Navigation Links
Low-carb vegan diet may reduce heart disease risk and weight
Date:5/22/2014

TORONTO, May 22, 2014 -- Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have shown for the first time that, in addition to weight loss, a specific low-carbohydrate diet may also reduce the risk of heart disease by 10 per cent over 10 years.

The diet, often called Eco-Atkins, is a low-carbohydrate vegan diet. Many low-carbohydrate diets have been proven to improve weight loss but most emphasize eating animal proteins and fats, which may raise cholesterol. Diets that are high in vegetable proteins and oils may reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering "bad cholesterol."

"We killed two birds with one stone or, rather, with one diet," explained lead author Dr. David Jenkins, who is director of the Clinical Nutrition and Risk Modification Centre of St. Michael's Hospital and a Nutritional Sciences professor at the University of Toronto. "We designed a diet that combined both vegan and low-carb elements to get the weight loss and cholesterol-lowering benefits of both."

The findings, which were published in British Medical Journal Open, compared Eco-Atkins to a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet. The Eco-Atkins diet reduced cholesterol by 10 per cent while also helping participants lose an average of four more pounds than the high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet over six months.

"We could expect similar results in the real world because study participants selected their own diets and were able to adjust to their needs and preferences," said Dr. Jenkins, who is a vegan.

Participants were given menu plans that outlined food items and amounts. Rather than requiring fixed meals, the menus served as a reference guide and participants were given a list of suitable food alternatives. With an exchange list of interchangeable food items, participants were better able to adapt the diet to their personal tastes which helped to encourage adherence to the diet.

Twenty-three obese men and women completed the six-month diet. Participants were encouraged to eat only 60 per cent of their estimated caloric requirements the amount of calories that should be consumed daily to maintain their current weight.

Eco-Atkins participants aimed for a balance of 26 per cent of calories from carbohydrates, 31 per cent from proteins and 43 per cent from fat coming primarily vegetable oils.

Carbohydrate sources included high-fibre foods such as oats and barley and low-starch vegetables such as okra and eggplant. Proteins came from gluten, soy, vegetables, nuts and cereals. Predominant fat sources for the Eco-Atkins diet were nuts, vegetable oils, soy products and avocado.


'/>"/>

Contact: Geoff Koehler
koehlerg@smh.ca
416-864-6060 x6537
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Soy-based S-equol supplement reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors
2. Minimally invasive treatment for ruptured aneurysm: Safe, reduces mortality
3. ONR taps research teams to help reduce jet noise
4. Nanocrystal-coated fibers might reduce wasted energy
5. Autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell transplants can reduce diabetic amputations
6. University of Minnesota startup offers game-changing energy solutions that reduce CO2 emissions
7. Tax on salt could reduce cardiovascular disease deaths by 3 percent
8. How the ecological risks of extended bioenergy production can be reduced
9. Laparoscopy reduces the risk of small-bowel obstruction
10. Researchers show prebiotic can reduce severity of colitis
11. CUNY Energy Institute battery system could reduce buildings electric bills
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... LONDON , Dec. 15, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... the driving experience, health wellness and wellbeing ... As one in three new passenger vehicles ... voice recognition, gesture recognition, heart beat monitoring, ... eyelid monitoring, facial monitoring, and pulse detection. ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... 14, 2016 "Increase in mobile transactions is ... mobile biometrics market is expected to grow from USD ... 2022, at a CAGR of 29.3% between 2016 and ... the growing demand for smart devices, government initiatives, and ... "Software component is expected to grow at a high ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- Market Research Future published a half cooked research report on ... and Service Market is expected to grow over the CAGR of ... ... Mobile Biometric Security and Service Market is increasing ... authentication and security from unwanted cyber threats. The increasing use of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... and HOUSTON , ... ("NX Prenatal") today announced the formation of its ... leading clinicians and industry veterans who enhance the ... as it accelerates development of its novel prenatal ... provide medical, clinical and strategic guidance for the ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... of product vigilance software to leading biopharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers and regulators, ... a fully 21 CFR Part 11-compliant email client designed to provide product vigilance ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... Health (NIH) to update its Data Sharing Policy. Specifically, the nation’s leading informatics ... applications subject to the existing policy. AMIA recommended that NIH earmark funding for ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 The ... reach USD 92.9 billion by 2025, according to ... Pharmaceutical industry has been adaptive of the function ... early as 2002. Among the services outsourced, clinical ... For instance, Johnson & Johnson was the first ...
Breaking Biology Technology: