Navigation Links
Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers find the mechanism that forms cell-to-cell catch bonds
Date:6/5/2014

AMES, Iowa Certain bonds connecting biological cells get stronger when they're tugged. Those bonds could help keep hearts together and pumping; breakdowns of those bonds could help cancer cells break away and spread.

Those bonds are known as catch bonds and they're formed by common adhesion proteins called cadherins. Sanjeevi Sivasankar, an Iowa State University assistant professor of physics and astronomy and an associate of the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, has described catch bonds as "nanoscale seatbelts. They become stronger when pulled."

But how does that happen? How can bonds get stronger under force?

Sivasankar and his research team have found long-lived, force-induced hydrogen bonds are the answer. A paper describing their findings, "Resolving the molecular mechanism of cadherin catch bond formation," has just been published online by Nature Communications.

Sivasankar is the corresponding author. Co-authors are Kristine Manibog, an Iowa State graduate student in physics and astronomy and a student associate of the Ames Laboratory; Hui Li, of the Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Suzhou New District, China; and Sabyasachi Rakshit, of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research in Mohali, India. Li and Rakshit are former postdoctoral researchers in Sivasankar's laboratory.

The team's research was supported by grants from the American Cancer Society and the American Heart Association.

Sivasankar said strong cell-to-cell bonds are important to heart health and fighting cancer. He said the bonds connecting heart cells have to withstand constant mechanical forces. And, in some cancers, he said bonds no longer resist forces, allowing cancer cells to detach and spread.

To find the mechanism behind the strong ties created by catch bonds, Sivasankar's research team began with molecular dynamics and steered molecular dynamics computer simulations based on data from previous experiments. They found that two rod-shaped cadherins bound together in an X-shape (called an X-dimer) form catch bonds when pulled and in the presence of calcium ions.

The calcium ions keep the cadherins rigid and ordered while the pulling brings parts of the proteins closer together. All of that allows a series of hydrogen bonds to form. These long-lived, force-induced hydrogen bonds lock the X-dimers into tighter contact.

Sivasankar said the researchers followed up the simulations with single-molecule experiments using atomic force microscopy. The experiments confirmed that cadherin X-dimers, when pulled and exposed to high calcium ion concentrations, formed catch bonds. Take away the force or the calcium ions, and catch bond formation was eliminated.

All of this, Sivasankar said, helps explain the biophysics of cell-to-cell adhesion. And that's important to all of us.

"Robust cadherin adhesion," the researchers wrote in their paper, "is essential for maintaining the integrity of tissue such as the skin, blood vessels, cartilage and muscle that are exposed to continuous mechanical assault."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sanjeevi Sivasankar
sivasank@iastate.edu
515-294-1220
Iowa State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers invent new tool to study single biological molecules
2. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers study the structure of drug resistance in tuberculosis
3. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers find 3 unique cell-to-cell bonds
4. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
5. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
6. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
7. UNH researchers find African farmers need better climate change data to improve farming practices
8. Ottawa researchers to lead world-first clinical trial of stem cell therapy for septic shock
9. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
10. Researchers print live cells with a standard inkjet printer
11. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers find the mechanism that forms cell-to-cell catch bonds
(Date:3/22/2017)... Lithuania , March 21, 2017   ... and object recognition technologies, today announced the release ... kit (SDK), which provides improved facial recognition using ... cameras on a single computer. The new version ... to improve accuracy, and it utilizes a Graphing ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Calif. , March 21, 2017 ... analytics company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today the ... as director of public safety business development. ... diversified law enforcement experience, including a focus on the ... In his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served as ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... 20, 2017 PMD Healthcare announces the release ... Wellness Management System (WMS), a remote, real-time lung health ... PMD Healthcare is a Medical Device, Digital Health, and ... to creating innovative solutions that empower people to improve ... focus, PMD developed the first ever personal spirometer, Spiro ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... Alto, CA, USA (PRWEB) , ... April 26, ... ... popular seminar on FDA’s GMP expectations for phase I clinical trials comes to ... attended by various biotechnology and pharma professionals representing FDA regulated organizations such as ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... , April 26, 2017  Genisphere LLC, ... platform, has signed a collaborative and sponsored research ... Silvia Muro . The overall goal of ... pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and formulations after ... targeting diseases of the vasculature as well as ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... 25, 2017 , ... Dr. Robert G. Schwartz, the principal ... today that acclaimed physiatrist Matthew Terzella, MD, has joined the practice as a ... Terzella completed his residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... DENVER, COLORADO (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 ... ... Manufacturing. Awards recognized outstanding manufactures in 10 categories with over 30 nominees and ... Women in Manufacturing presented the new award and the event was hosted by ...
Breaking Biology Technology: