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Key to using local resources for biomass may include waste
Date:3/17/2008

able biomass resources, including MSW, are comprised of lignocellulosic materials. These materials are more difficult to convert to traditional biofuels than grain crops. A concerted research and development effort is necessary for these complex feedstocks to become cost-competitive with petroleum fuels.

The report also identifies an important opportunity for development of new chemical processes that convert the lignocellusic biomass to bio-crude. Biocrude, with appropriate upgrading, can be directly substituted for petroleum at regional refineries. The report also describes approaches that use chemical processes to convert biomass to gasoline and to diesel fuels that are compatible with existing vehicles and the current fuel distribution systems. These approaches better leverage the existing fuels infrastructure.

A new look at conversion technologies can give the region a chance to leapfrog from the existing suite of biofuels technologies to the next generation of biofuels that work with todays vehicles and gas stations, said Stiles. The technologies developed here can also be successfully used in other regions of the country to provide biofuels for our nation.

Biofuels will be part of the solution to reducing Americas dependence on imported oil while transitioning to a renewable energy base -- but they arent the only solution, according to Davis.

We must substantially advance all potential solutions -- from energy efficiency and conservation to demand-side management and carbon capture -- if were going to get to the rate and scale needed to reduce dependence on imported oil while reducing carbon emissions.


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Contact: Christy Lambert
christy.lambert@pnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

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