Navigation Links
Law enforcement vital for great ape survival
Date:12/8/2011

This press release is available in German.

Recent studies show that the populations of African great apes are rapidly decreasing. Many areas where apes occur are scarcely managed and weakly protected. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have carried out an international collaborative project together with field researchers and park managers. The project aim was to evaluate how the lack of conservation effort influences the extinction risk of African great apes. Records were collected over the last 20 years from 109 resource management areas. The researchers found that the long-term presence of local and international non-governmental organization support and of law enforcement guards are the most crucial factors affecting ape survival, and that they have a clear measurable impact. Conversely, national development, often cited as a driver of conservation success, and high human population density had a negative impact on the likelihood of ape survival.

For the protection of natural resources, and in particular to fight wildlife population decline, it is fundamental to implement measures that are truly effective. How well a particular conservation activity reduces extinction risk of a species has rarely been quantified in comparison to other types of conservation efforts over a long-term and large spatial scale. Such a quantitative comparison is important in helping to direct conservation strategies that will mitigate and reverse the recent decline in many African great ape populations.

This study provides a continent-wide assessment of the relative significance of four different types of conservation efforts: law enforcement guards, tourism, research and non-governmental organizations support. Their effects have been assessed in 109 African resource management areas for the survival of chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas over twenty years (1990-2009), located in 16 countries in East, West and Central Africa. Along with these data, environmental and anthropogenic variables were included and as well recent records of ape status.

The study confirmed unequivocally that prolonged conservation efforts lead to a measurable decrease of the probability of apes going extinct, and the longer they last, the lower the probability. "The results confirm and prove quantitatively that the most influential risk for ape disappearance is the lack of law enforcement guards, rather than the absence of tourism and research, which nevertheless remain activities with a measurable positive impact", says researcher Sandra Tranquilli of the MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology. "Futhermore, ape persistence is positively influenced by the presence of non-governmental organization support".

"Remaining wilderness areas are disappearing at a rate which is unimaginable for most people. If we want to preserve some of these places for the future, we need many more studies of this type" says conservation group leader Hjalmar Kuehl of the MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology. "These studies help to better understand which conservation measures are more efficient and into which conservation activities the limited available resources should best be invested. This information will help to increase the effectiveness of conservation measures by maximizing the return on invested resources".

"This is an excellent example of evidence-based conservation research, where conservation activities and strategies are evaluated quantitatively," says researcher Fiona Maisels of the Wildlife Conservation Society. "Our findings will ensure the best use of the limited human and financial resources available, particularly in terms of effective law enforcement on the ground".

"The survival of African Greats Apes depends on law enforcement", says DR Congolese researcher Fidle Amsini of Frankfurt Zoological Society, "These efforts also depend on the availability of funds from donors and the support of country agencies".

This study measures for the first time on a continental scale the relative impact of conservation efforts and shows how crucial their long-term presence is for African great ape existence. In addition to the application of an evidence-based approach, the authors recommend a continuous monitoring program of population trends and threats to ensure the long-term persistence of ape populations.


'/>"/>
Contact: Sandra Jacob
jacob@eva.mpg.de
49-341-355-0122
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. BIO-keys(R) Law Enforcement Group Awarded $700,000 in New Contracts
2. Sig-Tec(R) and BIO-key(R) Deliver Advanced Biometric Security Solution to Ohio County Law Enforcement Agency
3. BIO-key(R) Awarded PocketCop(R) Contracts From Major Law Enforcement Agencies
4. BIO-key(R) Mobile Data and Messaging Solutions Link Nebraska Law Enforcement Agencies
5. Nine Additional Virginia Law Enforcement Agencies Deploy BIO-key(R) and DaPro Systems Solution
6. Nine Additional Virginia Law Enforcement Agencies Deploy BIO-key(R) and DaPro Systems Solution
7. Nottinghamshire Police First Law Enforcement Agency to Deploy ForensicSoft in United Kingdom
8. BIO-key(R) Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Sale of Law Enforcement Division
9. BIO-key(R) Shareholders Overwhelmingly Approve Sale of Law Enforcement Division
10. Scientists find community involvement, not only enforcement, drives success of marine reserves
11. Boost ivory trade monitoring and enforcement before allowing one-off sales: UBC researcher
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Law enforcement vital for great ape survival
(Date:4/6/2017)... LONDON , April 6, 2017 ... Control, RFID, ANPR, Document Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & ... Energy Facility, Oil, Gas & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear ... Healthcare, Educational, Other) Are you looking for ... Authentication sector? ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... , April 5, 2017 Today HYPR ... that the server component of the HYPR platform is ... providing the end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication ... HYPR has already secured over 15 million users across ... manufacturers of connected home product suites and physical access ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... NEW YORK , April 4, 2017   ... solutions, today announced that the United States Patent and ... The patent broadly covers the linking of an iris ... the same transaction) and represents the company,s 45 th ... our latest patent is very timely given the multi-modal ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... Pa. , April 26, 2017  Genisphere ... delivery platform, has signed a collaborative and sponsored ... Dr. Silvia Muro . The overall goal ... and pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and formulations ... involve targeting diseases of the vasculature as well ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... of L3 Healthcare, is pleased to announce the company is now a certified ... The iMedNet software certification enables the company’s clinical research team to build, ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... Gatos, California (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 ... ... business, Analytical Services and Metrology Partners.     , Covalent’s Analytical Services unit ... Most samples can be measured within 24 hours of receipt. There are no ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... 2017  Dante Labs announced today the offer of whole ... $900). While American individuals have been able to access WGS ... access WGS below EUR 1,000. The sequencing includes ... information to make informed decisions about disease monitoring, prevention, nutrition, ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology: