Navigation Links
Island biodiversity in danger of total submersion with climate change
Date:11/13/2013

Sea level rise caused by global warming can prove extremely destructive to island habitats, which hold about 20% of the world's biodiversity. Research by C. Bellard, C. Leclerc and F. Courchamp of the University of Paris Sud look at 3 possible scenarios, from optimistic to very pessimistic, to bring attention to the dangers in store for some of the richest biodiversity hotspots worldwide. The study was published in the open access journal Nature Conservation.

Despite climate change having received considerable attention in recent years, no global assessment of the consequences of sea rising is available for island ecosystems. Yet those are amongst the regions most vulnerable to potential sea level rise, which in their case would cause a direct reduction of habitat.

Several recent studies strongly suggest that sea levels will rise substantially until the end of the century, with estimates ranging from 0.5 m to 2.3 m increase. Worst case scenarios of ice sheet melting and sliding lead to estimates of sea-level rise of the worrying 4 to 6 m. Such increases could lead to the immersion of very large proportions of many islands with low elevation. In many cases, sea level rise may lead to their total submersion, wiping out completely self-contained ecosystems and their inhabitants .

The study uses the 1,269 islands from different areas that France harbored, out of which, New Caledonia and French Polynesia are found to be the most vulnerable to sea level rise. The French maritime domain is ranked as the second most important in the world, these islands in total holding a large proportion of the world's biodiversity. Research shows that 5% of the number of islands could be permanently inundated under an increase of sea level by 1 meter. This figure dramatically rises to 8% and 11%, in the more pessimistic scenarios, respectively, for 2 and 3 meters of sea level rise. Assuming that French islands are representative of worldwide islands, roughly 10,800 islands could be entirely lost in the 1 meter scenario, the most optimistic one.

For the New Caledonia hotspot, under the worst scenario, up to 6.8 % of the islands could be half submerged. Speaking in terms of biodiversity loss, this indicates endemic plant species that are already at risk of extinction will be the most vulnerable to sea level rise.

"Losses of insular habitats will thus be relatively important in the future, probably leading to a major impoverishment of insular biodiversity. Given the implications of these results, decision makers are required to define island conservation priorities that accounts for sea level rise following climate change."comments the lead author Dr. C. Bellard.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. C. Bellard
celine.bellard@u-psud.fr
33-666-813-571
Pensoft Publishers
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Pacific islands may become refuge for corals in a warming climate, study finds
2. 24 new species of lizards discovered on Caribbean islands are close to extinction
3. Global warming refuge discovered near at-risk Pacific island nation of Kiribati
4. UF to establish Faroe Island research center with help of baseball star
5. Big-mouthed babies drove the evolution of giant island snakes
6. Rubbing boulders, fossil mammal teeth, barrier islands, and a change in volcanic behavior
7. Rhode Island Hospital: Adult entertainment workers likely to benefit from health care intervention
8. The amazing amphibians and reptiles of the Philippine island Luzon
9. Sri Lankan snake study reveals new species, rich biodiversity in island country
10. Sea level rise: Jeopardy for terrestrial biodiversity on islands
11. EU-funded study underlines importance of Congo Basin for global climate and biodiversity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Island biodiversity in danger of total submersion with climate change
(Date:2/3/2016)... Feb. 3, 2016 ... of the "Emotion Detection and Recognition ... and Others), Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice ... Users,and Regions - Global forecast to 2020" ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has announced the ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... Feb. 2, 2016 Checkpoint Inhibitors for ... Market Are you interested in the future ... for checkpoint inhibitors. Visiongain,s report gives those predictions ... and national level. Avoid falling behind in ... opportunities and revenues those emerging cancer therapies can ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , Feb. 2, 2016 ... diabetic retinopathy market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes US-based ... North America Frost & Sullivan Award for New ... technology provider in North America ... standard in the rapidly growing diabetic retinopathy market. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... HOLLOWAY AMERICA, a leading custom ... Rocky Mountain Chapter 21st Annual Vendor Exhibition on Thursday, February 18, 2016. The ... for its annual event, which will run from 3:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... SonaCare ... training and support program, Sonalink™ remote monitoring. The inaugural launch of this new ... February 5th, connecting Dr. Samuel Peretsman to a HIFU technical expert at SonaCare ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Curoverse announced today that ... Arvados provides capabilities for managing and processing genomic and health data at petabyte ... institutions collecting and analyzing genomic data,” said Adam Berrey chief executive officer at ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Jolla CA (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... new agents for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, announced today it has been selected ... February 18th at the Breakers in Palm Beach, Florida. The purpose of the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: