Navigation Links
Herbicide-resistant grape could revitalize Midwest wine industry
Date:10/14/2008

An herbicide that is effective at killing broadleaf weeds in corn, but also annihilated most of the grapes in Illinois and other Midwestern states, may finally have a worthy contender. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a new grape called Improved Chancellor which is resistant to the popular herbicide 2, 4-D.

"In 1946, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic or 2, 4-D was introduced. It was a wonder herbicide," said Robert Skirvin, plant biologist in the College ofAgriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences. "It works really well in corn and wheat and grass crops because it kills the broadleaves, so the grasses are resistant to it, but grapes are incredibly sensitive to it."

Skirvin said that 1/100th of the amount of 2, 4-D commonly used on corn to kill broadleaves, will kill grapes. Today, more than 50 years after it was introduced, it's still the third most widely used herbicide in the United States.

The discovery of the gene that makes Improved Chancellor resistant to 2, 4-D came about by accident. "The USDA found a soil bacterium that had a gene that breaks down 2, 4-D. Someone noticed that after spilling 2, 4-D on the ground, something in the soil broke it up metabolized it. They were looking for something to control pollution and discovered this soil bacterium instead," said Robert Skirvin, plant biologist in the Collegeof Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences.

Skirvin received permission to use the bacterial gene and began in 2002 to transfer it to a grape that would ultimately be resistant to 2, 4-D. He and his graduate student Richard Mulwa followed standard genetic engineering techniques in order to transfer the gene to grape cells. "Selecting the transformed cells is the most delicate stage of the process because out of hundreds of thousands of cells, there may be only 25 cells that actually contain the gene," said Skirvin.

He explained that in order to locate the cells that have t
'/>"/>

Contact: Debra Levey Larson
dlarson@illinois.edu
217-244-2880
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Characterization of grapevine transposons furthers understanding of in vino variety
2. Fresh from the grapevine to the table
3. Study results: new recommendations for grape growers
4. New study shows Concord grape juice has a heart-healthy effect not yet reported with red wine
5. Researchers design artificial cells that could power medical implants
6. Discovery of natural compounds that could slow blood vessel growth
7. So-called sandfish could help materials handling and process technology specialists
8. UNC study on properties of carbon nanotubes, water could have wide-ranging implications
9. Nanodiamond drug device could transform cancer treatment
10. Research about plant viruses could lead to new ways to improve crop yields
11. Saliva proteins could help detection of oral cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... RALEIGH, N.C. , Dec. 16, 2014 ... has licensed its PerformTek biometric technology to industry leaders ... their highly accurate, clinically validated, biometric wearable products. These ... January 6-9 in Las Vegas . ... the technology is accurate, flexible and robust – with ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... 09, 2014 Research and Markets ... ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition ... Region 2015-2019"  report to their offering. ... is advances in technology. With continuous advances in ... to the latest standard that meets the needs ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... , Dec. 8, 2014 You,ve been here ... account but can,t remember your password, site key or the ... was your first grade teacher? Today, ... the app that will finally put an end to ... 1U TM . 1U leverages a user,s smartphone ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Valencell PerformTek Biometrics Power the Most Accurate Wearables at CES 2015 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3
... How long your parents lived does not affect how long you ... determines how old you will get, reveals research from the University ... . It is often assumed that people with parents who ... a grand old age themselves. "But that,s just not true ...
... A team of applied physicists at Harvard,s School ... have demonstrated the formation of semipermeable vesicles from inorganic ... the journal Soft Matter, shows that clay ... complex organic molecules. The authors say the discovery ...
... contains antioxidants which may be beneficial to health. New research ... demonstrates that chocolate is a rich source of antioxidants ... When researchers at the Hershey Center for Health & ... powders they found that, gram per gram, there was more ...
Cached Biology News:Lifestyle affects life expectancy more than genetics 2Clay-armored bubbles may have formed first protocells 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... Lawrence, MA (PRWEB) December 19, 2014 ... flow MRLAFMQ test for the Detection of Aflatoxin M1 ... test to receive independent third party validation. The peer ... Science Unit of the Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries ... Francis Group. , Aflatoxin B1, the most toxic ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 19, 2014 Naurex Inc., a ... drugs for diseases of the central nervous system, today ... chief executive officer, will present at the 33 rd ... will take place at 3:00 p.m. PST on Tuesday, ... San Francisco, Calif. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... REDWOOD CITY, Calif. , Dec. 19, 2014 ... , USA) announced today that they have been ... Technologies 1,2 is a privately held company that ... processing of next generation sequencing (NGS) data for the ... into the Roche Sequencing Unit, and will continue to ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... --Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/fhh9rj/technology ) ... Innovations in Smart Fabrics (Technical Insights)" report ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 The Research Service titled ... assessment on technological advancements and market for Smart ... 1. The Smart Fabrics market is expected to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Charm Sciences Achieves Independent Validation of First 15 Minute Quantitative Screening Method for Aflatoxin M1 2Naurex to Present at 33rd Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 3Technology Innovations in Smart Fabrics (Technical Insights) 2
... of Commerce (Commerce) has qualified NovaScan, LLC, Milwaukee, for ... Venture Fund Tax Credit Programs. , ,"These tax credits ... us attract qualified angels to fund the next phase ... Larry Wells, CEO of NovaScan. "This program should increase ...
... and one of those is Blue Security , which ... Intrude Registry" early last week. , ,The concept is like ... from ruining your dinner. Instead of the threat of fines ... community of users. , ,Claims to the contrary aside, Blue ...
... and Health System in Milwaukee is expanding ... advanced clinical information solution and is deploying additional ... of Boca Raton, Fla. , ,The additional Eclipsys ... Sunrise Secure Health Messaging, and Knowledge-Based Charting, a ...
Cached Biology Technology:Fighting spam via blue frogs 2Fighting spam via blue frogs 3
DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box polypeptide 5...
...
RayBio L Series 507: RayBio Label-based Antibody Array I (1 glass slide with 2 subarrays) Class: Antibody Array Products Product Group: Antibody Array...
Rat CXCL7/Thymus Chemokine-1 DuoSet Economy Pack, 45 Plate...
Biology Products: