Navigation Links
In nature -- and maybe the corner office -- scientists find that generalists can thrive
Date:1/30/2008

COLUMBUS, Ohio The assignment of duties in a single cell, ocean life or even a small business does not have to be defined by a division of labor where every individual has a specific role, according to biologists at Ohio State University.

The scientists have designed a mathematical model to describe circumstances that would allow generalists to endure in what is typically expected to be a specialist-only society, according to theory.

Existing biological theories about the division of labor suggest that individual members of a group gravitate to specialization to perform specific tasks toward a common goal.

According to this new model, which tweaks two assumptions of the existing theory, there is a place in small groups for generalists to exist and possibly even to thrive.

Because the model they designed pertains to biological systems with just a few individuals, the researchers caution against reading too much into its potential application to humans. But in a socially and economically complex world, they admit they find comfort in the models implications about humankind nonetheless.

What this modeling showed me is that there are conditions under which it actually helps to have some generalists, especially for fairly small groups, some individuals that you might think of as Jacks- or Jills-of-all-trades or multitaskers, said Tom Waite, associate professor of evolution, ecology and organismal biology at Ohio State and co-author of the study.

You might actually have to pay them more and they might often do the wrong task, but if you dont have them, this whole notion of specialization leading to greater economic productivity might actually be wrong.

The research appears online in the Journal of Theoretical Biology.

Waite and doctoral candidate Anthony DOrazio, lead author of the study, started with an established mathematical model in current biology literature that leads to complete divi
'/>"/>

Contact: Emily Caldwell
caldwell.151@osu.edu
614-292-8310
Ohio State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Iridescence workshop promotes natures nanotechnology
2. Entrust Digital Signatures Help Secure More Than 18 Million U.S. ePassports
3. Scientists enhance Mother Natures carbon handling mechanism
4. Frog study takes leaf out of natures book
5. New ETH Zurich article published in scientific journal Nature
6. Costa Rica, US announce historic debt-for-nature swap
7. Nature leads the way for the next generation of paints, cosmetics and holograms
8. Genes and environment grant funds close look at nature-nurture overlap in common diseases
9. Experimental Biology and Medicine announces expansion into Asia, opens new office
10. IdentiPHI Opens Paris Office to Boost European Sales and Support
11. Easton, PA Police Officers Armed With BIO-key(R) Mobile Data Solution Access Information Anytime, Anywhere
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 Valid S.A. ("Company") (BM&FBOVESPA: VLID3 ON), is pleased ... State of Washington,s Department of Licensing, ... and central issuance system for driver,s licenses and identification cards ... planning and development will start in January 2015, with enrollment ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 16, 2015  A man-made form of insulin ... other mental capabilities in adults with mild cognitive impairment ... led by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. ... with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild to ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Global Wearable Technologies Market ... Share, Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020" report ... Technologies are smart devices that can be worn ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Valid USA Signs Contract For Washington Driver's License Issuance 2Nasal Spray with Insulin Equivalent Shows Promise as Treatment for Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's Dementia 2Nasal Spray with Insulin Equivalent Shows Promise as Treatment for Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's Dementia 3Global Wearable Technologies Market and Applications, Opportunities, Industry Analysis, Segmentation, Size, Growth, Share, Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020 2
... In India most people who are HIV positive don,t ... available. It would therefore meet international standards of cost-effectiveness ... every person in the billion-plus population every five years according ... One . The findings are based on a careful ...
... of Biology provides the basis for an argument against ... thermodynamics of microbial growth. Microbial growth is a biological ... operating in accord with the Gibbs free energy equation, developed ... first to be measured by direct calorimetry, in 1856. However, ...
... supposedly rare mutations in the mitochondria, the ,power plants, ... more than 7% of patients with a mitochondrial disease ... data emphasise the need for comprehensive analysis of all ... a mitochondrial disease, and this should include children, a ...
Cached Biology News:Cost-effective: Universal HIV testing in India 2Cost-effective: Universal HIV testing in India 3Cost-effective: Universal HIV testing in India 4When calculating cell-growth thermodynamics, reconsider using the Gibbs free energy equation 2Rare mitochondrial mutations -- maybe not so rare? 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... Selexis SA, a serial innovation company ... (RCBs) used for drug discovery to commercial manufacturing, announced ... Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) data packages. The NGS ... by ensuring the integrity of the gene, validation of ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015   Cypher Genomics, Inc., the ... SQNM ), the leading molecular diagnostics ... generation noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPT). Through this agreement, ... Mantis™, to advance analysis of clinically-relevant fetal sub-chromosomal ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... N.J. , Jan. 22, 2015  Derma Sciences, ... regeneration company focused on advanced wound care, announces ... placental tissues, have been added to the Premier, ... increases the opportunity for the AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX® ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, ... in critical areas, announced the closing of an underwritten public ... purchase up to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common stock, ... per warrant.  The warrants have a per share exercise price ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Selexis Generated Research Cell Banks Now Fully Sequenced Using Next-Generation Sequencing 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3
... A generally accepted 44-year-old assumption about how certain kinds of ... to be incorrect by a team of scientists led by ... Penn State University and a research professor in the Department ... which will be published in the journal Science ...
... Notre Dame have demonstrated a novel DNA detection method ... Carol Tanner and Steven Ruggiero led the team in ... spectroscopy (LTS). LTS is capable of rapidly determining the ... In a new paper appearing in the international, peer-reviewed, ...
... 2011  Today BioSpace , the leading life sciences employment ... , celebrating its 13th edition. (Logo: ... across Massachusetts. Each company,s brand is added to an electronic ... as well as at industry events and career fairs. The ...
Cached Biology Technology:Decades-old conclusion about energy-making pathway of cyanobacteria is corrected 2Decades-old conclusion about energy-making pathway of cyanobacteria is corrected 3Notre Dame researchers demonstrate new DNA detection technique 2BioSpace Spotlights Leading Life Science Community 2
RABBIT ANTI RAT AQUAPORIN 5...
... Automatic High Sensitivity Laboratory Osmometer for both 0.2 and 2.0 mL samples for ... and record keeping. Bar code reading capability with optional scanner. RS-232 port. ... ... ...
MAb to Hu-IFN-Gamma RC2 (CD118), NON-Neutralizing, Clone MMHGR-2 Binds to but does not neutralize human interferon gamma receptor...
Recombinant Rat CINC-2 alpha, CF...
Biology Products: