Navigation Links
How the demons of dementia possess and damage brain cells
Date:3/3/2010

A study from EPFL's (Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne) Laboratory of Neuroenergetics and Cellular Dynamics in Lausanne Switzerland, published today in the Journal of Neuroscience, may lead to new forms of treatment following a better understanding of how Amyloid-Beta found in cerebral plaques, typically present in the brain of Alzheimer's patients, may lead to neurodegeneration. Researchers in Lausanne have studied how the functions of certain cells called astrocyteswhich normally protect, repair, and transfer energy to neuronsare impaired when "possessed" by aggregated Amyloid-Beta.

Alzheimer's disease currently affects more than 26 million people worldwide and estimates of up to four times as many sufferers by 2050 has made studying its causes a top priority for neuroscientists.

While the exact mechanisms by which the formation of plaques occurs and how they cause neurodegeneration and dementia is still a matter of debate in the scientific world, this study sheds a new light on how astrocytes may participate in the development of Alzheimer's disease. This new understanding of the interaction between Amyloid-Beta and astrocytes could lead to more effective therapies for Alzheimer's disease by trying to rescue astrocytic functions by deactivating the scavenger receptors.

The current study explores the causal relationship between the build-up of the Amyloid-Beta protein, associated with the formation of plaques, and the impairment of astrocyte's functions. Pierre Magistretti, director of the Brain Mind Institute and the Center for Psychiatric Neurosciences at CHUV/UNIL, and Igor Allaman, post doctoral fellow in Magistretti's lab, have succeeded in determining how built-up Amyloid-Beta infiltrates the astrocyte cells and alters their proper functioning, thus leading to the death of surrounding neurons. "To penetrate the astrocyte, the pathological protein goes through a 'scavenger' receptor." explains Igor Allaman. "Our study has shown that if we impair Amyloid-Beta build-up, or activation of this receptor, astrocytes continue to fulfill their normal neuroprotective functions even in the presence of the Amyloid-Beta."


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Mitchell
michael.mitchell@epfl.ch
41-798-103-107
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Aware, Inc. Joins HIMSS10 Interoperability Showcase to Demonstrate Standards-Based Medical Image Sharing
2. Researchers demonstrate nanoscale X-ray imaging of bacterial cells
3. Munich lab demonstrates diesel truck engine with barely measurable emissions
4. Scientists demonstrate link between genetic defect and brain changes in schizophrenia
5. Ben-Gurion University Alzheimers researcher demonstrates specific immune response to vaccine
6. Case Western Reserve University researcher demonstrates that messenger RNA are lost in translation
7. Scientists demonstrate importance of niche differences in biodiversity
8. University of Leicester geologists demonstrate extent of ancient ice age
9. Demonstration Features Commercial Technology for Combating Terrorism
10. Demonstration Features Commercial Technology for Combating Terrorism
11. Combating Terrorism with Commercial Technology: 2009 Force Protection Equipment Demonstration
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
How the demons of dementia possess and damage brain cells
(Date:4/5/2017)... -- The Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the ... and dynamic digital window into the human cell. The ... of deep learning to create predictive models of cell ... growing suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer ... available resources created and shared by the Allen Institute ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... ANGELES , March 30, 2017  On April ... Hack the Genome hackathon at Microsoft,s ... exciting two-day competition will focus on developing health and ... Hack the Genome is the ... been tremendous. The world,s largest companies in the genomics, ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... ROCKVILLE CENTRE, N.Y. , March 27, 2017 ... by Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) ... Analytics Outpatient EMR Adoption Model sm . In ... top 12% of U.S. hospitals using an electronic ... recognized CHS for its high level of EMR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 25, 2017 , ... Throughout this webinar, participants will learn ... development and economic goals were achieved in both industry and academic settings. Attendees ... along with techniques for scaling production of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and new ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Benchworks announced that its ... the Healthcare Businesswomen’s Association (HBA). Nominated by chapter president Donna Grande, ... in person once each quarter and holds monthly conference calls. In addition, the ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... and WASHINGTON, DC, USA (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... of the economy as well as an enabler of life-saving medical and other vital ... optics and photonics . They joined others in the scientific community today in responding ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... Canada (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... Firmex FileSend, a cloud-based file transfer solution that makes it easy for organizations ... without having to worry about cumbersome FTP software or email file size limitations. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: