Navigation Links
How proteins read meta DNA code

Three-quarters of the DNA in evolved organisms is wrapped around proteins, forming the basic unit of DNA packaging called nucleosomes, like a thread around a spool. The problem lies in understanding how DNA can then be read by such proteins. Now, Arman Fathizadeh, a physicist at Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, Iran, and colleagues have created a model showing how proteins move along DNA, in a paper just published in EPJ E.

The problem is that until now, we did not clearly understand the physical mechanisms of how to "open the book" to read the genetic text contained in DNA. Studying the dynamics of the nucleosome over reasonable time scales by means of molecular dynamics simulations is out of the question, as it would be too complex. Instead, the authors developed a basic computer model of the nucleosome in which DNA is described by a sequence of rigid blocks representing the base pairs. By introducing flexible binding sites of the DNA to the protein core, it provides a more physical representation of the system. It also makes it possible to identify the sliding mechanism of nucleosomes along the DNA.

The idea is that a small defect in the form of a missing or extra base pair enters the DNA section wrapped around a nucleosome. This defect can then diffuse through the wrapped DNA and once it leaves the other end of the wrapped section, the nucleosome moves by the extra or missing length that the defect carried with it. This model supports the idea of a second genetic code, previously suggested in 2006. This would consist of a mechanical code written down within the base pair sequence and multiplexed with the traditional genetic code.


Contact: Sophia Grein

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. New monoclonal antibody developed that can target proteins inside cancer cells
2. Age-related dementia may begin with neurons inability to dispose of unwanted proteins
3. Stressed proteins can cause blood clots for hours
4. Adding to the list of disease-causing proteins in brain disorders
5. Nano-machines for bionic proteins
6. Discovering cell surface proteins behavior
7. FASEB SRC announces conference registration open for: Arf and Rab Family G Proteins
8. FASEB SRC announces conference: Matricellular Proteins in Development, Health, and Disease
9. First special edition updating progress on efforts to map human proteins
10. NYU biologists identify proteins vital to chromosome segregation
11. Cholesterol helps regulate key signaling proteins in the cell
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/12/2015)... Nov. 12, 2015  A golden retriever that stayed ... dystrophy (DMD) has provided a new lead for treating ... the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and the ... . Cell, pinpoints a protective ... the disease,s effects. The Boston Children,s lab of ...
(Date:11/11/2015)... Minn. , Nov. 11, 2015   MedNet Solutions ... entire spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce that ... in Clinical Trials (PCT) event, to be held November ... be able to view live demonstrations of iMedNet ... and learn how iMedNet has been able to ...
(Date:11/9/2015)... , Nov. 09, 2015 ... the addition of the "Global Law ... their offering. --> ) ... "Global Law Enforcement Biometrics Market 2015-2019" ... Research and Markets ( ) has ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... In harsh ... Insertion points for in-line sensors can represent a weak spot where leaking process ... series of retractable sensor housings , which are designed to tolerate extreme process ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... -- Capricor Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: CAPR ... and commercialization of first-in-class therapeutics, today announced that ... to present at the 2015 Piper Jaffray Healthcare Conference ... The Lotte New York Palace Hotel in ... --> . --> ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... Whitehouse Laboratories is pleased to announce that it has completed construction on ... to basic USP 61, USP 62 and USP 51 testing specific to raw materials ... micro testing performed by one supplier. Management has formally announced that the ...
(Date:11/23/2015)... HONG KONG, Nov. 23, 2015 China Cord ... "Company"), China,s leading provider of cord blood collection, laboratory ... services, today announced its preliminary unaudited financial results for ... 2016 ended September 30, 2015. --> ... Highlights , Revenues for the second quarter of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: