Navigation Links
Hollow optical fibers for UV light
Date:7/2/2014

This news release is available in German.

If you want to send light on a trip through optical fibres with as little loss as possible, you should opt for infrared light, as is the case, for example, in the telecommunication networks worldwide. For certain applications, such as spectroscopic investigations on ions or atoms, however, (laser) light in the ultraviolet range is required. But this type of light would quickly damage conventional optical fibres. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light (MPL) in Erlangen/Germany and of the QUEST Institute, based at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), have tested a new type of optical fibre with a hollow core and have found out that this type of optical fibre was able to guide UV laser light without being damaged and with acceptable loss. Their investigations, which they have recently published in the journal "Optics Express", are interesting for numerous applications: besides precision spectroscopy on atoms or ions and their use in optical atomic clocks or quantum computers, fluorescence microscopy in biology, the investigation of process plasmas, combustion studies on soot or the spectroscopy of greenhouse gases would be other possible fields of application.

Optical fibres usually have a solid glass core. This glass core is coated with an optically thinner material. The laws of physics ensure that a light beam is kept inside such a fibre thanks to total reflection and that it can be transported over long distances without significant loss. Such optical fibres are therefore widely used worldwide to transport light of different spectral ranges from the infrared up to the visible light range. UV light, however, has a shorter wavelength and is therefore strongly absorbed by the glass used in most types of optical fibres and the fibres are quickly damaged by UV light.

At the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light (MPL) in Erlangen, experiments with other types of optical fibre have been carried out for a few years. Now, it has turned out that a certain type of optical fibre is particularly well-suited for UV light: a microstructured photonic crystal fibre (PCF) with a so-called "Kagome structure" a special pattern consisting of triangles and of hexagons in a regular arrangement and a hollow core of 20 m in diameter. This core ensures a single-mode guiding of the light i.e. with a spatial intensity distribution similar to the shape of a Gaussian bell-shaped curve. The crucial question was to know whether this transport was really single-mode and damage-free, and this is what the metrological experts from the QUEST Institute at PTB had to find out. Their investigations have shown that in the case of the UV beam used, with a wavelength of 280 nm, single-mode transmission was possible and that even after more than 100 hours in operation at a power of 15 mW, no UV-induced damage could be detected.

The optical fibres have even passed a first application test: the researchers at the QUEST Institute have used them successfully for their spectroscopic investigations on trapped ions. Stabilized by the new fibre, the UV laser beam allows an improved interrogation of the ions' internal state. Besides the users of such spectroscopic methods (for example in astronomy, chemistry or fundamental research in physics), this could also be useful for researchers who are developing quantum computers, since in that field, the internal states of a particle are the new digital 0s and 1s. es/ptb


'/>"/>

Contact: Piet O. Schmidt
Piet.Schmidt@quantummetrology.de
49-053-159-24700
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB)
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Optical waveguide connects semiconductor chips
2. Optical boomerangs, ultralight fractal materials, and more
3. New optical tweezers trap specimens just a few nanometers across
4. Psychemedics & TruTouch Announce US Sales/Marketing Distribution Agreement For TruTouch Technologies Rapid Optical Alcohol Detection & Biometric Test
5. Green photon beams more agile than optical tweezers
6. Pollen influences optical properties of the atmosphere
7. Optical nano-tweezers take over the control of nano-objects
8. Exquisitely engineered human vision featured in Optical Engineering
9. Packing hundreds of sensors into a single optical fiber for use in harsh environments
10. Killer silk: Making silk fibers that kill anthrax and other microbes in minutes
11. Nanocrystal-coated fibers might reduce wasted energy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Hollow optical fibers for UV light
(Date:12/7/2016)... -- According to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and ... Recognition), Service, Application Area, End User, And Region - Global Forecast to 2021", ... Billion in 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Valencell , the leading innovator in ... a third consecutive year of triple digit growth for ... with a 360 percent increase in companies who have ... driven by sales of its wrist and ear Benchmarkâ„¢ ... technology for hearables for fitness and healthcare applications. ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... FRANCISCO and WARSAW, Poland , Nov. 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... It is one of the most crucial aspects of recovery so we need to ... of serious health risks, including heart problems, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and even ... and friends sleep and find a Christmas present that could help them to manage ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016  Soligenix, Inc. (OTCQB: SNGX) (Soligenix or ... developing and commercializing products to treat rare diseases ... today the long-term follow-up data from its Phase ... Innate Defense Regulator (IDR), in the treatment of ... patients undergoing chemoradiation therapy (CRT).  The additional 12-month ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Fla. , Dec. 8, 2016  HedgePath ... company that discovers, develops and plans to commercialize ... its shares of common stock were approved for ... will begin trading on the OTCQX, effective today, ... qualify for the OTCQX market, companies must meet ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 Eutilex Co. Ltd. today announced that ... Series A financing. This financing round included participation from ... SNU Bio Angel. This new funding brings the total ... $27.7M) since its founding in 2015. ... and commercialization of its immuno-oncology programs, expand its R&D ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016   Biocept, Inc ... commercial provider of clinically actionable liquid biopsy tests ... that clinical data featuring its Target Selectorâ„¢ Circulating ... biopsy for the detection of actionable biomarkers in ... research sponsored by Sara Cannon Research Institute (SCRI), ...
Breaking Biology Technology: