Navigation Links
Influence of sex and handedness on brain is similar in capuchin monkeys and humans
Date:8/29/2007

Hiram, Ohio, August 29, 2007 Capuchin monkeys are playful, inquisitive primates known for their manual dexterity, complex social behavior, and cognitive abilities. New research now shows that just like humans, they display a fundamental sex difference in the organization of the brain, specifically in the corpus callosum, the region that connects the two cerebral lobes.

A recently published paper by Associate Professor of Psychology and Biology Kimberley A. Phillips (Hiram College), Chet C. Sherwood (George Washington University) and Alayna L. Lilak (Hiram College), reports finding both sex and handedness influences on the relative size of the corpus callosum. The researchers contribution appears in PLoS ONE, the online, open-access journal of the Public Library of Science. The paper can be read at: http://www.plosone.org/doi/pone.0000792.

In the study, thirteen adult capuchins underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain to determine the size of their corpus callosum, which is the major white matter tract connecting the left and right cerebral hemispheres. The monkeys were later given a task to determine hand preference. The authors results led them to conclude that, as in humans, male capuchins have a smaller relative size of the corpus callosum than females, and right-handed individuals have a smaller relative size of the corpus callosum than left-handed individuals.

As the two hemispheres show greater independence of function, the relative size of the corpus callosum is expected to be smaller. This has been documented in humans, and same pattern was found in capuchins. Phillips and her co-authors hypothesize their results are related to hemispheric specialization for complex foraging tasks that require the integration of motor actions and visuospatial information. In the wild, capuchin monkeys utilize both arboreal and terrestrial substrates and are also noted for being very adept at capturing small rapid prey, such as birds, lizards, and squirrels.

While such research frequently is associated with large research universities, Phillips says scientists at small liberal arts colleges such as Hiram often do not receive enough credit and, especially, for involving undergraduates, such as Lilak, in their work.

It is not where you are, Phillips says. It is the quality of the science, and scientists at small liberal arts colleges can and do conduct high-quality research. Undergraduates are an integral part of my research team - they participate in lab meetings, brainstorming, sharing ideas. They are colleagues in my lab. They just need a little more mentoring.


'/>"/>
Contact: Steve Love
lovesh@hiram.edu
330-569-5954
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Childrens taste sensitivity and food choices influenced by taste gene
2. Viral protein influences key cell-signaling pathway
3. Structure-building cell signals also may influence learning and memory
4. Aircraft Cabin Ventilation Influences The Transmission Of Diseases In-flight
5. NIH renews network focused on how genes influence drug responses
6. Toasty oat aroma influenced by presence of health-linked polyphenols
7. Phenotype is influenced by nature, nurture and noise
8. Genetic and environmental influences on alcohol consumption among rhesus monkeys
9. Executive monkeys influenced by other executives, not subordinates
10. Sex chromosome genes influence aggression andmaternal behavior, say UVa researchers
11. Sandia work launched on space shuttle shows live cells influence growth of nanostructures
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/18/2017)...  Socionext Inc., a global expert in SoC-based imaging and computing ... M820, which features the company,s hybrid codec technology. A demonstration utilizing ... Inc., will be showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan at Tokyo ... Las Vegas Convention Center April 24-27. ... Click here for an image ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Apr. 11, 2017 Research and Markets has ... report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at a CAGR of ... Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth ... market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... -- Today HYPR Corp. , leading innovator in ... the HYPR platform is officially FIDO® Certified . ... that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune 500 enterprises and ... 15 million users across the financial services industry, however ... suites and physical access represent a growing portion of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The 2017 Colorado ... with over 30 nominees and well as the first-year award for 2017 Manufacturing ... the event was hosted by CompanyWeek and Manufacturers Edge, among other sponsors. ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... Webster Bank, today announced first round funding to three startups through the UConn ... financial support to new business startups affiliated with UConn. , The UConn Innovation ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... Muncie, IN (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... year to 11 high school graduates from across the nation. The scholarships are created ... of AMA member dues. , Scholarship criteria are set by the AMA Scholarship Committee, ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Frederick ... a range of emerging technology-based businesses, recently earned a $77,518 grant from the ... , Founded in 2004, FITCI is Frederick’s first incubator. A non-profit corporation, FITCI ...
Breaking Biology Technology: