Navigation Links
How to avoid water wars between 'fracking' industry and residents
Date:4/23/2014

The shale gas boom has transformed the energy landscape in the U.S., but in some drier locations, it could cause conflict among the energy industry, residents and agricultural interests over already-scarce water resources, say researchers. They add that degraded water quality is a potential risk unless there are adequate safeguards. The feature article appears in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Meagan S. Mauter and colleagues point out that a major criticism of extracting shale gas through hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is that it requires tremendous amounts of water 2.5 to 5 million gallons to develop a single well. Water, along with chemicals and sand, is injected under high pressure into wells to create cracks, or fractures, in shale and release stored gas. In some water-rich places, such as Pennsylvania, this is not a significant problem. But in other locations, including some rural counties in arid south Texas, this level of water use competes with residential and agricultural needs and depletes groundwater resources. These and other types of region-specific scenarios are similar to what other states and countries could encounter when or if they also develop shale gas reserves. Mauter's team looked at what practices could help maintain a balance between fracking and environmental and residential needs.

The researchers say that there are ways to minimize the industry's water footprint. One method is to use brackish water that is not fit for drinking or agricultural use but can be suitable for fracking. The other method is to recycle the waste water. "Leadership from both industry and the U.S. government may be needed to assure that economic benefits of shale gas development are realized without significant regional impairment of water resource quantity and quality," the authors conclude.

The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress. With more than 161,000 members, ACS is the world's largest scientific society and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-reviewed journals and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.

To automatically receive news releases from the American Chemical Society, contact newsroom@acs.org.

Follow us: Twitter | Facebook


'/>"/>
Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Is nuclear power the only way to avoid geoengineering?
2. Intraoperative monitoring of SSEPs is a new measure to avoid iatrogenic spinal cord injury
3. 2-way traffic enable proteins to get where needed, avoid disease
4. Ultrasound, nanoparticles may help diabetics avoid the needle
5. Obesity and nutrition are keys to avoiding metabolic syndrome
6. Avoiding poisons: A matter of bitter taste
7. Feral cats avoid urban coyotes, are surprisingly healthy
8. Hitting the gym may help men avoid diet-induced erectile dysfunction
9. Dartmouth-led team discovers how plants avoid sunburn
10. Solitary lemurs avoid danger with a little help from the neighbors
11. How does inbreeding avoidance evolve in plants?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/16/2017)... , May 16, 2017   Bridge ... health organizations, and MD EMR Systems , ... development partner for GE, have established a partnership ... Portal product and the GE Centricity™ products, including ... EMR. These new integrations will ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The global military biometrics market ... by the presence of several large global players. The ... major players - 3M Cogent, NEC Corporation, M2SYS Technology, ... 61% of the global military biometric market in 2016. ... military biometrics market boast global presence, which has catapulted ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... MONICA, Calif. , April 13, 2017 ... New York will feature emerging and evolving ... Summits. Both Innovation Summits will run alongside the expo ... of speaker sessions, panels and demonstrations focused on trending ... coast,s largest advanced design and manufacturing event will take ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2017)... ... June 26, 2017 , ... Two new members were elected to ... June 9, 2017: Jeremy Nowak, President, J Nowak Strategy and Michele Masucci, Ph.D., Vice ... election of Glen N. Gaulton and Kenneth L. Kring, and re-election of David P. ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Muncie, IN (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 ... ... leading voice for model aircraft flying hobbyists, and the University Aviation Association (UAA), ... for college students. The UAS4STEM Collegiate Challenge will encourage teamwork, competition, and success ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... health leaders in designating infertility as a disease, bringing new hope for prospective ... at their 2017 annual meeting to back the World Health Organization’s designation in ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... Charm Sciences, Inc. is pleased to announce ... determined to be appropriate as a screening test at dairies and farms for raw ... system, and the Charm EZ Lite system. These systems are a combination incubator and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: