Navigation Links
Lincoln Park Zoo scientists awarded National Institutes of Health grant
Date:3/3/2009

Chicago, Ill Lincoln Park Zoo post-doctoral researcher Carson Murray, Ph.D. has received a $900,000 grant over five years from one of the world's foremost medical research centers, the National Institutes of Health. She and her mentors, Elizabeth Lonsdorf, Ph.D. and Rachel Santymire, Ph.D. of Lincoln Park Zoo and Martha McClintock, Ph.D. of the University of Chicago will work to identify stressors of wild female chimpanzees and discover how stress relates to maternal behavior and ultimately to offspring stress, health and development.

Chimpanzees can provide researchers insight into humans because of a shared evolutionary history and similar social patterns. Additionally, both chimpanzee and human mothers provide the majority of infant care throughout a long period of infant development. In most mammals, including humans, the mother-offspring relationship is critical to how well offspring survive and reproduce later in life. The long-term goal of the zoo's research is to better understand how maternal behavior influences infant health and development in humans.

Research is being conducted with wild chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania where renowned primatologist Jane Goodall first began her research in 1960 and Murray lived and worked for two years during her dissertation studies. The zoo's project combines new field data on stress levels with a wealth of long-term behavioral data collected since 1970 by researchers from the Jane Goodall Institute's Gombe Stream Research Centre.

"For nearly 40 years researchers have been following mother chimpanzees and their offspring, recording their interactions. This is a truly amazing dataset of 15,000 hours on 39 different mothers. No other study site has a comparable amount of data on great ape mother-infant interactions," explained Dr. Lonsdorf, director of the Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes at Lincoln Park Zoo. "We will use the behavioral data to determine maternal styles. Additionally, health data has been collected since 2004. These data will allow us to fully investigate the relationship between offspring stress and health."

By combining long-term and new field data on stress hormones, zoo researchers will be able to address fundamental questions about chimpanzees and better understand maternal behavior and stress in humans. Researchers use non-invasive techniques, gathering hormone data from fecal samples, to obtain a clear view of the relationship of the mother and offspring without creating any disturbance.

"Despite how much insight chimpanzees can provide into humans, relatively little is known about what influences their maternal behavior and how that behavior translates to offspring health and development," said Dr. Santymire from the zoo's Davee Center for Epidemiology and Endocrinology. "This study will provide valuable results that will be relevant to many issues that affect human families today, such as infant abuse and neglect, and the impact of stress on future success in society, anxiety and depression."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sharon Dewar
sdewar@lpzoo.org
312-742-2246
Lincoln Park Zoo
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Lincoln Park Zoo awarded $1.5 million grant for new research institute
2. Lincoln Park Zoo launches first-of-its-kind wildlife reintroduction database
3. JCVI program trains USDA scientists on eukaryotic genome analysis
4. Monash scientists debug superbug
5. Scientists at CSHL discover mobile small RNAs that set up leaf patterning in plants
6. Scientists unlock the secrets of C. difficiles protective shell
7. Scientists discover why teeth form in a single row
8. Einstein scientists receive $10 million NIH grant
9. From stem cells to new organs: Stanford and NYU scientists cross threshold in regenerative medicine
10. 40 minority scientists receive travel fellowships to Experimental Biology 2009 in New Orleans
11. Vanderbilt scientists invent worlds smallest periscopes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/30/2017)... 2017 Today, American Trucking Associations announced ... face and eye tracking software, became the newest ... "Artificial intelligence and advanced sensing ... a driver,s attentiveness levels while on the road.  ... detect fatigue and prevent potential accidents, which could ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... , May 23, 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym for ... has been officially launched in Genoa, Italy . The ... and the USA . The technology was ... the market by the IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a 10 ... Multimedia News Release, please click: ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... -- RAM Group , Singaporean based technology ... biometric authentication based on a novel  quantum-state ... perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are based on a ... Group and its partners. This sensor will have widespread ... security. Ram Group is a next generation sensor ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... San Diego-based team building and cooking events company, ... today. The bold new look is part of a transformation to increase awareness, ... significant growth period. , It will also expand its service offering from its signature ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... Parks Associates announced today that Tom Kerber , Director ... , October 11 in Scottsdale, Arizona . Kerber will ... safety and security products impact the competitive landscape. ... Parks Associates: Smart Home Devices: Main Purchase Driver ... "The residential security market has experienced continued growth, and the introduction of ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... DIEGO , Oct. 9, 2017  BioTech ... biological mechanism by which its ProCell stem cell ... critical limb ischemia.  The Company, demonstrated that treatment ... amount of limbs saved as compared to standard ... the molecule HGF resulted in reduction of therapeutic ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... ... in the medical journal, Epilepsia, Brain Sentinel’s SPEAC® System which uses the ... in detecting generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) using surface electromyography (sEMG). The prospective ...
Breaking Biology Technology: