Navigation Links
High-strength material advancements at Wayne State University may lead to new, life-saving steel
Date:11/5/2012

DETROIT There has been great advancements in the development of the high-strength steel and the need for additional enhancements continue to grow. Various industries have a need for structural components that are lighter and stronger, improve energy efficiencies, reduce emissions and pollution increase safety and cost less to produce, particularly in the automotive industry.

A group of researchers in Wayne State University's College of Engineering have been working to create advanced materials with high-yield strength, fracture toughness and ductility. Their efforts have led to the development of a new material consisting of bainitic steels and austempered ductile iron that has all these characteristics, ultimately resisting fatigue that can cause fractures in materials often with catastrophic consequences.

The group, led by Susil Putatunda, Ph.D., professor of chemical engineering and materials science in WSU's College of Engineering, has focused on developing novel materials using unique processing technique. These materials are processed from existing raw materials used in the steel industry and can be heat treated using currently available industrial austempering process. According to Putatunda, this third generation advanced high strength steel has a number of advantages over the currently available steels currently being used in industry today.

"Our steel has twice the yield strength, has a very high tensile strength, and is close to three times the fracture toughness over advanced steels currently on the market," said Putatunda. "In addition, it has improved strength for fatigue and impact, improved durability, lower weight, and the austempering process reduces energy consumption and eliminates the post-treatment process."

The new steel being developed by Putatunda's research group is a high bainitic steel with an extremely fine scale microstructure consisting of ferrite and carbon stabilized austenite. It has high carbon and high silicon content, and after the austempering process - an isothermal heat treatment - produced a structure that is stronger and tougher than other types of steel. The austempering process is a more energy efficient heat treatment process that does not require post-heat treatment, therefore leading to additional energy savings.

Putatunda continues to do research on his high-strength steel through the support of the National Science Foundation, the Michigan Initiative for Innovation & Entrepreneurship, and Applied Process, Inc. Independent ballistic tests done in Canada have been conducted and have shown excellent results. As a consequence, the steel may be useful in improvised ballistic explosive attacks.

"The steel has been found to have the strength and durability necessary for armored vehicles to resist improvised explosive devices because of its extremely high fracture toughness," said Putatunda. "Our steel could potentially save human lives against explosive attacks."

This technology is ideally suited for cast steel parts and is currently in the manufacturing validation development stage at a steel casting plant.


'/>"/>
Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Food industrys high-quality co-streams used effectively as raw material for new products
2. Origami inspires research into materials that self-assemble when exposed to light
3. Super-strong, high-tech material found to be toxic to aquatic animals
4. Soybeans susceptible to man-made materials in soil
5. Scientists shed light on glowing materials
6. UA engineering professor uses aerospace materials to build endless pipeline
7. New bacteria-resistant materials discovered
8. Physicists explore properties of electrons in revolutionary material
9. Composite nanofibers developed by Penn scientists next chapter in orthopaedic biomaterials
10. The future of biomaterial manufacturing: Spider silk production from bacteria
11. Harnessing the Materials Genome Conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/12/2017)... Jan. 12, 2017  New research undertaken by Fit ... the future.  1,000 participants were simply asked which office technology ... we may consider standard issue.  Insights on what will ... also gathered from futurists and industry leaders including Penelope ... Canton .  Some of these findings ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... Jan. 5, 2017  SomaLogic announced today that ... Alliance" established by iCarbonX, the China ... a "Global Digital Health Ecosystem that can define ... of individual,s biological, behavioral and psychological data, the ... the companies, SomaLogic will provide proteomics data and ...
(Date:12/22/2016)... VIEW, Calif. , Dec. 20, 2016  As part ... levels, 23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, recently released its ... Me . The book focuses on the topics of ... Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) taught in elementary school classrooms ... second in a series by illustrator Ariana Killoran , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... product vigilance software to leading biopharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers and regulators, is ... fully 21 CFR Part 11-compliant email client designed to provide product vigilance departments ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 19, 2017  ArmaGen, Inc., today announced ... Ph.D., as chief executive officer, as well as ... brings to ArmaGen more than 17 years of ... development of biotherapeutics and pharmaceuticals. ... diverse experience and skillset necessary to lead ArmaGen ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... The American Medical Informatics Association ... Data Sharing Policy. Specifically, the nation’s leading informatics experts, said data sharing plans ... policy. AMIA recommended that NIH earmark funding for researchers to produce and execute ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... , ... FireflySci Inc. is a go-getter type of company that continues to ... two main factors. The first is the amazing customer service that the FireflySci ... all around the world. , 2016 was a tremendous sales year for FFS and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: