Navigation Links
Localizing language in the brain
Date:8/30/2011

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- New research from MIT suggests that there are parts of our brain dedicated to language and only language, a finding that marks a major advance in the search for brain regions specialized for sophisticated mental functions.

Functional specificity, as it's known to cognitive scientists, refers to the idea that discrete parts of the brain handle distinct tasks. Scientists have long known that functional specificity exists in certain domains: In the motor system, for example, there is one patch of neurons that controls the fingers of your left hand, and another that controls your tongue. But what about more complex functions such as recognizing faces, using language or doing math? Are there special brain regions for those activities, or do they use general-purpose areas that serve whatever task is at hand?

Language, a cognitive skill that is both unique to humans and universal to all human cultures, "seems like one of the first places one would look" for this kind of specificity, says Evelina Fedorenko, a research scientist in MIT's Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and first author of the new study. But data from neuroimaging especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which measures brain activity associated with cognitive tasks has been frustratingly inconclusive. Though studies have largely converged on several areas important for language, it's been hard to say whether those areas are exclusive to language. Many experiments have found that non-language tasks seemingly activate the same areas: Arithmetic, working memory and music are some of the most common culprits.

But according to Fedorenko and her co-authors Nancy Kanwisher, the Walter A. Rosenblith Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, and undergraduate student Michael Behr this apparent overlap may simply be due to flaws in methodology, i.e., how fMRI data is traditionally gathered and analyzed. In their new study, published in this w
'/>"/>

Contact: Caroline McCall
cmccall5@mit.edu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. UCSB localizing fruit, vegetable consumption doesnt solve environmental, health issues
2. Crossing borders in language science: What bilinguals tell us about mind and brain
3. Children in formal child care have better language skills
4. Language delays found in siblings of children with autism
5. Study finds language barriers may play role in health care disparities
6. NIST team advances in translating language of nanopores
7. Second language learners recall native language when reading
8. Sign language study shows multiple brain regions wired for language
9. After 5 years, free systems biology markup language has proven popular
10. Dyslexia varies across language barriers
11. Researchers report gene associated with language, speech and reading disorders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/17/2015)... March 17, 2015 Emotient, the leader ... today announced general availability of Emotient Analytics ... the analysis of facial expressions. The system analyzes ... content, products and services. It delivers audience response ... sentiment - as derived from facial evidence of ...
(Date:3/12/2015)... March 12, 2015 The mascots of the ... Hospital, part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. They ... the 2015 ACC Men,s Basketball Tournament. Young patients enjoyed ... and getting their autographs. Brenner Children,s Hospital ... is the only children,s hospital in northwest ...
(Date:3/11/2015)...   The Sync Project™ today announced ... and harness music to improve health. The platform ... measurements of physiology, enabling the study of the ... populations. It is designed for medical and health ... studies and accelerate the discovery of the clinical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 2New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 3New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 4Introducing The Sync Project, a Global Collaboration Harnessing the Scientific Potential of Music for Health 2Introducing The Sync Project, a Global Collaboration Harnessing the Scientific Potential of Music for Health 3
... March issue of Human Nature , women both with ... ratings of photos of men when considering such measures as ... sexual partners spent more time evaluating photos of men, demonstrating ... found between men who had sexual partners and those who ...
... taken on epidemic proportions in developed nations, contributing significantly ... care costs. According to Centers for Disease Control and ... adults and more than 15 percent of children and ... research advances and treatment methods have had little effect ...
... Queen,s University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, has just received the ... prestigious Premier,s Discovery Awards for 2009. These two prizes follow ... of the Year by The Royal Canadian Geographical Society in ... the Springer book series Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research. ...
Cached Biology News:Single women gaze longer 2Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity 2Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity 3Springer Series editor John Smol receives two prestigious biology awards 2
(Date:3/25/2015)... and the HAGUE, Netherlands , ... results of LES Stimulation therapy for chronic gastro-esophageal reflux ... Surgery [ Surgery . 2015; 157(3):556-567 ... its minimally-invasive therapy. The study included ... of 11 years and taking prescribed daily proton pump ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... March 25, 2015 /CNW/ - The Gairdner Foundation ... 2015 Canada Gairdner Awards, recognizing some of the most ... Among the world,s most esteemed medical ... science and provide a $100,000 (CDN) prize to each scientist ... culture of research and innovation across the country, ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... , March 25, 2015 FDNA®, ... version 4 of Face2Gene, allowing geneticists around ... computers, as well as mobile devices. Face2Gene® facilitates detection ... malformations to present comprehensive and up-to-date genetic references. The ... Genetics Meeting, ACMG 2015, in Salt Lake ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... -- CASI Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: CASI ), a biopharmaceutical ... innovative therapeutics addressing cancer and other unmet medical needs ... China , announces that it has ... drug candidate ENMD-2076 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) at ... in Beijing , China.  Binghe ...
Breaking Biology Technology:EndoStim LES Stimulation therapy demonstrates long term safety and efficacy results in treating reflux patients 2EndoStim LES Stimulation therapy demonstrates long term safety and efficacy results in treating reflux patients 32015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 22015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 32015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 42015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 52015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 62015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 72015 Canada Gairdner Awards Honour Top Medical Discoveries Around The World 8FDNA Releases a Multi-Platform Version of Face2Gene, a Genetic Search and Reference Solution at ACMG 2015 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Announces Initiation Of A Phase 2 Trial With ENMD-2076 In Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In China 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Announces Initiation Of A Phase 2 Trial With ENMD-2076 In Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In China 3CASI Pharmaceuticals Announces Initiation Of A Phase 2 Trial With ENMD-2076 In Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In China 4CASI Pharmaceuticals Announces Initiation Of A Phase 2 Trial With ENMD-2076 In Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In China 5
... /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - ProMetic Life Sciences Inc.,(TSX: PLI) ... compound in clinical trial in patients with ... the European Hematology Association,held in Copenhagen, Denmark ... Director R&D, Biology, presented data on,PBI-1402 in ...
... (NASDAQ: ANPI , TSX: ANP), a global ... market launch of Quill(TM) SRS,MONODERM(TM). The product will ... U.S. and Europe., Quill(TM) SRS MONODERM(TM), which ... primarily for superficial wound closure applications,and indicated for ...
... Beckman,Coulter, Inc. (NYSE: BEC ), a leading ... and innovate complex biomedical tests,announces upcoming company presentations ... (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20031202/BECLOGO ), ... July 25, 2008., -- July 28 - ...
Cached Biology Technology:Positive clinical data for PBI-1402 presented at the Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association 2Positive clinical data for PBI-1402 presented at the Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association 3Angiotech announces market launch of Quill(TM) SRS MONODERM(TM) 2Angiotech announces market launch of Quill(TM) SRS MONODERM(TM) 3Angiotech announces market launch of Quill(TM) SRS MONODERM(TM) 4Upcoming Beckman Coulter Investor Events Second Half of 2008 2
Application: for RNase- decontamination , Registered Trademark of Ambion. ,Special grade: for molecular biology Density: 1.00 g/mL (20 C) Suitab tst: RNase decontamination in accordance...
... cleaning agent for removing RNase ... and pipettors. It is ... contamination from microcentrifuge tubes without ... Zap (R) is ...
Mol wt: average mol wt12,360.96 Da by calculation...
... of a series of media originally developed at ... al. for the large scale propagation of cells ... primarily used for the growth and maintenance of ... of viruses in these cell lines. One of ...
Biology Products: