Navigation Links
LSU professors work to improve efficiency of ethanol fuel
Date:8/13/2007

BATON ROUGE Lowering fuel emission levels is a topic facing constant scrutiny by the global public. Rising gas costs, environmental concerns and conflicts in oil-producing areas have made consumers, corporations and researchers more than curious about the potential of alternative, or green, fuels, such as ethanol.

James Spivey, McLaurin Shivers professor of chemical engineering at LSU, and Challa Kumar, group leader of nanofabrication at LSUs Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices, or CAMD, are working diligently with partners from across the nation to make ethanol fuel an efficient reality.

Together with Clemson University and Oak Ridge National Laboratories, the researchers received $2.9 million in funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, or DOE, and its cost-sharing partner, Conoco-Phillips, the third-largest integrated energy company in the nation.

Were working with our project partners to produce ethanol from a coal-derived syngas, a mixture of primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The United States has tremendous reserves of coal, but converting it to affordable, clean fuels is a challenge one that we are addressing in this DOE-funded project, said Spivey. Because ethanol is a liquid, it can be more easily distributed to the end user than gaseous hydrogen. It can be converted into a hydrogen-rich gas at the point of use, such as a fuel cell. The net result is clean energy produced from a domestic resource.

James Goodwin, chairman of the chemical and biomolecular engineering department at Clemson, and David Bruce, associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Clemson, are using advanced computational methods to identify new catalysts and test them with techniques such as isotopic labeling.

LSU doctoral students Femi Egbebi and Nachal Subramanian are carrying out research with Spivey in the preparation and testing of these catalysts, determining which ones produce the desired results.

Steve Overbury and Viviane Schwarz at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory will test new catalysts with their specialized equipment while Joe Allison and Vis Viswanathan at Conoco-Phillips will analyze the costs and commercial potential of the overall process.

Kumar is in charge of designing and synthesizing novel nano-structured catalysts using wet-chemical synthesis capabilities available at CAMD in addition to utilizing synchrotron radiation-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy tools. Nanomaterials having unique core-shell architecture that are currently under development at CAMD are anticipated to enhance ethanol production significantly.

It is CAMDs vision to be in the forefront of development of nanomaterials for a broad range of applications ranging from catalysis to medical diagnosis and therapy, said Kumar.

The DOE is definitely interested in seeing a commercial project come out of this, said Spivey. Our project team is committed to making this happen. A successful project will help show that LSU is focused on research that makes sense for the environment and for our country.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ashley Berthelot
aberth4@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. K-State professors discover enzyme responsible for creation of a beetles hard shell
2. Professors to develop hand-held pathogen testing device
3. Adding Radiation Therapy To Chemotherapy Improves Survival In Patients With High-risk Breast Cancer
4. Emory Study Tests Bone Marrow Stem Cells to Improve Circulation in Legs
5. Improved Outcomes Releases GeneLinker(TM) Gold and Platinum Version 4.6
6. Discovery of key proteins shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
7. Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells
8. Vascular structure and function improve with diet and exercise
9. Scientists discuss improved biopesticides for locust control in West Africa
10. Bevacizumab Combined With Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival for Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer
11. Product improves peptide identification for proteomics research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/25/2017)... NEW YORK , Jan. 25, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... and Access Management (IAM) lifecycle is comprised of ... infrastructure for the purpose of maintaining digital identities ... enterprise resources and applications. There are significant number ... compliance from time to time by optimizing processes ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... Jan. 23, 2017  The latest mobile market research ... have dropped dramatically. The quarterly average price of a ... $276 in Q4 2016.  There are now 120 sub-$150 ... $116, up from just 28 a year ago at ... to Maxine Most , Acuity Market Intelligence Principal, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... CLARA, Calif. , Jan. 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... company enhancing user experience and security for consumer ... of next-generation payment processing systems and cybersecurity solutions, ... more banks, enterprises and financial institutions worldwide to ... part of the end-to-end secure user authentication platforms ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... USARAD ... company announces at HIMSS 2017 Annual Conference (Orlando, FL) a world-wide distribution ... a global cloud-based sharing and collaboration platform as part of the Siemens ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... PuraCath Medical, ... with peritoneal dialysis, announced today that it has published the result of its ... Peritoneal Dialysis International (PDI), the official Journal of the International Society for ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ORLANDO, Fla. , Feb. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... (HIMSS) conference in Orlando , ... new offerings, collaborators and clients. IBM Chairman, President ... the HIMSS17 opening keynote address today from 8:30-10 ... www.ibm.com/watson/health , and ibm.com/industries/healthcare. Her remarks examine ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... ... February 19, 2017 , ... Expanding Portfolio to Include ... weighing equipment with the goal of expanding the reach of its quality and ... Starter water analysis meters were introduced into the market in 2014. , The ...
Breaking Biology Technology: