Navigation Links
Herpes virus infection drives HIV infection among non-injecting drug users in New York
Date:6/27/2014

HIV and its transmission has long been associated with injecting drug use, where hypodermic syringes are used to administer illicit drugs. Now, a newly reported study by researchers affiliated with New York University's Center for Drug Use and HIV Research (CDUHR) in the journal PLOS ONE, shows that HIV infection among heterosexual non-injecting drug users (no hypodermic syringe is used; drugs are taken orally or nasally) in New York City (NYC) has now surpassed HIV infection among persons who inject drugs.

The study, "HSV-2 Co-Infection as a Driver of HIV Transmission among Heterosexual Non-Injecting Drug Users in New York City," was conducted among drug users entering the Mount Sinai Beth Israel drug treatment programs in NYC. The researchers found that HIV infection among non-injecting drug users doubled over the last two decades, from 7% infected in the late 1990s (n= 785) to 14% (n=1764) currently. During this same time-frame, HIV infection among persons who inject drugs fell to 10%.

The increased efficiency for transmitting HIV occurs even when persons with herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) are between outbreaks, as herpes increases both susceptibility to and transmissibility of HIV. More than half of the non-injecting drug users in the study were infected with HSV-2.

"Heterosexual intercourse is usually not very efficient for transmitting HIV, but the efficiency of heterosexual transmission nearly triples in the presence of herpes simplex virus type 2," notes the study's lead author, Don Des Jarlais, PhD, Deputy Director, Research Methods and Infectious Diseases Cores, Center for Drug Use and HIV Research (CDUHR) and Professor of Psychiatry and of Preventive Medicine at Mount Sinai Beth Israel. "In New York City, we have done an excellent job of reducing HIV among persons who inject drugs and we must now put more efforts into reducing sexual transmission associated with non-injecting drug use."

The study concludes
'/>"/>

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Herpesviruses undercover
2. Herpes-loaded stem cells used to kill brain tumors
3. New research on inherited herpesvirus may have implications for transplantation
4. Herpes infections: Natural killer cells activate hematopoiesis
5. How herpesvirus invades nervous system
6. Einstein study reveals new approach for stopping herpes infections
7. Novel treatment approach for bladder pain using a herpes simplex virus vector reported
8. Princeton researchers identify unexpected bottleneck in the spread of herpes simplex virus
9. How and why herpes viruses reactivate to cause disease
10. USAMRIID research sheds light on how deadly lassa virus infects cells
11. New infections cause dormant viruses to reactivate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 9, 2015 Valid S.A. ("Company") (BM&FBOVESPA: ... market in general the State of Washington,s ... for a new enrollment and central issuance system for driver,s ... The project planning and development will start in ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015  Today, FreeWavz ( www.FreeWavz.com ), the developer ... on Fundable, https://www.fundable.com/freewavz . FreeWavz will be ... to meet customer demand. Logo - ... Invented by Dr. ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Wis. , Jan. 15, 2015  BellBrook Labs, ... drug discovery, announced the launch of a TR-FRET ... the company,s Transcreener UDP Assay, a high throughput ... The new assay will allow for sensitive detection ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Valid USA Signs Contract For Washington Driver's License Issuance 2FreeWavz Launches on Fundable to Drive Speed-to-Market in 2015 2BellBrook Labs Launches a High Throughput Screening Assay for Glycosyltransferases with TR-FRET Readout 2
... of new biocomposites based on the transformation of ... the construction sector. These innovative materials will be ... a European Commission FP7 collaborative project co-participated by ... EMPA (CH), EXERGY (UK), VERTECH (FR), TECNARO ...
... monumental project that traces its origins back to the ... the final volume of " Intermountain Flora ," which ... the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains in the American ... references for the preservation of natural resources and wilderness ...
... nearly 260 years -- since Carl Linnaeus developed his system ... on visual attributes like color, shape and size. In the ... accurately identify species. A group of single-celled algae -- ... to their survival -- are only now being separated into ...
Cached Biology News:TECNALIA leads research to develop new biocomposites based on wheat straw and recycled paper 2NYBG press publishes final volume of landmark 'Intermountain Flora' series 2NYBG press publishes final volume of landmark 'Intermountain Flora' series 3NYBG press publishes final volume of landmark 'Intermountain Flora' series 4NYBG press publishes final volume of landmark 'Intermountain Flora' series 5DNA analysis aids in classifying single-celled algae 2
(Date:3/3/2015)... 2015 Elsevier,s DirectCourse online ... competency-based training to comply with new CMS requirements ... a new crosswalk tool to help providers ... for direct service workers as a means to comply ... regulations. CMS amended the regulations, effective March ...
(Date:3/3/2015)... , March 3, 2015  Synthetic Biologics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... diseases, with a focus on protecting the microbiome, announced today ... to present at the 27th Annual ROTH Conference being held ... Niguel in Dana Point, CA. ... 10, 2015 at 1:00 p.m. (Pacific Time). A ...
(Date:3/3/2015)... Nev. , March 3, 2015  PDL BioPharma, ... ) today announced that the third of three shareholder ... dismissed without prejudice. On February 2, 2015, ... last September on behalf of a putative class of ... Inc., et al., No. 2:14-CV-01526-APG-NJK (D. Nev.), was voluntarily ...
(Date:3/3/2015)... 2, 2015  Phillip Sharp, Institute Professor at the Massachusetts ... of Biology and the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, ... Heritage Day , May 14, at the Chemical Heritage ... Gold Medal since it was first awarded to ... 1977 Phil Sharp gave the scientific world a new ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Elsevier's DirectCourse Can Help States Meet and Exceed New CMS Requirements for Home and Community-Based Services 2Elsevier's DirectCourse Can Help States Meet and Exceed New CMS Requirements for Home and Community-Based Services 3Synthetic Biologics to Present at the 27th Annual ROTH Conference 2PDL BioPharma Announces Dismissal of Third and Final Shareholder Lawsuit 2Phillip Sharp to Receive 2015 Othmer Gold Medal 2Phillip Sharp to Receive 2015 Othmer Gold Medal 3
... announced,today that it has initiated coverage on MediciNova ... drug development pipeline for treating a,variety of diseases ... two,drug development programs; the first is MN-221 for ... 2,000,000 visits to the emergency room,a year for ...
... PRXL ), a leading global biopharmaceutical services,organization, ... Goldberg, M.D.,to Chief Operating Officer (COO). Dr. Goldberg ... Perceptive Informatics at,PAREXEL. He will continue to oversee ... von Rickenbach, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of ...
... 16 The Repair Stem Cell Institute LLC,(RSCI; ... global,public affairs organization, today announced the formation of ... of the world,s leading stem cell,medical, science and ... has offices located in Washington, D.C. and Bangkok., ...
Cached Biology Technology:Vista Partners Initiates Coverage on MediciNova Inc. (Nasdaq: MNOV) 2PAREXEL Promotes Dr. Mark A. Goldberg to Chief Operating Officer 2PAREXEL Promotes Dr. Mark A. Goldberg to Chief Operating Officer 3PAREXEL Promotes Dr. Mark A. Goldberg to Chief Operating Officer 4Repair Stem Cell Institute Announces Science Advisory Board 2Repair Stem Cell Institute Announces Science Advisory Board 3
alpha/beta-Tubulin Antibody Ship: Hot Store: -20 C...
Anti-Kusabira Orange Monoclonal Antibody Description: 100 g Research Focus: tag Storage: -20C Shipping Temperature: 4C...
Mouse monoclonal [CIG 3A11/5] to Cig2 (rating: *****) ( Abpromise for all tested applications)....
Phospho-CD18 (Ser756/Thr758/759) Antibody Shipping Temperature: HOT Storage Temperature: -20C...
Biology Products: