Navigation Links
How bacteria change movement direction in response to oxygen: Molecular interactions unravelled
Date:6/25/2012

How single cell organisms like bacteria manage to react to their environment is not yet completely understood. Together with colleagues from Japan, Dr. Samir El-Mashtoly from the RUB Department of Biophysics, led by Prof. Dr. Klaus Gerwert, has gained new insights into the molecular interactions during aerotaxis of Bacillus subtilis, i.e., the dependence of the movement direction on the oxygen concentration in the environment. The research team investigated the conformational changes within the protein HemAT. Via a signal transduction chain, this protein sends a command to the flagellar motor which controls the movement direction. They report in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Signal transduction chain

The signal transduction chain starts with binding of oxygen to HemAT's heme domain, which is also known from haemoglobin in the red blood cells and is called the sensor domain of HemAT. Oxygen binding leads to a conformational change in the sensor domain. This in turn provokes several further conformational changes within HemAT that finally affect the signalling domain of the protein. The signalling domain then transmits the information about a rise in oxygen concentration to other proteins within the cell. These proteins forward the message to the motor of the flagellum. The research team investigated how the information travels from the sensor domain of HemAT to its signalling domain.

Protein helices forward the information

For that purpose, Dr. El-Mashtoly used the time-resolved ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopic facilities in the Picobiology Institute in Japan. This method provides, for instance, structural information about the conformation of the protein and hydrogen bonding interactions on a nanosecond to microsecond time scale. The results suggest that the conformational change in the sensor domain, i.e., the heme structure, induces the displacement of two protein helices within HemAT. This displacement affects another helix which is continuous with the structure of the signalling domain. Due to a series of conformational changes, the information about oxygen binding thus reaches the signalling domain of the protein.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Samir El-Mashtoly
samir.elmashtoly@bph.rub.de
49-234-322-9833
Ruhr-University Bochum
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Discovery increases understanding how bacteria spread: U of A study
2. Research identifies specific bacteria linked to indoor water-damage and mold
3. Brothers in arms: Commensal bacteria help fight viruses
4. Intestinal bacteria produce neurotransmitter, could play role in inflammation
5. Normal bacterial makeup has huge implications for health, says CU professor
6. Consortium of scientists maps the human bodys bacterial ecosystem
7. More than 1 way to be healthy: Map of bacterial makeup of humans reveals microbial rare biosphere
8. IU role in Human Microbiome Project exposes battle history between bacteria, viruses in human body
9. The activity of a bacterial effector protein seen in molecular detail
10. Light-induced delivery of nitric oxide eradicates drug-resistant bacteria
11. Arctic bacteria help in the search to find life on moon Europa
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/2/2017)... Summary This report provides all ... and its partnering interests and activities since 2010. ... The Partnering Deals and Alliance since 2010 report provides ... of the world,s leading life sciences companies. ... ensure inclusion of the most up to date deal ...
(Date:2/28/2017)... -- News solutions for biometrics, bag drop and New ... At ... 16 March, Materna will present its complete end-to-end passenger journey, ... a real benefit for passengers. To accelerate the whole passenger ... point solutions to take passengers through the complete integrated process ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... , Feb. 22, 2017 With ... 2021, ABI Research identifies four technologies that innovative ... to secure significant share in the changing competitive ... and passive authentication.   "Companies can ... comes to security," says Dimitrios Pavlakis , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... today announced the hire of Dr. Sigmund “Sig” Floyd as Vice President ? ... partnerships and joint development activities. , “Dr. Floyd’s career has spanned 30 years ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Good Start Genetics, a leading family genomics ... million covered lives mark through its most recent payor ... . With newly signed contracts nationally and others ... payor acceptance based on the quality of its science, ... its industry-leading customer care and support and its published ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - FACIT announced a seed ... "Propellon"), a start-up created by FACIT focused on ... investment, combined with non-dilutive capital, achieves a targeted ... funding enables Propellon to accelerate the nomination of ... financing and/or entering a strategic partnership for clinical ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 21, 2017 , ... Proper glycosylation is critical ... desired increase and/or decrease in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity or complement-dependent cytotoxicity, there is ... antibodies. , To meet this demand, the team at SCIEX has developed ...
Breaking Biology Technology: