Navigation Links
Improving the degradation of toxic hydrocarbons

The world-wide project "MAGICPAH", coordinated by the Braunschweiger Helmholtz-Zentrums fr Infektionsforschung (Helmholtz Center for Infection Research in Braunschweig- HZI), is examining how bacterial communities are able to support the degradation of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. "MAGICPAH" is a collaboration of thirteen partners from nine countries. Research institutions and industrial enterprises have initiated the project today at the HZI. The significance of this project is reflected in the gravity of the cargo ship disaster on the Australian "Great Barrier Reef". The reef was threatened in April 2010 by four tonnes of heavy oil that escaped from the tanker.

Hydrocarbons chemicals that consist only of the elements carbon and hydrogen. They play a very important role world-wide as fossil fuels. An especially significant sub-group are the so-called "polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" (PAH). These poorly degradable, often toxic and carcinogenic hydrocarbons are responsible for, among others, the contamination of soils. They can be found in crude oil and in high abundance in heavy oil; they are thus readily capable of endangering marine environments.

The partners of "MAGICPAH" have initiated their collaboration today in the from of a kick-off meeting at the HZI under the coordination of Dietmar Pieper, head of the research group "Microbial Interactions and Processes".

The primary goal of the research project is to explore, understand and exploit the degradative capabilities of bacteria in soil and in marine environments. "Petroleum degrading bacterial communities, harbour a considerable and hitherto unexploited potential", says Dietmar Pieper.

The project is intended to initially analyze microbial diversity and the molecular processes, which play a significant role in the removal of PAH contaminants from soils, sediments and waste waters. This however already causes problems as the majority of bacteria in soils or marine ecosystems cannot be cultivated. "This hitherto unutilized diversity of microbial activities can only be visualized by means of so-called cultivation-independent methods", says Dietmar Pieper. These cultivation-independent methods make use of the micro-organisms' capabilities without having to previously propagate them in the laboratory. "The information collected here in different experimental systems will be used for the design of new knowledge-based strategies for the mitigation of ecological damage caused by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in various habitats. Furthermore, our methods enable direct access to new metabolic reactions that can be used for industrially relevant products", concludes Dietmar Pieper.

The EU is funding the project with three million euros over the next four years. In addition to the HZI, the partners from industry originate in Italy and the Czech Republic, while the partners from the research centres originate in Italy, Spain, Great Britain, Germany, Denmark, France, Colombia and Canada.


Contact: Susanne Thiele
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

Related biology news :

1. New patented technology for improving cardiac CTs receives NIH support
2. Improving the odds
3. Improving livestock productivity in Honduras
4. Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields
5. High blood sugars impact on immune system holds clues to improving islet cell transplants
6. Improving our ability to peek inside molecules
7. Improving industry efficiency through environmental innovations
8. Biodegradable polymers show promise for improving treatment of acute inflammatory diseases
9. Improving swine waste fertilizer
10. Stroke study reveals key target for improving treatment and suggests that Gleevec may help
11. NOAA study shows eastern tropical pacific ocean dolphin populations improving
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/9/2015)... Calif. , Nov. 9, 2015  Synaptics Inc. ... interface solutions, today announced broader entry into the automotive ... solutions that match the pace of consumer electronics human ... biometric sensors are ideal for the automotive industry and ... Europe , ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... --  MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based eClinical technology ... is pleased to announce that it has been selected ... of only three finalists for a 2015 Tekne ... category. The Tekne Awards honor Minnesota ... and leadership. iMedNet™ eClinical  technology ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015  Rubicon Genomics, Inc., ... U.S. distribution of its DNA library preparation products, ... Rubicon,s new ThruPLEX Plasma-seq kit. ThruPLEX Plasma-seq has ... preparation of NGS libraries for liquid biopsies--the analysis ... and prognostic applications in cancer and other conditions. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... , November 24, 2015 SHPG ) announced ... in the Piper Jaffray 27 th Annual Healthcare Conference in ... 1, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. EST (1:30 p.m. GMT). --> ... Financial Officer, will participate in the Piper Jaffray 27 th ... NY on Tuesday, December 1, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. EST (1:30 ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna Zentaris Inc. ... that the remaining 11,000 post-share consolidation (or 1,100,000 ... (the "Series B Warrants") subject to the previously ... November 23, 2015, which will result in the ... effect to the issuance of such shares, there ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... InSphero AG, the leading ... culture models, has promoted Melanie Aregger to serve as Chief Operating Officer. ... on the management team and was promoted to Head of InSphero Diagnostics ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015 Capricor Therapeutics, Inc. ... the discovery, development and commercialization of first-in-class therapeutics, today ... Officer, is scheduled to present at the 2015 Piper ... a.m. EST, at The Lotte New York Palace Hotel ... . --> . ...
Breaking Biology Technology: