Navigation Links
Incentives for carbon sequestration may not protect species
Date:7/7/2008

CORVALLIS, Ore. Paying rural landowners in Oregon's Willamette Basin to protect at-risk animals won't necessarily mean that their newly conserved trees and plants will absorb more carbon from the atmosphere and vice versa, a new study has found.

The study, to be published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, analyzed hypothetical payments that were given to landowners to voluntarily take their acreage out of production for conservation. Scenarios conserving different types of land were also developed. The study then examined the relationship between the absorption of carbon, a contributor to global warming, by trees and plants and the protection of 37 different types of animals under each of these scenarios and payment schemes.

"The main thing we found is that if you want to conserve species, that policy might not be compatible with carbon sequestration," said co-author Andrew Plantinga, a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at Oregon State University. "On the other hand, if you want to get carbon out of the atmosphere, it's not clear that will be good for species."

He and seven others wrote the report: "Efficiency of Incentives to Jointly Increase Carbon Sequestration and Species Conservation on a Landscape."

The take-home message, he said, is this: "When you think about policies targeted to private landowners, government has to be careful about how it does this because it may achieve one objective but at the expense of something else."

The researchers created five scenarios in which different types of land were taken out of production in the Willamette Basin, which consists of a flat valley floor and the surrounding forested Coast and Cascade ranges. They applied three different budgets to each scenario. In the first budget, an entity (for example, the government or a land trust) had $1 million to give to landowners each year. The other annual budgets were for $5 million and $10 million.

In the first scenario, all landowners were eligible for the financial incentives. The result was that the precarious animals, which excluded fish and insects, increased as much or more than they did in the four other scenarios. Also, the amount of atmospheric carbon was about the same as it would have been if the landowner hadn't accepted payment.

In the second scenario, only land whose natural state is prairie, oak savanna, wetland or late-succession conifer forest was eligible for the money. The result was that species increased but in one model, the carbon level decreased from what it would have been without the financial inducement.

In the third scenario, only owners who can significantly increase the forest coverage on their land were eligible for the incentive payments. Consequently, the amount of carbon removed from the atmosphere increased but the at-risk animals hardly increased, and in one model they even decreased.

In the fourth scenario, only land dense with streams was eligible for payments. There was a negligible increase in species and carbon sequestration.

In the last scenario, payments were given to parcels deemed important for the conservation of terrestrial vertebrate species in the basin. The animals increased but carbon stayed about the same.

Based on these findings, the study concluded that the conservation of species generally is maximized when landowners who accept financial incentives restore habitats that are relatively rare on the current landscape. Carbon sequestration, on the other hand, is maximized when landowners who accept payments restore forests.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Plantinga
plantinga@oregonstate.edu
541-737-1423
Oregon State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. IEEE-USA position encourages energy efficiency to save households money, reduce carbon emissions
2. Shrinking carbon footprints
3. Livermore researchers use carbon nanotubes for molecular transport
4. New gas sensors for monitoring carbon dioxide sinks
5. Ponds found to take up carbon like worlds oceans
6. Finding the real potential of no-till farming for sequestering carbon
7. 65-million-year-old asteroid impact triggered a global hail of carbon beads
8. Limitations of charcoal as an effective carbon sink
9. Carnegie Mellon researchers urge development of low carbon electricity
10. Forests long-term potential for carbon offsetting
11. New approach to measuring carbon in forests
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... FREMONT, Calif. , Dec. 15, 2016   ... a publicly held genomics technology company, announced today that ... the Listing Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market ... the closing bid price of WaferGen,s common stock had ... days.  Accordingly, WaferGen has regained compliance with Listing Rule ...
(Date:12/12/2016)... 12, 2016  Researchers at Trinity College, Dublin, ... by combining the material with Silly Putty. The mixture ... detector able to sense pulse, blood pressure, respiration, ... The research team,s findings were ... here:  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1257 ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Dec. 7, 2016   Avanade is helping ... One teams in history, exploit biometric data in order ... and maintain the competitive edge against their rivals after ... Avanade has worked with Williams during the ... biometric data (heart rate, breathing rate, temperature and peak ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/14/2017)... San Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... January 14, ... ... availability of Proximo™, a new service providing complete end-to-end genome assemblies to researchers ... to complete genomes eliminates a major obstacle in answering a wide range of ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... FireflySci has been busy rolling out ... diverse customer base. The latest entry in this field is a series of ... Bio-Rad. FireflySci is introducing three distinct varieties including a 10x1mm, 10x2 and 10x4 ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... ... Huffman Engineering, Inc. , a leader in control systems integration, today ... office as a chemical engineer. In his new role, Beck will use his ... science manufacturing and water/wastewater industries. , Prior to joining Huffman Engineering, Beck served for ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... The report "Direct-Fed Microbials Market by Type (Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bacillus), Livestock (Pork/Swine, Poultry, ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is estimated to be valued ... by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.96% from 2016. ... ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology: