Navigation Links
Killer silk: Making silk fibers that kill anthrax and other microbes in minutes
Date:3/14/2012

A simple, inexpensive dip-and-dry treatment can convert ordinary silk into a fabric that kills disease-causing bacteria even the armor-coated spores of microbes like anthrax in minutes, scientists are reporting in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. They describe a range of potential uses for this new killer silk, including make-shift curtains and other protective coatings that protect homes and other buildings in the event of a terrorist attack with anthrax.

Rajesh R. Naik and colleagues explain that in adverse conditions, bacteria of the Bacillus species, which includes anthrax, become dormant spores, enclosing themselves in a tough coating. These spores can survive heat, radiation, antibiotics and harsh environmental conditions, and some have sprung back to life after 250 million years. Certain chemicals most popular among which are oxidizing agents, including some chlorine compounds can destroy bacterial spores, and they have been applied to fabrics like cotton, polyester, nylon and Kevlar. These treated fabrics are effective against many bacteria, but less so against spores. The researchers tried a similar coating on silk to see if it could perform better against these hardy microbes.

They developed a chlorinated form of silk, which involves soaking silk in a solution that includes a substance similar to household bleach and letting it dry. Silk treated for just an hour killed essentially all of the E. coli bacteria tested on it within 10 minutes and did similarly well against spores of a close anthrax relative used as a stand-in. "Given the potent bactericidal and sporicidal activity of the chlorinated silk fabrics prepared in this study, silk-Cl materials may find use in a variety of applications," the authors say. Other applications, they add, include purifying water in humanitarian relief efforts and in filters or to mitigate the effects of toxic substances.


'/>"/>
Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. T. Rexs killer smile revealed
2. What do killer whales eat in the Arctic?
3. Dinosaurs with killer claws yield new theory about flight
4. Scientific sleuths pinpoint the guilty coral killers
5. Antarctic killer whales may seek spa-like relief in the tropics
6. From mild-mannered to killer plague
7. Paternity testing helps fill in family tree for Puget Sounds killer whales
8. How killer immune cells avoid killing themselves
9. Scientists track evolution and spread of deadly fungus, one of the worlds major killers
10. NOAA scientists find killer whales in Antarctic waters prefer weddell seals over other prey
11. Natural (born) killers: What do they really do?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/21/2017)... PORTLAND, Ore. , Feb. 22, 2017  IBM ... Companies (Avamere Health Services, Infinity Rehab, Signature Hospice, Home ... that will apply the power of IBM cognitive computing ... health centers. By analyzing data streaming from sensors in ... physical and environmental conditions, and obtain deeper learnings into ...
(Date:2/14/2017)... 14, 2017  Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today ... chief executive officer (CEO). Freischlag joins the medical center ... McConnell , M.D., who last year announced that he ... Center, after leading it since 2008.   ... Wake Forest Baptist,s academic health system, which includes Wake ...
(Date:2/10/2017)... DUBLIN , Feb 10, 2017 ... PharmaBiotech,s new report "Personalized Medicine - Scientific and Commercial ... ... in personalized medicine. Diagnosis is integrated with therapy for selection ... emphasis on early detection and prevention of disease in modern ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... NEW YORK , March 24, 2017 ... Composite ended the trading session at 5,817.69, down 0.07%; ... finish at 20,656.58; and the S&P 500 closed at ... session as 4 sectors closed in green, 4 sectors ... the day. This Friday, Stock-Callers.com has initiated reports coverage ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u is proud to announce it has become the premiere team-building cooking event ... companies around the world, such as Illumina, HP and Qualcomm, and is ranked #1 in ... popularity is due to its new team building format, a way for teams to not ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  GlobeImmune, Inc. today announced it ... sale of 12,835,490 shares of its common stock to ... companies. In connection with the sale of its common stock, ... and issue to GlobeImmune 200,000 shares, an estimated $2.0 ... "We are pleased to enter into this strategic ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... NEW YORK , March 23, 2017 ... ... causes of death, putting significant strain on health care systems, ... of cancer diagnoses rises, so too does the development of ... with minimum side effects. Among the many types of cancer ...
Breaking Biology Technology: