Navigation Links
Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists aid study of mutated plants that may be better for biofuels
Date:2/28/2012

AMES, Iowa Genetic mutations to cellulose in plants could improve the conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels, according to a research team that included two Iowa State University chemists.

The team recently published its findings in the online early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Mei Hong, an Iowa State professor of chemistry and an associate of the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, and Tuo Wang, an Iowa State graduate student in chemistry, contributed their expertise in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to the study.

The study was led by Seth DeBolt, an associate professor of horticulture at the University of Kentucky in Lexington. Chris Somerville, the Philomathia Professor of Alternative Energy and director of the Energy Biosciences Institute at the University of California, Berkeley, is also a contributing author. The research project was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Energy.

Researchers studied Arabidopsis thaliana, a common model plant in research studies, and its cellulose synthase membrane complex that produces the microfibrils of cellulose that surround all plant cells and form the basic structure of plant cell walls.

These ribbons of cellulose are made of crystallized sugars. The crystal structure makes it difficult for enzymes to break down the cellulose to the sugars that can be fermented into alcohol for biofuels. And so DeBolt assembled a research team to see if genetic mutations in the plant membrane complex could produce what the researchers have called "wounded" cellulose that's not as crystalline and therefore easier to break down into sugar.

Hong, who had done previous studies of plant cell walls, used her lab's solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance technology to study the cell walls created by the mutated system. The goals were to collect as much information a
'/>"/>

Contact: Mei Hong
mhong@iastate.edu
515-294-3521
Iowa State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New Report Just Published: World Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers Market Report
2. Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists discover how antiviral drugs bind to and block flu virus
3. Discovery at JGH opens door to new treatments for prostate, brain and skin cancers
4. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers identify structure that allows bacteria to resist drugs
5. Montana State, partners in 6 states consider converting invasive plants to fuel
6. Iowa State, USDA researchers discover eye test for neurological diseases in livestock
7. Iowa State, Ames Lab researcher develops new way to study single biological molecules
8. AAAS honors Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers for distinguished science
9. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers describe the pump that bacteria use to resist drugs
10. Iowa State, Ames Lab researcher hunts for green catalysts
11. Missouri elk are being reintroduced in the wrong part of the state, MU anthropologist says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Iowa State, Ames Lab chemists aid study of mutated plants that may be better for biofuels
(Date:7/11/2014)... The Chinese University of Hong Kong, BGI and other ... to salt tolerance, with implication for improving this important ... online in Nature Communications provides an effective ... , Soybean is an important crop for the world. ... less genetic diversities than their wild counterparts. Among the ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... group members to reduce aggression and gain access to ... grooming activities shows a certain pattern across the day. ... Biology Letters . , Grooming between individuals in ... motives. To be groomed has hygienic benefits and is ... can provide access to infants, mating opportunities and high ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Ume University, Sweden, have explored two different ways ... sequence leading to the formation of oxygen molecules ... in the scientific journal Nature Communications . ... day synthetic catalysts for water oxidation, which are ... the direct storage of solar energy in fuels ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):BGI reports a novel gene for salt tolerance found in wild soybean 2Baboons groom early in the day to get benefits later 2Molecular snapshots of oxygen formation in photosynthesis 2
... Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT ) has been ... of the Year" by Frost and Sullivan, recognizing the ... high levels of customer value. "Lockheed ... that play an important role our customer,s law enforcement ...
... Nitrogen is essential for plant growth. Despite the abundance ... must rely on a series of chemical reactions to ... forms. Plants have achieved this goal primarily by evolving ... nitrogen, plants, and the environment are the focus of ...
... Has a bone density scan placed you at risk ... bone-building medication? Not so fast! A University of Illinois study ... dietary calcium and vitamin D or taking calcium and vitamin ... be a last resort," said Karen Chapman-Novakofski, a U of ...
Cached Biology News:Lockheed Martin Named Biometrics "Company of the Year" by Frost and Sullivan 2Book looks at interrelationships among nitrogen, plants and the environment 2U of I study: Before you start bone-building meds, try dietary calcium and supplements 2U of I study: Before you start bone-building meds, try dietary calcium and supplements 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... 10, 2014  Franciscan St. Anthony Health-Crown ... for respiratory monitoring outside the operating room, ... in embracing state-of-the-art patient safety technology. ... breathing and can alert medical caregivers when ... amount of carbon dioxide the patient is ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... -- Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/s3bqj2/photonic ) has ... Integrated Circuit (Monolithic Integration, Hybrid Integration, Module Integration) ... their offering. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... traces its roots in the latter half of ... went unexplored and unfulfilled for several decades owing ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... microscopic polymer light resonators that expand in the ... Photonics Laboratory have developed new optical sensors with ... sensors are ideal for detecting trace gas concentrations ... nature, and immunity to electromagnetic interference. , Although ... the MIT team conceived an extremely sensitive, compact ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... that power our laptops and electric vehicles could store ... with the help of a sponge-like silicon material. ... graphite traditionally used in one of the battery,s electrodes, ... storage capacity of graphite. A paper describing the material,s ... in Nature Communications . , "Silicon has long ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Franciscan St. Anthony Health-Crown Point Underscores Patient Safety Commitment Through Expanded Use of Capnography 2International Photonic Integrated Circuit (Monolithic Integration, Hybrid Integration, Module Integration) Market - Forecasts to 2019 2Swell new sensors 2Silicon sponge improves lithium-ion battery performance 2Silicon sponge improves lithium-ion battery performance 3
Performance, mycoplasma, virus, and endotoxin tested...
... 10X BlueJuice Gel Loading ... easy loading and tracking ... agarose or native polyacrylamide ... features higher density sucrose ...
... is the most effective ... PCR products. TOPO TA ... TOPO vectors are supplied ... topoisomerase I. This enables ...
ready-to-use solution...
Biology Products: