Navigation Links
Low vitamin D during pregnancy linked to pre-eclampsia
Date:9/7/2007

PITTSBURGH, Sept. 7 Vitamin D deficiency early in pregnancy is associated with a five-fold increased risk of preeclampsia, according to a study from the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences reported this week in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

A serious complication of pregnancy marked by soaring blood pressure and swelling of the hands and feet, preeclampsia is the leading cause of premature delivery and maternal and fetal illness and death worldwide, conservatively projected to contribute to 76,000 deaths each year. Preeclampsia, also known as toxemia, affects up to 7 percent of first pregnancies, and health care costs associated with preeclampsia are estimated at $7 billion a year in the United States alone, according to the Preeclampsia Foundation.

Our results showed that maternal vitamin D deficiency early in pregnancy is a strong, independent risk factor for preeclampsia, said Lisa M. Bodnar, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D., assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) and lead author of the study. Women who developed preeclampsia had vitamin D concentrations that were significantly lower early in pregnancy compared to women whose pregnancies were normal. And even though vitamin D deficiency was common in both groups, the deficiency was more prevalent among those who went on to develop preeclampsia.

For this investigation, Dr. Bodnar and her colleagues evaluated data and banked blood samples taken from women and newborns between 1997 and 2001 at Magee-Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) and affiliated private obstetrician practices. Data were analyzed for 1,198 women enrolled in the Pregnancy Exposures and Preeclampsia Prevention Study, a prospective survey designed to examine factors that may predispose women to preeclampsia. Out of this group, 55 cases of preeclampsia and 220 controls were selected for further study.

Samples of maternal blood were taken prior to 22 weeks pregnancy and again just before delivery. Samples of newborn umbilical cord blood also were tested for 25 hydroxyvitamin D, an indicator of vitamin D status.

Low vitamin D early in pregnancy was associated with a five-fold increase in the odds of preeclampsia, said Dr. Bodnar, who also is an assistant investigator at the university-affiliated Magee-Womens Research Institute (MWRI). Data showed this increase risk persisted even after adjusting for other known risk factors such as race, ethnicity and pre-pregnancy body weight. Also troubling was the fact that many of the women reported taking prenatal vitamins, which typically contain 200 to 400 International Units of vitamin D, she said.

Even a small decline in vitamin D concentration more than doubled the risk of preeclampsia, noted James M. Roberts, M.D., senior author of the study and MWRI founding director. And since newborns vitamin D stores are completely reliant on vitamin D from the mother, low vitamin levels also were observed in the umbilical cord blood of newborns from mothers with preeclampsia.

A vitamin closely associated with bone health, vitamin D deficiency early in life is associated with rickets a disorder thought to have been eradicated in the United States more than 50 years ago as well as increased risk for type 1 diabetes, asthma and schizophrenia.

In the developing world, preeclampsia accounts for up to 80 percent of maternal deaths. And while treatment is more available in developed countries, preeclampsia remains the leading cause of maternal death. Infants born to mothers with preeclampsia have a risk of mortality five times greater than those born to women with normal pregnancies. In the United States alone, nearly 15 percent of preterm deliveries are a result of preeclampsia.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michele D. Baum
BaumMD@upmc.edu
412-647-3555
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Does vitamin C help prevent or treat the common cold? Maybe not, after all.
2. Vitamin As paradoxical role in influencing symmetry during embryonic development revealed
3. OHSU research shows vitamin C counteracts some negative impacts of smoking on unborn babies
4. Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy
5. Natural vitamin E tocotrienol reaches blood at protective levels
6. Poor athletic performance linked to vitamin deficiency
7. MIT biologists solve vitamin puzzle
8. Cocoa vitamin health benefits could outshine penicillin
9. Misusing vitamin to foil drug test may be toxic; plus, it doesnt work
10. Vitamins: Science doesnt always match policy
11. Fat overrides effects of vitamin C
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/6/2017)... , Jan. 6, 2017  Privately-held CalciMedica, Inc., ... in healthy volunteers of a novel calcium release-activated ... acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis, sudden ... mild disorder, but can be very serious.  In severe ... sepsis, where extended hospital stays, time in the ...
(Date:1/3/2017)... Jan. 3, 2017 Onitor, provider of digital ... Onitor Track, an innovative biometric data-driven program designed to ... month at the 2017 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in ... In the U.S., the World Health Organization (WHO), have ... of adults who are overweight or obese. WHO also ...
(Date:12/19/2016)... , España y TORONTO , 19 de diciembre ... Northern Biologics Inc. que permitirá el desarrollo acelerado de MSC-1, un ... en varios tipos de tumor en 2017, con múltiples sitios previstos ... ... clase con objetivo en el factor inhibidor de leucemia (LIF), una ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... Application - Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022" report ... ... projected to reach $15,737 million by 2022 from $6,521 in 2015, ... Omic technologies segment accounted for more than half of ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... and HOUSTON , Jan. ... Prenatal") today announced the formation of its Medical/Clinical ... clinicians and industry veterans who enhance the range ... it accelerates development of its novel prenatal diagnostic ... medical, clinical and strategic guidance for the company,s ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets ... has announced the addition of the ... 2025" report to their offering. Report ... provides a detailed analysis on current and future market trends to identify ... market values as the base numbers Key market trends ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 19, 2017 , ... November Research Group, LLC, a global ... device manufacturers and regulators, is proud to announce the worldwide release of PRIMO ... to provide product vigilance departments with the flexibility and ease of use of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: