Navigation Links
Insecticides from genetically modified corn present in adjacent streams
Date:9/27/2010

In a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Cary Institute aquatic ecologist Dr. Emma Rosi-Marshall and colleagues report that streams throughout the Midwestern Corn Belt are receiving insecticidal proteins that originate from adjacent genetically modified crops. The protein enters streams through runoff and when corn leaves, stalks, and plant parts are washed into stream channels.

Genetically-modified plants are a mainstay of large-scale agriculture in the American Midwest, where corn is a dominant crop. In 2009, more than 85% of U.S. corn crops were genetically modified to repel pests and/or resist herbicide exposure. Corn engineered to release an insecticide that wards off the European corn borer, commonly referred to as Bt corn, comprised 63% of crops. The tissue of these plants has been modified to express insecticidal proteins, one of which is commonly known as Cry1Ab.

Following an assessment of 217 stream sites in Indiana, the paper's authors found dissolved Cry1Ab proteins from Bt corn present in stream water at nearly a quarter of the sites, including headwater streams. Eighty-six percent of the sampled sites contained corn leaves, husks, stalks, or cobs in their channels; at 13% of these sites corn byproducts contained detectable Cry1Ab proteins. The study was conducted six months after crop harvest, indicating that the insecticidal proteins in crop byproducts can persist in the landscape.

Using these data, U.S. Department of Agriculture land cover data, and GIS modeling, the authors found that all of the stream sites with detectable Cry1Ab insecticidal proteins were located within 500 meters of a corn field. Furthermore, given current agricultural land use patterns, 91% percent of the streams and rivers throughout Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana some 159,000 miles of waterwaysare also located within 500 meters of corn fields.

Rosi-Marshall comments, "Our research adds to the growing body of evidence that corn crop byproducts can be dispersed throughout a stream network, and that the compounds associated with genetically-modified crops, such as insecticidal proteins, can enter nearby water bodies."

After corn crops are harvested, a common agricultural practice is to leave discarded plant material on the fields. This "no-till" form of agriculture minimizes soil erosion, but it also sets the stage for corn byproducts to enter nearby stream channels.

Rosi-Marshall concludes, "The tight linkage between corn fields and streams warrants further research into how corn byproducts, including Cr1Ab insecticidal proteins, potentially impact non-target ecosystems, such as streams and wetlands." These corn byproducts may alter the health of freshwaters. Ultimately, streams that originate in the Corn Belt drain into the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lori M. Quillen
QuillenL@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x233
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. NIH funds development of resistance-breaking insecticides to reduce malaria transmission
2. Manatee subspecies genetically confirmed, but diversity challenge looms
3. Scientists find new evidence of genetically modified plants in the wild
4. Scientists find the first evidence of genetically modified plants in the wild
5. Woods noble rot fungus genetically decoded
6. Genetically reprogrammed HSV given systemically shrinks distant sarcomas
7. Genetically modified cell procedure may prove useful in treating kidney failure
8. UT Southwestern researchers use novel sperm stem-cell technique to produce genetically modified rats
9. Genetically engineered crops benefit many farmers, but the technology needs proper management to remain effective
10. Genetically engineered tobacco plant cleans up environmental toxin
11. Genetically-modified mice reveal another mechanism contributing to heart failure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Insecticides from genetically modified corn present in adjacent streams
(Date:4/24/2017)... 24, 2017 Janice Kephart , ... Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) , today issues ... President Trump,s March 6, 2017 Executive Order: ... vetting can be instilled with greater confidence, enabling ... all refugee applications are suspended by until at ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... SUNNYVALE, Calif. , April 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a ... prototype of a media edge server, the M820, which features the ... face recognition software provided by Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased ... and at the NAB show at the Las Vegas ... ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... UBM,s Advanced Design and Manufacturing event in ... and evolving technology through its 3D Printing and Smart ... the expo portion of the event and feature a ... on trending topics within 3D printing and smart manufacturing. ... will take place June 13-15, 2017 at the Jacob K. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... Do More with OHAUS ... from being a trusted supplier in the weighing industry, to extending its expertise across ... essays, enzyme reactions, immunoassays, hybridizations and more, allowing for its customers to ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... June 19, 2017 , ... As Vice President, Product Services, ... training, implementation, support, and client process and SOP development. , Mr. Guinter brings ... leadership roles for service providers and top-tier pharmaceuticals, and as an independent consultant ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... June 19, 2017 , ... Tunnell Consulting has been ... One of the biggest challenges faced by life sciences, biotech and pharmaceuticals companies today ... is Kati Abraham , who is well known in the industry and brings ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... Lexington, Massachusetts (PRWEB) , ... June 16, 2017 ... ... in medical device compliance and commercialization, has just announced two more sessions of ... of the series will focus on the world of online templates for design ...
Breaking Biology Technology: