Navigation Links
Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists aid study of mutated plants that may be better for biofuels
Date:2/28/2012

AMES, Iowa Genetic mutations to cellulose in plants could improve the conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels, according to a research team that included two Iowa State University chemists.

The team recently published its findings in the online early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Mei Hong, an Iowa State professor of chemistry and an associate of the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, and Tuo Wang, an Iowa State graduate student in chemistry, contributed their expertise in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to the study.

The study was led by Seth DeBolt, an associate professor of horticulture at the University of Kentucky in Lexington. Chris Somerville, the Philomathia Professor of Alternative Energy and director of the Energy Biosciences Institute at the University of California, Berkeley, is also a contributing author. The research project was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Energy.

Researchers studied Arabidopsis thaliana, a common model plant in research studies, and its cellulose synthase membrane complex that produces the microfibrils of cellulose that surround all plant cells and form the basic structure of plant cell walls.

These ribbons of cellulose are made of crystallized sugars. The crystal structure makes it difficult for enzymes to break down the cellulose to the sugars that can be fermented into alcohol for biofuels. And so DeBolt assembled a research team to see if genetic mutations in the plant membrane complex could produce what the researchers have called "wounded" cellulose that's not as crystalline and therefore easier to break down into sugar.

Hong, who had done previous studies of plant cell walls, used her lab's solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance technology to study the cell walls created by the mutated system. The goals were to collect as much information a
'/>"/>

Contact: Mei Hong
mhong@iastate.edu
515-294-3521
Iowa State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New Report Just Published: World Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers Market Report
2. Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists discover how antiviral drugs bind to and block flu virus
3. Discovery at JGH opens door to new treatments for prostate, brain and skin cancers
4. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers identify structure that allows bacteria to resist drugs
5. Montana State, partners in 6 states consider converting invasive plants to fuel
6. Iowa State, USDA researchers discover eye test for neurological diseases in livestock
7. Iowa State, Ames Lab researcher develops new way to study single biological molecules
8. AAAS honors Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers for distinguished science
9. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers describe the pump that bacteria use to resist drugs
10. Iowa State, Ames Lab researcher hunts for green catalysts
11. Missouri elk are being reintroduced in the wrong part of the state, MU anthropologist says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists aid study of mutated plants that may be better for biofuels
(Date:3/20/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/rswjb4/hand_geometry ) has ... Strategic Business Report" report to their offering. ... US$ Thousands. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the ... , Europe , Asia-Pacific ... World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for ...
(Date:3/17/2015)... , March 17, 2015 MedNet ... specializing in clinical study management systems, is pleased ... attendance at ARENA,s Outsourcing in Clinical Trials Southeast ... event provides an excellent forum for MedNet to ... and affordable software-as-a-service (SaaS) eClinical technology platform. ...
(Date:3/12/2015)... , March 12, 2015 The mascots of ... Children,s Hospital, part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. ... for the 2015 ACC Men,s Basketball Tournament. Young patients ... them and getting their autographs. Brenner Children,s ... It is the only children,s hospital in northwest ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 2Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 4Connect With MedNet Solutions At Outsourcing In Clinical Trials Southeast 2
... A joint study published in Cell by ... for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) and the Institute ... Dolf Weijers at the University of Wageningen, in the ... called auxins activate multiple vital plant functions through various ...
... This news release is available in German . ... the death of thousands of neurons in the brain. Nerve growth ... of the neurons; however, clinical tests with GDNF have not yielded ... Neurobiology in Martinsried and their colleagues have now succeeded in demonstrating ...
... of Vitamin A used by teenagers to combat acne might ... an international team of researchers have found that it may ... with autoimmune disorders or those who have received transplants. This ... Journal of Leukocyte Biology . "The ...
Cached Biology News:Scientists unveil a molecular mechanism that controls plant growth and development 2Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration 2Parkinson gene: Nerve growth factor halts mitochondrial degeneration 3Vitamin A used in acne medicines may help autoimmune and transplant patients 2
(Date:3/27/2015)... , 27. März 2015  Peter ... in Biomedical Science für seine bahnbrechende Arbeit ... zwischen Zellkompartimenten transportiert werden, sowie für die ... zur Reaktion auf Stress nutzen, der mit ... Walter ist Professor für Biochemie an der ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... 27, 2015  Peter Walter was chosen as winner ... pioneering work on how proteins are transported between cellular ... mechanism that cells use to handle stress tied to ... professor of biochemistry at the University of California, San ... range of human diseases related to defective protein folding ...
(Date:3/27/2015)...  CASI Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: CASI ), a ... of innovative therapeutics addressing cancer and other unmet medical ... on China , today reported financial ... 31, 2014.  The Company reported a ... for the three months ended December 31, 2014.  This ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... (PRWEB) March 26, 2015 PRC Clinical, ... announced today several management and executive appointments effective immediately. ... Financial Officer (CFO) and member of the Board of ... Business Operations, and Sue Dowden will assume the position ... and current Chief Operations Officer (COO), has been appointed ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Deutschstämmiger Zellbiologe Peter Walter gewinnt den Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2015 2Deutschstämmiger Zellbiologe Peter Walter gewinnt den Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2015 3Deutschstämmiger Zellbiologe Peter Walter gewinnt den Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2015 4German-born cell biologist Peter Walter wins the 2015 Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2German-born cell biologist Peter Walter wins the 2015 Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 3CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 3CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 4CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 5CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 6PRC Clinical Announces Key Management Appointments and Launches East Coast Operations 2PRC Clinical Announces Key Management Appointments and Launches East Coast Operations 3
... ... and cytokine-related research tips and information. , ... Piscataway, NJ (PRWEB) May 20, 2010 -- ... the world’s leading interferon expert for life science researchers, has launched a revamped ...
... , CAMBRIDGE, Mass. , May 19 Idenix Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... the 2010 Citi Annual Global Health Care Conference on Wednesday, May 26, 2010 ... New York City and at the Jefferies 2010 Global Life Sciences Conference on ... Hyatt hotel, New York City . , ...
... May 19, 2010 Amsterdam Molecular,Therapeutics (EuroNext Amsterdam: AMT), ... non-audited business update in compliance with,the EU transparency directive. This report ... 2010. , , Q1 2010 Highlights, ... - Dossier validated by EMA on January 20, 2010, ...
Cached Biology Technology:Web Resource for Interferon Research 2Idenix Pharmaceuticals to Present at Two Upcoming Investor Conferences 2AMT Provides Business Update for the First Quarter 2010 2AMT Provides Business Update for the First Quarter 2010 3
...
... The new IKATUBE ULTRA TURRAX Tube Disperser ... closed homogenizing system. It offers a cleaner, safer, ... IKATUBE system processes sample volumes from 2 to ... sample type, researchers can choose one of 4 ...
...
... Triple-angle light scattering detector for ... digital signal processing hardware for two ... UV detectors. Also contains an analog ... interfacing to strip chart recorders. Includes ...
Biology Products: