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Improving the degradation of toxic hydrocarbons
Date:4/15/2010

The world-wide project "MAGICPAH", coordinated by the Braunschweiger Helmholtz-Zentrums fr Infektionsforschung (Helmholtz Center for Infection Research in Braunschweig- HZI), is examining how bacterial communities are able to support the degradation of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. "MAGICPAH" is a collaboration of thirteen partners from nine countries. Research institutions and industrial enterprises have initiated the project today at the HZI. The significance of this project is reflected in the gravity of the cargo ship disaster on the Australian "Great Barrier Reef". The reef was threatened in April 2010 by four tonnes of heavy oil that escaped from the tanker.

Hydrocarbons chemicals that consist only of the elements carbon and hydrogen. They play a very important role world-wide as fossil fuels. An especially significant sub-group are the so-called "polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" (PAH). These poorly degradable, often toxic and carcinogenic hydrocarbons are responsible for, among others, the contamination of soils. They can be found in crude oil and in high abundance in heavy oil; they are thus readily capable of endangering marine environments.

The partners of "MAGICPAH" have initiated their collaboration today in the from of a kick-off meeting at the HZI under the coordination of Dietmar Pieper, head of the research group "Microbial Interactions and Processes".

The primary goal of the research project is to explore, understand and exploit the degradative capabilities of bacteria in soil and in marine environments. "Petroleum degrading bacterial communities, harbour a considerable and hitherto unexploited potential", says Dietmar Pieper.

The project is intended to initially analyze microbial diversity and the molecular processes, which play a significant role in the removal of PAH contaminants from soils, sediments and waste waters. This however already causes problems as the majority of bacteria in soils o
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Contact: Susanne Thiele
susanne.thiele@helmholtz-hzi.de
49-053-161-811-400
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert

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