Navigation Links
Leptin's long-distance call to the pancreas
Date:12/22/2008

Rube Goldbergthe cartoonist who devised complex machines for simple taskswould have smiled at one of leptin's mechanisms for curbing insulin release. As Hinoi et al. show, the fat-derived hormone enlists the sympathetic nervous system to prevent bone-making cells from releasing a molecule that prods the pancreas to discharge insulin.

The study will appear online December 22, 2008 (www.jcb.org) and in the December 29, 2008 print issue of The Journal of Cell Biology (JCB).

In the fight against obesity and diabetes, leptin is one of the good guys. Mice lacking the hormone become corpulent, and their sky-high insulin levels eventually lead to diabetes. Leptin can curtail insulin release directly. But there's also a back-door route that researchers are still trying to piece together. Scientists knew that leptin nudges osteoblasts, cells known for building bone but that also manufacture osteocalcin, a protein that stimulates insulin release. Hinoi et al. tested whether leptin acts on the pancreas through osteocalcin.

Leptin channels many of its effects through the nervous system. The team thus tested whether the hormone relied on the sympathetic nervous system, the branch that pumps out adrenaline during emergencies but at other times emits a hormonal trickle to maintain a low level of stimulation. This baseline activity was lower in mice lacking the leptin receptor, indicating a connection between leptin and the sympathetic nervous system. When that connection was broken by deleting the adrenaline receptor from mice osteoblasts, insulin levels shot up.

The researchers then dosed mice with a sympathetic stimulator. Rodents lacking leptin or the adrenaline receptor on their osteoblasts turned out normal amounts of osteocalcin, but much of it was in an inert form. That result suggests leptin affects insulin release by indirectly inactivating osteocalcin. The work boosts researchers' hopes of using osteocalcin to treat diabetesa possibility some drug companies have already started to investigate.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rita Sullivan
rsullivan@rockefeller.edu
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Jefferson Department of Surgery announces new pancreas tumor registry
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Leptin's long-distance call to the pancreas
(Date:1/8/2016)... MANCHESTER, United Kingdom , Jan. 8, 2016 ... innovative sensor-based diagnostic products, today announced the closing of a ... existing investors.  Proceeds from the financing will be used to ... hand-held device for detecting early-stage pressure ulcers. ... after receiving CE Mark approval. The device,s introduction has ...
(Date:1/7/2016)... , Jan. 7, 2016 This BCC Research ... for biometric technologies and devices, identifying newer markets and ... various types of biometric devices. Includes forecast from 2015 ... Identify newer markets and explore the expansion of the ... Examine each type of biometric technology, determine its current ...
(Date:1/7/2016)... -- A United States District Court in Illinois ... to interpret a biometric privacy statute in a decision ... photo website Shutterfly brought by the law firm Carey Rodriguez ... SHUTTERFLY, INC.; and THISLIFE, INC ( N.D. Ill ., ... Illinois Biometric Privacy Act by collecting and scanning face ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/3/2016)... , ... February 03, 2016 , ... ... Linux and Unix visualization solutions today announced the addition of a powerful “Session ... users to see the current state of the remote Linux desktop or other ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 3, 2016  Today, Symphony ... of AlphaImpactRx , a leading provider of primary ... companies to IMS Health , a global information ... complementary offerings, capabilities and technologies will be integrated into ... growing global primary market research capabilities. ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... NEW YORK. (PRWEB) , ... February 03, 2016 ... ... manufacturer of silicon (Si) and InGaAs chips and wafers, and InP epi wafers ... ranging from silicon detectors–including photodiodes, photo transistors, and Avalanche photodiodes–to Si and ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 ... clusters of commensal, symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms that ... human body. The human microbiome is involved in ... healthy life. Majority of the microorganisms benefit humans ... otherwise not possess. These include metabolism of complex ...
Breaking Biology Technology: