Navigation Links
Local sources major cause of US near-ground aerosol pollution
Date:11/16/2007

A new NASA study estimates that most ground-level particulate pollution in the United States stems from regional sources in North America and only a small amount is brought to the country from other parts of the world.

Researchers using an innovative global aerosol tracking model have for the first time produced a global estimate of sources and movements of aerosols near the ground where they can affect human health and run afoul of environmental regulations. Previously, researchers studying aerosols moving between continents focused primarily on tracking a single type of aerosol, such as dust or black carbon, or measuring their quantities throughout the atmosphere. This left gaps in understanding where ground-level particulate pollution comes from.

"This is the first study to comprehensively consider the origin, composition and type of fine particles over the United States and connect them to both domestic and foreign sources." said Mian Chin, an atmospheric scientist at NASAs Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., and lead author of the study.

Aerosols are airborne particles that arise from both human sources such as burning fossil fuels, and natural sources such as fires, dust and volcanoes. They are also a major source of near-ground pollution. Since 1970, particulate matter has been regulated in the United State s by the Clean Air Act. A more recent concern has been aerosols that arrive here from distant shores carried by the wind.

Chin and colleagues set out to investigate how much and what type of aerosols made the intercontinental journey in 2001. The team employed the help of a computer model using known air chemistry and wind patterns to trace a region's aerosols everything from fossil fuel and biofuel combustion, biomass burning, and volcanic sources, desert dust and sea salt back to their sources.

"Using the model, we followed the path of aerosols to find out how much is local and how much is from outside a region," Chin says.

Chin and colleagues estimate that between 65-70 percent of surface particulate matter in the eastern U.S. originates from regional pollution aerosols from fuel combustion in North America. The report was in the Nov. 1 edition of the European Geosciences Union's Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.

They also found that 30-40 percent of fine particulates in the western U.S. come from local pollution sources. The model results estimated that just 2-6 percent of U.S. surface fine particulates come from fuel combustion particles emitted outside of North America, including Asia and Europe. About 50 percent of surface fine particulate matter in the western U.S. stems from a natural source: dust transported from Asia or from local deserts and organic aerosols from vegetation.

"Our results indicate that controlling regional pollution emissions will be the most effective and most responsible way to manage U.S. air quality," Chin says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lynn Chandler
lynn.chandler-1@nasa.gov
301-286-2806
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. University and state agencies to forecast local health effects of climate change
2. Majority of Americans want local action on global warming, says poll
3. The race for biofuels driving alternative sources of biomass
4. Space technology put into service for global water resources observations
5. deCODE discovers cause of major subtype of glaucoma
6. Bleeding, not inflammation, is major cause of early lung infection death
7. Mustafa alAbsi Ph.D. and national team awarded major NIH grant
8. Leading experts cite poor health and nutrition as major barrier to education in developing world
9. How schizophrenia develops: Major clues discovered
10. Major genetic breakthrough for ankylosing spondylitis brings treatment hope
11. NIH selects LIAI for major study on allergy molecular causes and possible treatments
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced the ... to their offering. ... eye tracking market to grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during ... Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis ... and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... YORK , April 5, 2017 Today ... is announcing that the server component of the HYPR ... known for providing the end-to-end security architecture that empowers ... HYPR has already secured over 15 million ... makers including manufacturers of connected home product suites and ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University ... adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching technology, pushing ... for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security of access ... ... A research team led by Dr Ajay ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... Stratevi, a boutique firm that partners ... Coast. It has opened an office in downtown Boston at 745 Atlantic Ave. ... more important to generate evidence on the value they provide, not just to patients, ...
(Date:5/21/2017)... ... 19, 2017 , ... Ovation Fertility scientists’ work is being ... Bioanalysts (AAB) and the College of Reproductive Biology (CRB) today and Saturday (May ... excellence in clinical laboratory services and regulations. , “We are pleased to ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... The University City Science Center ... ripe for commercialization, and who are affiliated with the 21 partner academic and ... QED, now in its tenth round, is the first multi-institutional proof-of-concept program for ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... ... Clinical Supplies Management (“CSM”), a Great Point Partners II (“GPP”) portfolio company, today ... doubled in size over the past six months with the acquisition of businesses in ... CSM as Chief Financial Officer. Roger has over 25 years of experience in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: