Navigation Links
Lyfish-inspired pumps
Date:11/23/2010

WASHINGTON, D.C., November 23, 2010 -- To the causal aquarium visitor, the jellyfish doesn't seem to be a particularly powerful swimmer; compared to a fish, it glides slowly and peacefully.

But for Janna Nawroth, a graduate student at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, the undulations of this simple invertebrate hold secrets that may make possible a new generation of tiny pumps for medical applications and soft robotics -- work she describes today at the American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) meeting in Long Beach, CA

"Most pumps are made of rigid materials," says Nawroth. "For medical pumps inside the human body, we need flexible pumps because they move fluids in a much gentler way that does not destroy tissues and cells."

Nawroth is working with Caltech engineer John Dabiri, an expert on jellyfish propulsion. His research has shown these cnidarians tend to fall into two categories -- those that produce faster, harder strokes and those that create weaker but more efficient strokes. He has also studied the flows and eddies created by the strokes, which can be characterized by a dimensionless quantity called a Reynolds number.

"We're really lucky," says Nawroth. "The Reynolds numbers we see in the movement of jellyfish of different sizes and ages are in the right range as what we need for medical applications."

As a step towards creating flexible pumps, Nawroth is studying how jellyfish shape and tissue composition adapt to the demands imposed by flow conditions at different Reynolds numbers. Jellyfish at millimeter scales, for example, exploit the small layer of water that adheres to their surface as they move and use it as additional paddle at no extra cost. Further, a clever arrangement of multiple pacemakers within the jellyfish body allow for a reliable yet tunable pumping mechanism.

In the future, Nawroth plans to use this practical understanding to help design a whole spectrum of flexible pumps that are optimized for different tasks and conditions.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
301-209-3091
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... -- --> --> Fourth quarter 2015: ... 1,187% compared with fourth quarter of 2014. Gross margin was ... 30.0). Earnings per share increased to SEK 6.39 (loss: 0.49). ... 74.7). , --> --> ... M (233.6), up 1,142% compared with 2014. Gross margin was ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ... "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by ... Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and ... - Global forecast to 2020" report ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has announced the addition of ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... Feb. 2, 2016 Checkpoint Inhibitors for ... Market Are you interested in the future ... for checkpoint inhibitors. Visiongain,s report gives those predictions ... and national level. Avoid falling behind in ... opportunities and revenues those emerging cancer therapies can ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... registry built on the secure online PatientCrossroads platform, has exceeded both its one-year ... have joined the PROMPT study, which seeks to advance understanding of the hereditary ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... Cenna ... agents for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, announced today it has been selected to ... 18th at the Breakers in Palm Beach, Florida. The purpose of the Forum ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... , Feb. 9, 2016  Regenicin, Inc. (OTC ... specializing in the development and commercialization of regenerative ... tissues and organs, recently reported the Company,s operating ... quarter of 2016. Lonza America , ... 2015 fiscal year in the process of consummating ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... , ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... latest innovations on its free and validated Electronic Data Capture (EDC) system ClinCaptureand ... Outsourcing in Clinical Trials West Coast 2016 Conference in San Mateo, California on ...
Breaking Biology Technology: