Navigation Links
Improving the degradation of toxic hydrocarbons
Date:4/15/2010

The world-wide project "MAGICPAH", coordinated by the Braunschweiger Helmholtz-Zentrums fr Infektionsforschung (Helmholtz Center for Infection Research in Braunschweig- HZI), is examining how bacterial communities are able to support the degradation of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. "MAGICPAH" is a collaboration of thirteen partners from nine countries. Research institutions and industrial enterprises have initiated the project today at the HZI. The significance of this project is reflected in the gravity of the cargo ship disaster on the Australian "Great Barrier Reef". The reef was threatened in April 2010 by four tonnes of heavy oil that escaped from the tanker.

Hydrocarbons chemicals that consist only of the elements carbon and hydrogen. They play a very important role world-wide as fossil fuels. An especially significant sub-group are the so-called "polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" (PAH). These poorly degradable, often toxic and carcinogenic hydrocarbons are responsible for, among others, the contamination of soils. They can be found in crude oil and in high abundance in heavy oil; they are thus readily capable of endangering marine environments.

The partners of "MAGICPAH" have initiated their collaboration today in the from of a kick-off meeting at the HZI under the coordination of Dietmar Pieper, head of the research group "Microbial Interactions and Processes".

The primary goal of the research project is to explore, understand and exploit the degradative capabilities of bacteria in soil and in marine environments. "Petroleum degrading bacterial communities, harbour a considerable and hitherto unexploited potential", says Dietmar Pieper.

The project is intended to initially analyze microbial diversity and the molecular processes, which play a significant role in the removal of PAH contaminants from soils, sediments and waste waters. This however already causes problems as the majority of bacteria in soils or marine ecosystems cannot be cultivated. "This hitherto unutilized diversity of microbial activities can only be visualized by means of so-called cultivation-independent methods", says Dietmar Pieper. These cultivation-independent methods make use of the micro-organisms' capabilities without having to previously propagate them in the laboratory. "The information collected here in different experimental systems will be used for the design of new knowledge-based strategies for the mitigation of ecological damage caused by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in various habitats. Furthermore, our methods enable direct access to new metabolic reactions that can be used for industrially relevant products", concludes Dietmar Pieper.

The EU is funding the project with three million euros over the next four years. In addition to the HZI, the partners from industry originate in Italy and the Czech Republic, while the partners from the research centres originate in Italy, Spain, Great Britain, Germany, Denmark, France, Colombia and Canada.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susanne Thiele
susanne.thiele@helmholtz-hzi.de
49-053-161-811-400
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New patented technology for improving cardiac CTs receives NIH support
2. Improving the odds
3. Improving livestock productivity in Honduras
4. Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields
5. High blood sugars impact on immune system holds clues to improving islet cell transplants
6. Improving our ability to peek inside molecules
7. Improving industry efficiency through environmental innovations
8. Biodegradable polymers show promise for improving treatment of acute inflammatory diseases
9. Improving swine waste fertilizer
10. Stroke study reveals key target for improving treatment and suggests that Gleevec may help
11. NOAA study shows eastern tropical pacific ocean dolphin populations improving
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Market Research Future published ... Market. The global Mobile Biometric Security and Service Market is expected ... to 2022. Market Highlights: ... , , Mobile Biometric ... due to the increasing need of authentication and security from unwanted ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 2016 BioCatch , the global leader in ... portfolio, which grew to over 40 granted and pending patents. ... , , The ... " System, Device, and Method Estimating Force Applied to a ... to forego costly hardware components needed to estimate the force and pressure ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... -- Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH) (the "Company") ... million principal amount of its 1.414% senior unsecured notes due ... unsecured notes due 2026. The closing of ... to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions.  The notes will ... The Company intends to use the net proceeds from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/16/2017)... , Jan. 16, 2017  Eurofins Genomics today ... will allow more customers to receive their primers in ... or compromise in quality found with other providers. Express ... United States at no additional fee. ... routine genetic studies, including DNA sequencing, genotyping, site-directed mutagenesis, ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global Biopolymers Market ... ... 16.83% during the period 2017-2021. The report covers the ... 2017-2021. To calculate the market size, the report considers the revenue generated ... a a discussion of the key vendors operating in this market. ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... January 12, 2017 , ... MEXICO’S FIRST ... Inc., announces the successful outcome of the first lumbar fusion procedure in ... Technologies, Inc.) has partnered with Mexico-based medical product company BioMedical Technologies to ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... After her brain cancer became resistant ... only a few months to live. Now a paper publishing January 17 in ... and increased both the quantity and quality of her life: Adding the anti-malaria ...
Breaking Biology Technology: