"Many of the best practices we've observed come from local groups," Leslie said. "We expect that as the National Ocean Policy moves forward, these local efforts will continue to serve as a model for how to more proactively manage America's oceans."
Recommendations and success stories
Involve all stakeholders, from the scientists to the fishermen, in the effort.
Authors' note: "While these collaborations are not instant solutions to tensions between fishing communities, scientists, and managers, the extent to which those affected by decisions participate in the generation of knowledge and decision-making processes can help to develop trust among these actors and to strengthen legitimacy of the process and increase compliance, particularly if those affected see new rules as reasonable within the local context."
Where it works: Morro Bay (California) and Northwest Straits (Washington state)
Set the objectives as early as possible.
Authors' note: "Incorporating a range of interests early can ensure that conservation priorities set at higher levels are not at odds with local priorities and pre-existing initiatives."
Where it works: Marine protected areas in California
Create an institutional structure where all facets of the issue can be "nested."
Authors' note: "While ocean ecosystems operate at multiple scales, human activities, like fisheries and energy development, are often managed at a single, geographically broad scale."
Where it works: Morro Bay (California), Port Orford (Oregon), Gulf of Maine Council
Authors' note: "The provision of top-down incentives
|Contact: Richard Lewis|