Navigation Links
Instances of mass die-offs in wild lions precipitated by extreme climate change
Date:7/2/2008

An international research team has published the first clear example of how climate extremes can create conditions in which diseases that are normally tolerated singly may converge and bring about mass die-offs in wildlife.

In a report issued June 25 by PLoS ONE, an online peer-reviewed research journal, researchers examined outbreaks of canine distemper virus (CDV) in 1994 and 2001 that resulted in unusually high mortality in Serengeti lions. CDV cycles periodically within the Serengeti ecosystem, and epidemics have occurred without effects on lion populations.

The study, led by scientists at the University of California, Davis, the University of Illinois, and the University of Minnesota, showed that both of the deadly CDV outbreaks were preceded by extreme drought conditions, which led to debilitated populations of Cape buffalo, the lion's prey. After the resumption of rains the buffalo suffered heavy tick infestations, resulting in high levels of a tick-borne blood parasite in the lion population, which in combination with CDV infection led to mass die-offs.

This study suggests that extreme climatic conditions, such as the more frequent droughts and floods expected with global warming, are capable of altering normal host-pathogen relationships and bringing about a "perfect storm" of multiple infectious outbreaks, potentially triggering epidemics with catastrophic mortality.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Karen Terio
kterio@illinois.edu
708-216-6183
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Domoic acid from toxic algal blooms may cause seizures in California sea lions
2. Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: UN experts
3. Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts
4. Nanoparticles assemble by millions to encase oil drops
5. Analysis of millions of US births shows association between birth defects and preterm birth
6. Living with lions
7. Study: diabetic neuropathy costs billions per year in lost work time
8. New Swedish research hope for millions of sufferers
9. New Delft material concept for aircraft wings could save billions
10. Extreme nausea and vomiting varies among pregnant women from different countries
11. Answering challenges of life in extreme environments research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016   Acuant , the leading ... has partnered with RightCrowd ® to ... Management, Self-Service Kiosks and Continuous Workforce Assurance. ... functional enhancements to existing physical access control ... with an automated ID verification and authentication ...
(Date:6/16/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO , June 16, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Market size is expected to reach USD ... report by Grand View Research, Inc. Technological proliferation ... and banking applications are expected to drive the ... ) , The development of ...
(Date:6/7/2016)... , June 7, 2016  Syngrafii Inc. and ... business relationship that includes integrating Syngrafii,s patented LongPen™ ... project. This collaboration will result in greater convenience ... credit union, while maintaining existing document workflow and ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... 06, 2016 , ... Discovering new clues to natural treatments that could allow ... in our brains. And searching for keys to our immune systems by studying parasite-resistant ... the 2017 Edith and Peter O’Donnell Awards by The Academy of ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... Clinical ... it has acquired the assets of Theorem Clinical Research - Clinical Supplies ... clinical trial drug packaging, labeling, storage, reconciliation, and distribution for pharmaceutical trials ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 2016 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... pricing terms of its previously-announced cash tender offers ... price (excluding accrued and unpaid interest to, but ... fees and expenses related to the Offers) (the ... in the table below (collectively, the "Notes"). The ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... ... on discovery and development of precision treatments for neurodegenerative diseases, today announced ... disease (AD) inhibited the direct neurotoxic effect of prion-like forms of Amyloid ...
Breaking Biology Technology: