Navigation Links
Lost civilization under Persian Gulf?
Date:12/8/2010

A once fertile landmass now submerged beneath the Persian Gulf may have been home to some of the earliest human populations outside Africa, according to an article published today in Current Anthropology.

Jeffrey Rose, an archaeologist and researcher with the University of Birmingham in the U.K., says that the area in and around this "Persian Gulf Oasis" may have been host to humans for over 100,000 years before it was swallowed up by the Indian Ocean around 8,000 years ago. Rose's hypothesis introduces a "new and substantial cast of characters" to the human history of the Near East, and suggests that humans may have established permanent settlements in the region thousands of years before current migration models suppose.

In recent years, archaeologists have turned up evidence of a wave of human settlements along the shores of the Gulf dating to about 7,500 years ago. "Where before there had been but a handful of scattered hunting camps, suddenly, over 60 new archaeological sites appear virtually overnight," Rose said. "These settlements boast well-built, permanent stone houses, long-distance trade networks, elaborately decorated pottery, domesticated animals, and even evidence for one of the oldest boats in the world."

But how could such highly developed settlements pop up so quickly, with no precursor populations to be found in the archaeological record? Rose believes that evidence of those preceding populations is missing because it's under the Gulf.

"Perhaps it is no coincidence that the founding of such remarkably well developed communities along the shoreline corresponds with the flooding of the Persian Gulf basin around 8,000 years ago," Rose said. "These new colonists may have come from the heart of the Gulf, displaced by rising water levels that plunged the once fertile landscape beneath the waters of the Indian Ocean."

Historical sea level data show that, prior to the flood, the Gulf basin would have been above water beginning about 75,000 years ago. And it would have been an ideal refuge from the harsh deserts surrounding it, with fresh water supplied by the Tigris, Euphrates, Karun, and Wadi Baton Rivers, as well as by underground springs. When conditions were at their driest in the surrounding hinterlands, the Gulf Oasis would have been at its largest in terms of exposed land area. At its peak, the exposed basin would have been about the size of Great Britain, Rose says.

Evidence is also emerging that modern humans could have been in the region even before the oasis was above water. Recently discovered archaeological sites in Yemen and Oman have yielded a stone tool style that is distinct from the East African tradition. That raises the possibility that humans were established on the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula beginning as far back as 100,000 years ago or more, Rose says. That is far earlier than the estimates generated by several recent migration models, which place the first successful migration into Arabia between 50,000 and 70,000 years ago.

The Gulf Oasis would have been available to these early migrants, and would have provided "a sanctuary throughout the Ice Ages when much of the region was rendered uninhabitable due to hyperaridity," Rose said. "The presence of human groups in the oasis fundamentally alters our understanding of human emergence and cultural evolution in the ancient Near East."

It also hints that vital pieces of the human evolutionary puzzle may be hidden in the depths of the Persian Gulf.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kstacey@press.uchicago.edu
773-834-0386
University of Chicago Press Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks
2. Iron-moving malfunction may underlie neurodegenerative diseases, aging
3. The dietary supplement genistein can undermine breast cancer treatment
4. Proteins in sperm unlock understanding of male infertility says new study
5. NJIT professors research suggests changes in underwater data communications
6. Caltech scientists engineer supersensitive receptor, gain better understanding of dopamine system
7. When under attack, plants can signal microbial friends for help
8. ICSU launches new program to understand the human impact on Earths life-support systems
9. Studies of small water fleas help ecologists understand population dynamics
10. Living fossil tree contains genetic imprints of rain forests under climate change
11. Food allergies: Overestimated and underestimated
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/25/2017)... , Jan. 25, 2017 The Elements ... Management (IAM) lifecycle is comprised of a comprehensive ... the purpose of maintaining digital identities and providing ... and applications. There are significant number of programs ... time to time by optimizing processes and changing ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... , Jan. 24, 2017  It sounds ... baby,s sock that monitors vital signs and alerts ... an infant,s oxygen saturation level drops. But pediatric ... alarm to parents, with no evidence of medical ... devices are marketed aggressively to parents of healthy ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... ... recognition biometrics market to grow at a CAGR of 19.36% during ... scenario and the growth prospects of the global voice recognition biometrics ... the revenue generated from the sales of voice recognition biometrics including ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... -- In Atlanta, it seems everyone has a chance to express ... an expressive and dynamic community unlike any other. The businesses ... it. With their newest salon in ... carry on that tradition with a unique, fresh approach to ... is the newest of 13 nationwide locations, each of them ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  Imanis Life Sciences announced ... of oncolytic vaccinia viruses for virotherapy research. These ... of Genelux,s proprietary, vaccinia virus-based technology platform for ... enter into a partnership with Genelux to offer ... viruses for use in research," said Dr. ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... a published evaluation of multiple immunoassay-based threat detection technologies by researchers from ... PathSensors’ CANARY® biosensor threat detection technology was found to have the best ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Today, researchers ... CRP, adiponectin, uric acid, and/or other biomarkers or SNPs of interest) using one, ... Salimetrics’ SalivaLab , the relationship between insulin and other relevant biomarkers can be ...
Breaking Biology Technology: