Navigation Links
Low levels of key protein may indicate pancreatic cancer risk
Date:8/15/2007

BOSTON--A protein that dwindles in response to obesity and a sedentary lifestyle may one day help doctors predict which people are at increased risk for pancreatic cancer, new research by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and collaborating scientists indicates.

In a report in the Aug. 15 issue of Cancer Research, the investigators found that, in a large study group, people with the lowest blood levels of a protein called IGFBP-1 were twice as likely to develop pancreatic cancer as those with higher levels. Though much work remains to determine if the protein -- whose acronym stands for insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 -- is a reliable indicator of pancreatic cancer risk, the finding adds to the scientific understanding of how the disease develops.

"The levels of insulin and another circulating hormone, insulin-like growth factor or IGF, are modified by obesity and sedentary lifestyle, and there is evidence that these hormones may stimulate the growth of pancreatic cancer cells," said the study's lead author, Brian Wolpin, MD, of Dana-Farber. "When IGF binds to proteins like IGFBP-1, there may be less IGF available to bind to pancreatic cancer cells and promote their growth. We wanted to determine whether IGFBP-1 levels in the blood were associated with pancreatic cancer risk."

The investigators measured circulating IGFBP-1 levels in a select group of participants in four large, ongoing health studies: the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, the Nurses' Health Study, the Physicians' Health Study, and the Women's Health Initiative. They collected blood samples from 573 participants and, four or more years later, checked IGFBP-1 levels in the samples of 144 people who developed pancreatic cancer and 429 who did not.

They found that the quarter of the group whose IGFBP-1 levels were lowest had twice the risk of developing pancreatic cancer of those in the top three quarters. The connection became even stronger over time: Among cases diagnosed at least eight years after blood collection, those in the bottom quarter of IGFBP-1 levels had nearly three-and-a-half times the pancreatic cancer risk of those in the upper quarters.

The risk may be elevated because higher amounts of IGFBP-1 are able to "soak up" more IGF, leaving less available to spur pancreatic cancer cell growth, or because IGFBP-1 has some cancer-blocking properties of its own, said Wolpin, who is also an instructor in medicine at Harvard Medical School. Another possibility is that other molecules may be involved, for which IGFBP-1 acts as an intermediary.

"It's known that a variety of proteins are affected by obesity and sedentary lifestyle," he added. "Studies are exploring whether a subset of these may play a role in the risk of developing pancreatic cancer. More research is also needed on how alterations in insulin and proteins in the IGF family alter the risk of this difficult disease."


'/>"/>
Contact: Bill Schaller
william_schaller@dfci.harvard.edu
617-632-5357
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New lab technique identifies high levels of pathogens in therapy pool
2. Scientists at Galileo Pharmaceuticals confirm inflammatory response linked to glucose levels
3. MERIS monitoring tracks planetary photosynthesis levels
4. High carbon dioxide levels spur Southern pines to grow more needles
5. Enzyme affects hypertension by controlling salt levels in body
6. Field tested: Grasslands wont help buffer climate change as carbon dioxide levels rise
7. Babys genes affect moms cholesterol levels
8. Males with elevated levels of testosterone lead shorter lives but have more success siring offspring
9. Salmonella bacteria use RNA to assess and adjust magnesium levels
10. Fish on acid: Hagfish cope with high levels of CO2
11. High estrogen levels associated with dementia in older men
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/1/2017)... 1, 2017 IDTechEx Research, a leading provider ... announces the availability of a new report, Sensors for Robotics: ... Continue Reading ... ... robots. Source: IDTechEx Report "Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts ...
(Date:1/26/2017)... CITY , Jan. 26, 2017  Crossmatch, a ... unveiled a new solution aimed at combatting fraud, waste ... solution was introduced at the Action on Disaster Relief ... key meeting point for UN agencies and foreign assistance ... Fraud, waste and abuse are a largely unacknowledged ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... , Jan. 24, 2017 Biopharm Reports ... the laboratory use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ... end-users and profiled current practices, developments, trends and ... well as growth and opportunities. These areas include ... NMR instruments, needs and innovation requirements, hyphenated NMR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... -- Symic Bio, a biopharmaceutical company focused on matrix ... announced today the completion of enrollment for the SHIELD ... trial will evaluate the safety and efficacy of SB-030, ... restenosis following angioplasty. "We,re pleased to ... Nathan Bachtell , M.D., Chief Medical Officer of ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... -- VWR Corporation (NASDAQ: VWR), the leading global independent provider of ... reported its financial results for the fourth quarter and full ... 4Q16 record quarterly net sales of $1.13 billion, ... 4Q16 EMEA-APAC segment net sales ... Americas net sales increased 2.5%, or down 0.9% on an ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - The Fight Against Cancer Innovation ... (OICR) are pleased to report that Fusion Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... Johnson & Johnson Innovation – JJDC, Inc. (JJDC) as ... HealthCap, TPG Biotechnology Partners, and Genesys Capital, as well ... ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Brain Sentinel, ... begin marketing the SPEAC® System, the Brain Sentinel® Seizure Monitoring and Alerting System. ... healthcare facilities during periods of rest. A lightweight, non-invasive monitor is placed on ...
Breaking Biology Technology: