Navigation Links
LEDs shine in bedding plant production study

WEST LAFAYETTE, IN Growers of annual bedding plant seedlings or plugs work to produce compact, fully rooted transplants with a large stem diameter and high root dry mass--qualities that make seedlings less susceptible to damage during shipping and transplant. To achieve these desirable qualities, greenhouse growers in northern latitudes must rely on supplemental lighting from high-pressure sodium lamps during winter months. A new study shows that light-emitting diodes (LEDs) can give greenhouse growers other lighting options that produce favorable results.

Previously, the only way for producers to substantially increase ambient greenhouse was to provide supplemental lighting from high-intensity discharge lights--most commonly high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps. HPS lamps have drawbacks, however; they are only about 25% to 30% efficient, and have limited lifespans. Another disadvantage is the high levels of radiant heat energy produced by high-pressure sodium lamps; up to 75% of the energy from HPS lamps that is not converted to light is emitted as radiant heat energy, causing the surface of the lamps to reach temperatures as high as 450C. To prevent leaves from scorching from exposure to the high heat, plants must be separated from the HPS lamps.

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) can offer growers benefits such as higher energy efficiencies and a longer operating life. To determine whether the use of narrow-spectra high-intensity LEDs is can be a practicable supplemental lighting source for greenhouse grown annual bedding plant seedlings, researchers Wesley Randall and Roberto Lopez from Purdue University designed a series of lighting experiments on plugs of Antirrhinum, Catharanthus, Celosia, Impatiens, Pelargonium, Petunia, Tagetes, Salvia, and Viola.

Results showed that the height of Catharanthus, Celosia, Impatiens, Petunia, Tagetes, Salvia, and Viola was 31%, 29%, 31%, 55%, 20%, 9%, and 35% shorter, respectively, for seedlings grown under 85:15 red:blue LEDs compared with those grown under high-pressure sodium lamps. Stem caliper of Antirrhinum, Pelargonium, and Tagetes was 16%, 8%, and 13% larger, respectively, for seedlings grown under the 85:15 red:blue LEDs compared with seedlings grown under HPS lamps. The quality index was significantly higher for Petunia, Salvia, and Viola under 85:15, 70:30, and 100:0 red:blue LEDs than under HPS lamps, respectively. Overall, the results indicate that seedling quality for the majority of the species tested under supplemental light LEDs providing both red and blue light was similar or higher than those grown under high-pressure sodium lamps.

"Our results indicate that providing supplemental lighting from LEDs or high-pressure sodium lamps has a positive influence on seedling root dry mass, height, and stem caliper leading to high-quality bedding plant seedlings when solar light is limited," Lopez and Randall noted. "A light ratio of 85:15 red:blue light could be a good combination for greenhouse LED supplemental lighting of bedding plant plugs. However, it is important to remember that although blue LEDs have a higher electrical conversion efficiency compared with red LEDs, blue light is a higher energy light, which increases energy consumption as higher proportions of blue are used."


Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Related biology news :

1. New study shines light on barriers to diabetes care in NYC Bangladeshi community
2. Tiny probes shine brightly to reveal the location of targeted tissues
3. Sunshine, biofuel and the tides, oh my!
4. Greenphire CEO Sam Whitaker speaks on Sunshine Act and Clinical Trial Payments
5. Shiner Beers launches nationwide support of TGen diabetes studies
6. Researchers shine light on how stress circuits learn
7. Scientists shine light on worlds least-studied bat
8. Rice synthetic biologists shine light on genetic circuit analysis
9. Work shines light on Hox genes responsible for firefly lantern development
10. National AOA Research Fellowship will help shine light on skin cancer
11. Researcher shines light on the search for new drugs
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/16/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Nov 16, 2015 ... leading developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... new Synaptics TouchView ™ touch controller and ... the architectural revolution of smartphones. These new TDDI ... and include TD4100 (HD resolution), TD4302 (WQHD resolution), ...
(Date:11/12/2015)... Mass. , Nov. 12, 2015  Arxspan ... Institute of MIT and Harvard for use of ... discovery information management tools. The partnership will support ... both biological and chemical research information internally and ... will be used for managing the Institute,s electronic ...
(Date:11/11/2015)... 2015   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based eClinical ... is pleased to announce that it will be a Sponsor ... event, to be held November 17-19 in Hamburg ... demonstrations of iMedNet , MedNet,s easy-to-use, proven ... has been able to deliver time and cost savings ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Global Stem Cells Group announced that its scientific ... for isolating adipose-derived stem cells. The announcement starts a new phase toward launching the ... a component of the lipoaspirate obtained from liposuction of excess adipose tissue. , ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... ... Global Stem Cells Group announced the opening of a new core patient care hub ... northern Chile. The facilities are part of GSCG’s expansion efforts in Latin America. , ... cell medicine to patients from around the world. , The clinics will be headed by ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... MONTREAL , Dec. 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: ... that it has joined the American Business Act on Climate ... economy that are standing with the Obama Administration to demonstrate ... for a strong outcome to the COP21 Paris ... . --> Sarnia, Canada . ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015  Culprits beware, ... assistant chemistry professor Jan Halámek, is taking crime ...   --> ...   --> --> ... UAlbany have discovered a straightforward concept for identifying ...
Breaking Biology Technology: