Navigation Links
Human RecQ helicases, homologous recombination and genomic instability
Date:11/14/2007

Two independent papers in the December 1st issue of G&D detail how human RecQ helicases regulate homologous recombination and protect genome stability.

The human RecQ family of helicases consists of 5 members: WRN, BLM, RECQL4, RECQL1 and RECQL5. These enzymes help to unwind DNA so to facilitate replication, transcription and DNA repair. Mutations in BLM, WRN and RECQ4 cause the cancer-predisposition syndromes Blooms Syndrome, Werners Syndrome and Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome, respectively. Interestingly, these cancer-prone genetic conditions are associated with defects in the DNA repair pathway of homologous recombination (HR).

Dr. Alexander Mazin (Drexel University College of Medicine) and colleagues focused their research on the function of the Blooms syndrome helicase, BLM. They found that BLM has differential roles in regulating HR: depending upon the stage of its involvement, BLM can either promote or inhibit HR leading the authors to the surprising conclusion that the combination of opposing activities gives BLM an important leverage in regulation of HR.

In a separate paper, Drs. Guangbin Luo (Case Western Reserve Univeristy) and Patrick Sung (Yale University School of Medicine) and their colleagues demonstrate that another member of the human RecQ family, RECQL5, can also interfere with HR, by disrupting a particular step (formation of the Rad51 presynaptic filament) in the pathway. Dr. Sung emphasizes that These results elucidate hoe RECQL5 proetin helps avoid deleterious chromosome rearrangements that can cause tumorigenesis.

Taken together, these papers lend new insight into the molecular function of human RecQ helicases in protecting genome stability and preventing tumorigenesis.


'/>"/>

Contact: Heather Cosel
coselpie@cshl.edu
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Gene regulation, not just genes, is what sets humans apart
2. Antioxidant overload may underlie a heritable human disease
3. Facial attraction -- choice of sexual partner shaped the human face
4. Humans fostering forest-destroying disease
5. SRMs track fire retardants in humans and environment
6. St. Jude influenza survey uncovers key differences between bird flu and human flu
7. Human derived stem cells can repair rat hearts damaged by heart attack
8. Influence of sex and handedness on brain is similar in capuchin monkeys and humans
9. Gene regulation in humans is closer than expected to simple organisms
10. Pittsburgh scientists identify human source of stem cells with potential to repair muscle
11. Researchers developing device to predict proper light exposure for human health
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... , Mar. 23, 2017 Research and Markets ... Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report ... ... at a CAGR of around 8.8% over the next decade to ... report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all the given ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... PMD Healthcare announces the release of its ... System (WMS), a remote, real-time lung health monitoring and ... is a Medical Device, Digital Health, and Chronic Care ... innovative solutions that empower people to improve their healthcare ... developed the first ever personal spirometer, Spiro PD, which ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... 7, 2017 Brandwatch , the leading social intelligence ... Prince,s Trust to uncover insights to support its reporting, help ... The UK,s leading youth charity will be using Brandwatch Analytics ... get a better understanding of the topics and issues that are ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... 28, 2017  The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) today ... policy research organization as its newest member. David ... ( North America ), will serve as ... "We,re pleased to have Ipsen and Dr. Cox ... Leonard . "We welcome their insights in helping us ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... Currently symptomatic therapies for Parkinson’s ... study published in STEM CELLS suggests that human neural stem cell (hNSC) transplantation ... produce more neural cells. , Strategies involving transplantation of these cells into ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... as Chief Executive Officer with Avomeen Analytical Services. Harvill is a distinguished life ... operations. , Avomeen is a leader in a wide range of services ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... Infectex Ltd., a Russian portfolio company of Maxwell Biotech Venture Fund (MBVF), today ... standard drug therapy regimen in patients with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB). SQ109 is a ... ) and the US National Institutes of Health. Continue ... ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology: