Navigation Links
Increase in visceral fat during menopause linked with testosterone
Date:8/20/2009

In middle-aged women, visceral fat, more commonly called belly fat, is known to be a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but what causes visceral fat to accumulate?

The culprit is likely not age, as is commonly believed, but the change in hormone balance that occurs during the menopause transition, according to researchers at Rush University Medical Center.

"Of all the factors we analyzed that could possibly account for the increase in visceral fat during this period in a woman's lifetime, levels of active testosterone proved to be the one most closely linked with abdominal fat," said Imke Janssen, PhD, assistant professor of preventive medicine and the study's lead investigator.

The study, which has been published early online in the medical journal Obesity, included 359 women in menopausal transition, ages 42 to 60, about half black and half white. Fat in the abdominal cavity was measured with CT scans, a more precise measurement than waist size. Blood tests were used to assess levels of testosterone and estradiol (the main form of estrogen). Medical histories covered other health factors possibly linked with an increase in visceral fat.

Statistical analyses showed that the level of "bioavailable" testosterone, or testosterone that is active in the body, was the strongest predictor of visceral fat.

A woman's age did not correlate significantly with the amount of visceral fat. Nor did race or other cardiovascular risk factors.

The level of estradiol also bore little relationship to the amount of visceral fat.

Visceral fat, surrounding internal organs around the waistline, is metabolically different from subcutaneous fat, which is fat located beneath the skin. Research has shown that visceral fat is a source of inflammation that contributes to premature atherosclerosis and risk of acute coronary syndrome.

The study's findings extend earlier research conducted by Janssen on testosterone's link with what is called the metabolic syndrome during the menopausal transition, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine in 2008. That study, examining women six years before and six years after their final menstrual period, found that the rise in metabolic syndrome a collection of risk factors for heart disease corresponded with the rise in testosterone activity.

"For many years, it was thought that estrogen protected premenopausal women against cardiovascular disease and that the increased cardiovascular risk after menopause was related only to the loss of estrogen's protective effect," said Janssen. "But our studies suggest that in women, it is the change in the hormonal balance specifically, the increase in active testosterone that is predominantly responsible for visceral fat, and for the increased risk of cardiovascular disease."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sharon Butler
Sharon_Butler@rush.edu
312-942-7816
Rush University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Increased climate volatility expected to worsen poverty vulnerability in developing countries
2. Severe breathing disorders during sleep are associated with an increased risk of dying
3. Inherited risk factors increase odds of developing childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
4. Moving to the US increases cancer risk for Hispanics
5. Wildfires set to increase 50 percent by 2050
6. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology increases impact, international reach
7. UT multimedia program increases middle school interest in science
8. New biomarker method could increase the number of diagnostic tests for cancer
9. Purple sweet potato means increased amount of anti-cancer components
10. Researcher finds Girl Scout meetings provide an opportunity to increase girls physical activity
11. The battle for CRTC2: How obesity increases the risk for diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/11/2017)... , Jan. 11, 2017 Intoxalock, a ... with the release of its patent-pending calibration device. With ... reliably perform calibrations, securely upload data logs and process ... the customer. "Fighting drunk driving through the ... the public at large, but also for the customer ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... 2017  Delta ID Inc., a leader in consumer-grade ... automotive at CES® 2017. Delta ID has collaborated with ... the use of iris scanning as a secure, reliable ... in a car, and as a way to elevate ... Delta ID and Gentex will demonstrate (booth #7326 ...
(Date:12/22/2016)... Dec. 20, 2016  As part of its longstanding mission ... personal genetics company, recently released its latest children,s book, titled ... book focuses on the topics of inheritance and variation of ... (NGSS) taught in elementary school classrooms in the US. ... by illustrator Ariana Killoran , whose previous book with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)...  On January 10 at the Medtech Showcase held ... Conference in San Francisco , ProclaRx ... to pharmaceutical leaders and public and private investors about ... and destroy biofilms.  Biofilms are a ... the body,s immune system from eradicating chronic infections. Infections with ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... , ... January 16, 2017 , ... ... the prestigious Tibbetts Award from the U.S. Small Business Administration. The ... created a significant economic or social impact […] and are considered the best of ...
(Date:1/14/2017)... -- The Alliance for Safe Biologic Medicines (ASBM) today issued ... guidance on biologic naming: We commend ... importance of distinct naming for all biologics, including biosimilars. ... will bring to patients, including new treatment options and ... the Guidance dealing with suffix design remains at odds ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... January 13, 2017 , ... Two Kalamazoo entrepreneurs have launched ... acid that farms, greenhouses and hydroponics operations use to increase yields and promote ... growing segments of customers using this high grade fulvic acid extracted from a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: