Navigation Links
In fireflies, flightless females lose out on gifts from males
Date:4/5/2011

MEDFORD/SOMERVILLE, Mass. Every parent with young children knows that couples need to work together to accomplish the myriad tasks waiting both at work and at home. But it may come as a surprise that fireflies also juggle their commitments to find a comfortable work-family balance. According to new research led by biologists at Tufts University's School of Arts and Sciences, wingless "stay-at-home" female fireflies get less support from their mates than females who are able to fly.

There are more than 2000 species of fireflies around the globe, and these beetles show astoundingly diverse lifestyles. For some familiar backyard sparklers, both the male and female firefly have wings and can easily take to the air.

However, many female fireflies can only dream about flying because they don't have any wings. These wingless belles lounge on the ground or clamber onto twigs, where they lure flying males with a steady luminescent glow -- the common European glow-worm is a shining example.

A study published in the April 2011 issue of the journal Evolution (online Dec. 22) by Tufts biologists and collaborators at the University of Georgia and the Taiwan Museum of Science reveals a surprising link between these flightless females and how much their male partners are willing to contribute to their collective reproductive gain.

Like all creatures, firefly females maximize their evolutionary success by producing lots of offspring. Previous work by the Tufts research team has shown that some male fireflies donate a "nuptial gift" to females during mating. This gift contains sperm wrapped up in a nutritious high-protein package that helps a female to produce more eggs. Because most fireflies stop eating once they become adults, male nuptial gifts are significant for both sexes.

To explore these insects' work-family balance, the Tufts researchers set out to answer the question: When firefly females are flightless, does it change the division of reproductive labor between the sexes? That is, do firefly males still give nuptial gifts?

"These females are definitely committed to being 'stay-at-home-moms' because they're basically a huge sac of eggs," said Sara Lewis, professor of biology at Tufts and co-author of the paper. By giving up wings, such flightless females can devote all their energy to churning out eggs and so gain an advantage over their winged cousins.

"Since wingless females would already enjoy high reproductive output, we thought males might no longer need to support their partners' reproduction with added nutrients," explained Tufts doctoral candidate Adam South, the lead author on the paper.

Working with firefly experts from around the world, the Tufts biologists studied the reproductive structures of 32 different species. They confirmed that in those with flying females, males did bestow nuptial gifts. In most species with flightless females, however, the males did not do so.

Looking Back at the First Fireflies

The researchers also peered back in time to the first fireflies.

In collaboration with colleagues in Georgia and Taiwan, the Tufts biologists used existing knowledge of the evolutionary relationships among different firefly species to examine how flight and nuptial gifts have changed over time.

In very early fireflies, the biologists discovered, females sported normal wings and accepted nuptial gifts from their male suitors. But the evolutionary tree also showed that nearly every time females stopped flying around, their partners retreated to transferring only sperm, revealing a surprising evolutionary correlation between these male and female traits.

So just like people, firefly couples also adjust how much effort each one will devote to work -- flight in this case -- or to family. With stay-at-home moms investing more in reproduction, some firefly males apparently decide that gifts are no longer worth giving.

Lewis noted that it remains to be seen whether this co-evolutionary linkage has also developed in other insects with flightless females. It is also unclear why females in some species of fireflies, but not others, have been able to survive and thrive without flight.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Thurler
kim.thurler@tufts.edu
617-627-3175
Tufts University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Study first to pinpoint why analgesic drugs may be less potent in females than in males
2. Reproductive life of male mice is increased by living with females
3. Caffeine appears to be beneficial in males -- but not females -- with Lou Gehrigs disease
4. Caffeine appears to be beneficial in males -- but not females -- with Lou Gehrigs disease
5. Pesky fruit flies learn from experienced females: Study
6. Exposure to young triggers new neuron creation in females exhibiting maternal behavior
7. Pesticide atrazine can turn male frogs into females
8. Females shut down male-male sperm competition in leafcutter ants
9. Male antelopes deceive females to increase their chances of mating
10. Male antelopes trick females into extra sex opportunities
11. Differences in brain development between males and females may hold clues to mental health disorders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
In fireflies, flightless females lose out on gifts from males
(Date:2/8/2017)... YORK , Feb. 8, 2017 About ... individual,s voice to match it against a stored ... such as pitch, cadence, and tone are compared ... require minimal hardware installation, as most PCs already ... for different transactions. Voice recognition biometrics are most ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... LONDON , Feb. 7, 2017 Report ... $12.5 billion by 2021 from $8.3 billion in 2016 ... from 2016 to 2021. Report Includes - An ... of global market trends, with data from 2015 and ... through 2021. - Segmentation of the market on the ...
(Date:2/6/2017)... Feb. 6, 2017 According to Acuity ... driving border authorities to continue to embrace biometric ... are 2143 Automated Border Control (ABC) eGates and ... at more than 163 ports of entry across ... 2016 achieving a combined CAGR of 37%. APC ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... and SAN FRANCISCO , Feb. 23, ... medicine company, and Beyond Type 1, a not-for-profit advocacy ... diabetes, today announced a grant from Beyond Type 1 ... for type 1 and other insulin-requiring diabetes.  ... developing innovative stem cell-derived cell replacement therapies with a ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... -- Aratana Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: PETX), a pet therapeutics company focused ... for companion animals, will host a live conference call on ... financial results from the fourth quarter and full year ended ... may access the audio webcast or use the ... ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Clara, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... hosting a free AFM Luncheon for all SPIE attendees and ... Jose, CA, just one block from the San Jose Convention Center. The luncheon ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... CINCINNATI , Feb. 22, 2017 Scientists ... drives inflammation and organ damage in Gaucher and maybe ... fewer risks and lower costs than current therapies. ... Children,s Hospital Medical Center , which also included investigators ... , report their data Feb. 22. The study ...
Breaking Biology Technology: