Navigation Links
Listening to music is biological
Date:2/25/2011

Music is listened in all known cultures. Similarities between human and animal song have been detected: both contain a message, an intention that reflects innate emotional state that is interpreted correctly even among different species. In fact, several behavioral features in listening to music are closely related to attachment: lullabies are song to infants to increase their attachment to a parent, and singing or playing music together is based on teamwork and may add group cohesion.

In the study of University of Helsinki and Sibelius-Academy, Helsinki, the biological basis of music listening was examined. Data consisted of 31 Finnish families with 437 family members. The participants of the study were 893 years old from professional or amateur musicians to participants with no music education. To dissect listening habits further, active and passive listening of music were separately defined and surveyed using questionnaire. Active listening was defined as attentive listening of music, including attending concerts. Passive listening was defined as hearing or listening to music as background music. All participants were tested for musical aptitude using three music tests and a blood sample was taken for DNA analysis.

In the study the participants reported weekly average active listening to music of 4.6 hours and passive listening to music of 7.3 hours. It was noted that music education, high music test scores and creativity in music tended to add active music listening.

Recent genetic studies have shown familial aggregation of tone deafness, absolute pitch, musical aptitude and creative functions in music. In this study, willingness to listen to music and the level of music education varied in pedigrees.

This is one of the first studies where listening to music has been explored at molecular level, and the first study to show association between arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A) gene variants with listening to music. Previously, an association between AVPR1A and musical aptitude has been reported. AVPR1A gene is a gene that has been associated with social communication and attachment behavior in human and other species. The vasopressin homolog increases vocalization in birds and influences on breeding of lizards and fishes. The results suggest biological contribution to the sound perception (here listening to music), provide a molecular evidence of sound or music's role in social communication, and are providing tools for further studies on gene-culture evolution in music.

The study belongs to the larger research project where biological basis of musical aptitude is investigated. The leader of the study is Professor Irma Jrvel from the University of Helsinki. The principal investigator is MSc Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti. The experts in statistical analyses are docent Pivi Onkamo and BSc Jaana Oikkonen from the University of Helsinki. Experts in musical aptitude are Doctor of Music Pirre Raijas and docent Kai Karma from Sibelius-Academy. The study has been published in the Journal of Human Genetics.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Irma Jrvel
irma.jarvela@helsinki.fi
358-505-447-030
University of Helsinki
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Johns Hopkins researchers detect sweet cacophony while listening to cellular cross-talk
2. Listening for ocean spills and their ecological effects
3. Research shows that time invested in practicing pays off for young musicians
4. American Library Association names NJIT prof’s Whale Music book a top ten
5. Musicians have biological advantage in identifying emotion in sound
6. Brain music
7. Some vocal-mimicking animals, particularly parrots, can move to a musical beat
8. The neurobiology of musicality related to the intrinsic attachment behavior?
9. Music is the engine of new U-M lab-on-a-chip device
10. Study shows that color plays musical chairs in the brain
11. Music in speech equals empathy in heart?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/16/2017)... 2017   Bridge Patient Portal , an ... MD EMR Systems , an electronic medical record ... have established a partnership to build an interface ... GE Centricity™ products, including Centricity Practice Solution (CPS), ... These new integrations will allow healthcare delivery networks ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... York , April 19, 2017 ... as its vendor landscape is marked by the presence ... market is however held by five major players - ... Together these companies accounted for nearly 61% of the ... the leading companies in the global military biometrics market ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... 13, 2017 UBM,s Advanced Design and Manufacturing ... feature emerging and evolving technology through its 3D Printing ... run alongside the expo portion of the event and ... demonstrations focused on trending topics within 3D printing and ... manufacturing event will take place June 13-15, 2017 at the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... King of Prussia, PA (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... leaders will be taking part in sessions at the ISPE Annual Meeting and ... the Marriott Marquis San Diego Marina. The event’s theme is “Driving innovation to advance ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 16, 2017 , ... Recent studies show that cancer cells ... specific cancers, such as breast, prostate, or lung, target vital pathways active in ... advanced prostate cancer. , This therapy limits the production and effectiveness of ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... Today, 3Bar ... has secured $2M in funding from an impressive group of investors, including Rev1 ... Thrive Fund. With this investment, 3Bar is broadening availability of its groundbreaking offering ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... -- This year,s edition of the Inc. 5000 features a now-familiar name: BioPoint ... made the list for the third year in a row. Now in ... based on a set of quantitative metrics. In addition, BioPoint was also ... the Bay State . ... Inc. 5000 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: