Navigation Links
Hormone combination effective and safe for treating obesity in mice
Date:11/13/2012

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Scientists at Indiana University and international collaborators have found a way to link two hormones into a single molecule, producing a more effective therapy with fewer side effects for potential use as treatment for obesity and related medical conditions.

The studies were carried out in the laboratories of Richard DiMarchi, the Standiford H. Cox Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and the Linda & Jack Gill Chair in Biomolecular Sciences in the IU Bloomington College of Arts and Sciences, and of Matthias Tschp, professor of medicine and director of the Institute of Diabetes and Obesity, Helmholtz Center Munich, Germany. Results were published online this week by the journal Nature Medicine.

Researchers combined a peptide hormone from the digestive system, GLP-1, with the hormone estrogen and administered it to obese laboratory mice. While both GLP-1 and estrogen have demonstrated efficacy as therapy for obesity and adult-onset diabetes, the combination was more effective in producing weight loss and other beneficial results than using either compound on its own. And it produced fewer adverse effects, such as excessive tissue growth linked to tumor formation.

"We find that combining the hormones as a single molecule dramatically enhanced their efficacy and their safety," DiMarchi said. "The combination improves the ability to lower body weight and the ability to manage glucose, and it does so without showing the hallmark toxicities associated with estrogen."

The researchers believe GLP-1 acts as a "medicinal chaperone," targeting estrogen to the hypothalamus and pancreas, which are involved with metabolic processes. The precise targeting reduces the likelihood that the estrogen will produce negative effects, such as cancer and stroke.

Brian Finan, a former doctoral student in DiMarchi's lab, is the lead author of the paper, "Targeted estrogen delivery reverses the metabolic syndrome."

Co-authors include Bin Yang and Vasily Gelfanov, research scientists in the IU Bloomington Department of Chemistry, and DiMarchi. Finan is now a post-doctoral researcher at the Helmholtz Zentrum Mnchen in Germany, directed by Tschp, who is DiMarchi's longtime collaborator and a corresponding co-author. Affiliations of the other 20 co-authors include the University of Cincinnati where, also led by Tschp, many of the in vivo pharmacology and molecular mechanism studies were conducted; Northwestern University; and research laboratories in Germany and China.

Associated with what health authorities are calling a global epidemic of obesity, the metabolic syndrome consists of obesity associated with other factors such as high blood pressure, high triglycerides, hyperglycemia and low HDL cholesterol. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that as much as 20 percent of the world's adult population has some form of the metabolic syndrome and that they are three times as likely to have a heart attack or stroke and five times as likely to develop adult-onset diabetes as people without the syndrome.

DiMarchi said investigation continues in the optimization of the peptide-based hormone conjugates with an emphasis on determining the specific mechanism of biological action and identification of an optimal drug candidate suitable for human study. The combination of other peptides and nuclear hormones for targeting other medical conditions holds considerable promise and opportunity for future research.


'/>"/>

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. New cause of thyroid hormone deficiency discovered
2. Stress hormones: Good or bad for posttraumatic stress disorder risk?
3. Hormone in fruit flies sheds light on diabetes cure, weight-loss drug for humans
4. Lighting up the plant hormone command system
5. Hormone-mimicking chemicals cause inter-species mating
6. Hormones dictate when youngsters fly the nest, says new research
7. Measuring progesterone receptor expression to improve hormone-receptor-positive cancer management
8. Estrogen hormone reveals protective ability after traumatic brain injury
9. BRG1 mutations confer resistance to hormones in lung cancer
10. Insecticide resistance caused by recombination of 2 genes
11. New line of approach for combination therapy against melanoma
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Hormone combination effective and safe for treating obesity in mice
(Date:2/3/2016)... PUNE, India , February 3, 2016 ... to the new market research report "Automated Fingerprint Identification ... (Tenprint Search, Latent Search), Application (Banking & Finance, Government, ... 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to ... estimated CAGR of 21.0% between 2015 and 2020. The ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... 3, 2016 ... the "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market ... Others), Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition ... Regions - Global forecast to 2020" ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has announced the addition ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... This BCC Research report provides a ... the recent advances in high throughput ‘omic platforms ... forward. Includes forecast through 2019. Use ... opportunities that exist in the bioinformatic market. Analyze ... well as IT and bioinformatics service providers. Analyze ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... ... Information Management Services ( IMS ) is pleased to announce a major upgrade ... and is so significant it was endowed with a new name, BSI Engage. ... a streamlined layout and a more intuitive format for navigating the system. ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... -- Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) announced today that its new website has gone live. On Thursday, ... mobile-friendly. Visit the new site: www.diplomat.is ... ... ... "The goal was to reimagine the website and create ...
(Date:2/5/2016)...  In the pharmaceutical industry the medical affairs function ... activities including the identification and engagement of key thought ... high in the oncology therapeutic area where most treating ... Role of Medical Affairs in Oncology Launch Excellence ." ... find better ways to utilize medical affairs to develop ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016 - New FDA action date of ... New FDA action date of July 22, 2016   ... 22, 2016   - Lifitegrast ... decade indicated for the treatment of signs and symptoms of dry ... the potential to be the only product approved in the U.S. in the past decade ...
Breaking Biology Technology: