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How do you manage US oceans? Look at local successes
Date:4/18/2011

Brown, report several practices that they have observed to be successful in the field. They say including these elements in ocean planning will help bridge the gap between government regulations and grassroots efforts.

"Many of the best practices we've observed come from local groups," Leslie said. "We expect that as the National Ocean Policy moves forward, these local efforts will continue to serve as a model for how to more proactively manage America's oceans."

Recommendations and success stories

Recommendation:
Involve all stakeholders, from the scientists to the fishermen, in the effort.
Authors' note: "While these collaborations are not instant solutions to tensions between fishing communities, scientists, and managers, the extent to which those affected by decisions participate in the generation of knowledge and decision-making processes can help to develop trust among these actors and to strengthen legitimacy of the process and increase compliance, particularly if those affected see new rules as reasonable within the local context."
Where it works: Morro Bay (California) and Northwest Straits (Washington state)

Recommendation:
Set the objectives as early as possible.
Authors' note: "Incorporating a range of interests early can ensure that conservation priorities set at higher levels are not at odds with local priorities and pre-existing initiatives."
Where it works: Marine protected areas in California

Recommendation:
Create an institutional structure where all facets of the issue can be "nested."
Authors' note: "While ocean ecosystems operate at multiple scales, human activities, like fisheries and energy development, are often managed at a single, geographically broad scale."
Where it works: Morro Bay (California), Port Orford (Oregon), Gulf of Maine Council

Recommendation:
Provide funding.
Authors' note: "The provision of top-down incentives
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Contact: Richard Lewis
Richard_Lewis@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University
Source:Eurekalert  

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