Navigation Links
Living on the edge of poverty and national parks
Date:8/23/2011

If so many poor people live around national parks in developing countries, does that mean that these parks are contributing to their poverty?

Yes, according to the conventional wisdom, but no, according to a 10-year study of people living around Kibale National Park in Uganda that was published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"Often people have lamented that the poorest of the poor live on the edge of the parks, and the assumption is that it's the parks that are keeping people poor," said Lisa Naughton, a professor of geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The issue matters, she said, because "people say we can't afford to protect biodiversity" if that inflicts further economic hardship on people who are already poor.

"This project demonstrates the value of using integrated approaches to examine the complex interactions between people and the environments they occupy," said Thomas Baerwald, a program director for the Geography and Spatial Sciences Program at the National Science Foundation, which partially funded the study.

To explore the relationship of parks, poverty and biodiversity conservation, Naughton and colleagues monitored 252 families living within three miles of Kibale National Park beginning in 1996. The general trend 10 years later was toward greater prosperity, as measured by access to clean drinking water, ownership of more livestock, and living under an improved roof rather than the traditional thatch.

"Most of the households came out ahead, are a lot better off than when we started," said Naughton, who has worked in Uganda for more than 20 years. "I go back every couple of years, and people are generally optimistic, some say they never imagined life would be this good."

But 10 percent of the families in the original study sold or lost their land and moved away, which indicates severe poverty, said co-author Jennifer Alix-Garcia, an assistant professor of agricultural and applied economics at UW-Madison. "The sale of land does not sound so terrible to us, but in Uganda, land is your most productive asset, and once you sell it, you don't have anything to rely on."

Although one finds a disproportionate presence of the very poor at the park edge today, more of their very poor counterparts, who lived further away, were forced to sell or give up their land as well, said Alix-Garcia.

"Apparently the park provides a source of insurance; they can hunt, or sell firewood or thatch from the park," she said. "It's misleading. If you look, you see more poor people living near the park. But when you look at the change in assets, you see that the poor people who live next to the park have lost less than poor people who live farther away."

And that suggests that the park is unlikely to explain the increased poverty among its close neighbors.

"Impressions based on one metric at one scale may be misleading, because other factors may be far more significant over broader geographic and temporal scales," said Baerwald. "Research like this that brings together insights from different disciplines provides valuable new insights that can improve policies and management approaches and enhance human well-being."

Parks, landscapes, societies and economies vary widely, and so it's hard to know how well the results will generalize, Naughton admitted. But she said the study was one of the first to look at parks and poverty over the long term, and the results do undermine the conventional wisdom--that national parks are to blame for the poverty found at their borders.

"If you are concerned about the welfare of the people who live around parks, don't assume that it is the park that is trapping them in poverty. Instead of only looking at the park, turn around and look in the other direction. Land is becoming scarce and most public forests have been cleared or privatized. There are many other factors, it's not just the park," Naughton said.

By looking at changes over time, Naughton claimed, it's easier to understand the real course of events. "There is a lot of research looking at poverty in parks, but much of it amounts to looking just at the present-day location of poverty. For 10 years, we have been looking at the changes: What were the starting conditions? What were the ending conditions? And did the park matter?"


'/>"/>

Contact: Bobbie Mixon
bmixon@nsf.gov
703-292-8485
National Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. NSF funds new Center for the Physics of Living Cells at Illinois
2. TB bacterium uses its sugar coat to sweeten its chances of living in lungs
3. Living fossil tree contains genetic imprints of rain forests under climate change
4. New method provides panoramic view of protein-RNA interactions in living cells
5. Novel technique for fluorescence tomography of tumors in living animals
6. MIT nanotubes sniff out cancer agents in living cells
7. Reproductive life of male mice is increased by living with females
8. Living longer thanks to the longevity gene
9. Protein structure determined in living cells
10. 4,000-year-old coral beds among worlds oldest living things, prof says
11. Living long, living well
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Living on the edge of poverty and national parks
(Date:1/20/2016)... 20, 2016  Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: SYNA ... today announced sampling of S1423, its newest ClearPad ... small screen applications including smartwatches, fitness trackers, and ... and rectangular shapes, as well as thick and ... moisture on screen, while wearing gloves, and supports ...
(Date:1/15/2016)... JUAN, Puerto Rico , Jan. 15, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... companies big and small to find new ways to ... driven culture. iOS and Android ... device based on biometrics, transforming it into a hardware ... request that users swipe their fingerprint on their KodeKey ...
(Date:1/13/2016)... 13, 2016 ... of the  "India Biometrics Authentication & ... (2015-2020)"  report to their offering.  ... announced the addition of the  "India ... Estimation & Forecast (2015-2020)"  report ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 ... ("PositiveID" or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life sciences ... that its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the Caregiver® ... growth plan in January 2016, including entering into ... sequential monthly sales growth, and establishing several near-term ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... announced a new agreement with Bankok,Thailand-based Global Stem Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute ... 15 Latin American countries, including Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... February 10, 2016 Early-career researchers ... Peru , Uganda and ... in health and nutrition   Indonesia , ... and Yemen are being honored for ... They are also celebrated for mentoring young women scientists who are pursuing ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb.10, 2016 ASAE is introducing ... Association Management Companies (AMC) the option of joining or ... annual fee determined by staff size, every employee in ... join ASAE and reap all available member benefits.   ... "Our new organizational membership options will allow organizations of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: