Navigation Links
How size matters
Date:12/12/2007

The beauty of nature is partly due to the uniformity of leaf and flower size in individual plants, and scientists have discovered how plants arrive at these aesthetic proportions.

Researchers at the John Innes Centre in Norwich have discovered that cells at the margins of leaves and petals play a particularly important role in setting their size.

The remarkable uniformity of leaves and flowers helps us to tell different species apart, such as daisies and marguerites, which look very similar otherwise. We are now uncovering how the genetic blueprint of a species tightly controls the size of leaves and flowers, says Dr. Michael Lenhard, who led the research.

The cells at the margins seem to secrete a mobile growth signal that keeps the cells throughout the leaf dividing. The more of this signal is produced, the larger the leaves and flowers get.

Surprisingly, this signal seems to be distinct from the classical and well-studied plant hormones that are known to influence growth and development.

As the signal only seems to come in from the margins, we suggest it gets diluted as the leaf or petal grows. Once the concentration falls below a certain threshold, the cells in the leaf or petal stop dividing. This would be a simple way of measuring the size of a growing organ, says Dr. Lenhard. Its a bit like adding more and more tonic to a gin and tonic until you can no longer taste the gin.

Strikingly, animals seem to use the same principle of dilution for measuring size, for example of the wings in a fly, although the molecules used are very different.

Efforts are under way to use this discovery to increase leaf growth in biofuel crops for the generation of sustainable energy and to boost the yield of fruits and seeds.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Michael Lenhard
michael.lenhard@bbsrc.ac.uk
44-160-345-0524
Norwich BioScience Institutes
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Primate sperm competition: speed matters
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/30/2017)... , Jan. 30, 2017   Invitae Corporation ... growing genetic information companies, today announced that it will ... and provide 2017 guidance on Monday, February 13, 2017, ... that day at 4:45 p.m. Eastern / 1:45 p.m. ... team will briefly review financial results, guidance, and recent ...
(Date:1/24/2017)...  It sounds simple and harmless—an electronic sensor ... signs and alerts parents on their smart phones ... drops. But pediatric experts argue that such devices ... evidence of medical benefits, especially to healthy babies. ... parents of healthy babies, promising peace of mind ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... -- In vitro diagnostic (IVD) companies were very active in ... Kalorama Information expects that trend to continue – though ... uncertainty in reimbursement and healthcare reform in ... acquisitions landscape. Instead of looking to buy technology, the ... of their home country and also to increase their ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... events for tech innovators, engineers, and scientists from around the world, is pleased ... place on February 22 and 23, 2017. This premier, online-only conference focused on ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Dublin - Research ... Crop Protection (Bio-Pesticide) Market-By Type, By Application, By End User, By ... offering. ... Biological Crop Protection Market is forecasted to grow at a CAGR ... biopesticide or biological crop protection market is driven by the surging ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... 22, 2017 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... study that validated the ability of the Aethlon Hemopurifier® ... increased mortality in immune-suppressed sepsis patients and also contribute ... The objective of the study was to validate the ... virus (EBV) and Herpes Simplex virus 1 (HSV1) by ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Pharma and biotech ... as European director. Operating from Pennside’s Zurich headquarters, Pennside Partners, GmbH, Mr. Perkins ... Pennside after more than a decade with leading market research firm, GfK. He ...
Breaking Biology Technology: