As a matter of fact, within the past ten years, the progress of genomics in China was a sort of frogleap development in terms of scale, quality, interdisciplinarity, organization and international collaboration. The genomics research of human and rice, the two national major scientific projects, together with a series of genomic sequencing and functional genomics analyses, constitutes an unprecedented development in life science research and biotechnology development in China. For decades, particularly from the early 1950s to the 1970s, genetics and molecular genetics were sort of lagging in China, largely due to the influences of Lysenkonism in the 1950-1960s and then the hit by "culture revolution" in the 1960-1970s. Fortunately, in this difficult period, with the cooperation of Chinese biologists and chemists, protein and nucleic acid chemistry gained a rapid development. The chemical synthesis and 3D structure determination of bovine insulin and the chemical synthesis of yeast alanine-tRNA were land marker achievements recorded in the scientific history.
In contrast to the situation in China, from the 1960s to the 1980s, life science worldwide was led by genetics
and molecular biology, i.e., studying DNA/RNA and the flow of genetic information (central dogma), whereas
in China these disciplines were severely hampered, with few scientists such as Prof. TAN Jia-Zhen to be the
only leading scientist to defend Morgan's theory for a long time. That should be one of the reasons why China's
|Contact: Li Jiyuan|
Science in China Press