Navigation Links
How to avoid water wars between 'fracking' industry and residents
Date:4/23/2014

The shale gas boom has transformed the energy landscape in the U.S., but in some drier locations, it could cause conflict among the energy industry, residents and agricultural interests over already-scarce water resources, say researchers. They add that degraded water quality is a potential risk unless there are adequate safeguards. The feature article appears in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Meagan S. Mauter and colleagues point out that a major criticism of extracting shale gas through hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is that it requires tremendous amounts of water 2.5 to 5 million gallons to develop a single well. Water, along with chemicals and sand, is injected under high pressure into wells to create cracks, or fractures, in shale and release stored gas. In some water-rich places, such as Pennsylvania, this is not a significant problem. But in other locations, including some rural counties in arid south Texas, this level of water use competes with residential and agricultural needs and depletes groundwater resources. These and other types of region-specific scenarios are similar to what other states and countries could encounter when or if they also develop shale gas reserves. Mauter's team looked at what practices could help maintain a balance between fracking and environmental and residential needs.

The researchers say that there are ways to minimize the industry's water footprint. One method is to use brackish water that is not fit for drinking or agricultural use but can be suitable for fracking. The other method is to recycle the waste water. "Leadership from both industry and the U.S. government may be needed to assure that economic benefits of shale gas development are realized without significant regional impairment of water resource quantity and quality," the authors conclude.

The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress. With more than 161,000 members, ACS is the world's largest scientific society and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-reviewed journals and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.

To automatically receive news releases from the American Chemical Society, contact newsroom@acs.org.

Follow us: Twitter | Facebook


'/>"/>
Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Is nuclear power the only way to avoid geoengineering?
2. Intraoperative monitoring of SSEPs is a new measure to avoid iatrogenic spinal cord injury
3. 2-way traffic enable proteins to get where needed, avoid disease
4. Ultrasound, nanoparticles may help diabetics avoid the needle
5. Obesity and nutrition are keys to avoiding metabolic syndrome
6. Avoiding poisons: A matter of bitter taste
7. Feral cats avoid urban coyotes, are surprisingly healthy
8. Hitting the gym may help men avoid diet-induced erectile dysfunction
9. Dartmouth-led team discovers how plants avoid sunburn
10. Solitary lemurs avoid danger with a little help from the neighbors
11. How does inbreeding avoidance evolve in plants?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/16/2016)... , Dec. 16, 2016 The global wearable medical device ... billion by 2021 from USD 5.31 billion in 2016, at a ... ... driven by technological advancements in medical devices, launch of a growing ... for wireless connectivity among healthcare providers, and increasing focus on physical ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016   WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announced today that on December 13, 2016, it received ... Nasdaq Stock Market LLC which acknowledged that, as of ... common stock had been at $1.00 or greater for ... with Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Stock Market. ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Dec. 15, 2016 Advancements in ... health wellness and wellbeing (HWW), and security ... three new passenger vehicles begin to feature ... recognition, heart beat monitoring, brain wave monitoring, ... monitoring, and pulse detection. These will be ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... One Million Solutions in Health ... million in investment towards 15+ TEC Validation Projects™. As a pre-competitive consortium, ... in drug safety assessment, for the industry as a whole. , Through the ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... ... January 16, 2017 , ... Appellate Court of New ... the appeal filed by India-based Dishman Pharmaceutical & Chemical Ltd. company (DPCL) for ... one of its Dishman Group’s 100% wholly owned New Jersey-based subsidiary Dishman USA ...
(Date:1/14/2017)... -- The Alliance for Safe Biologic Medicines (ASBM) today issued ... guidance on biologic naming: We commend ... importance of distinct naming for all biologics, including biosimilars. ... will bring to patients, including new treatment options and ... the Guidance dealing with suffix design remains at odds ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... Island, NY (PRWEB) , ... January 13, 2017 ... ... teamed up with several companies to offer its customers three new solutions for ... probe would come in handy if a customer has an oddly-shaped sample that ...
Breaking Biology Technology: