Navigation Links
Hepatitis C virus faces new weapon from Florida State scientists
Date:9/29/2010

In recent human trials for a promising new class of drug designed to target the hepatitis C virus (HCV) without shutting down the immune system, some of the HCV strains being treated exhibited signs of drug resistance.

In response, an interdisciplinary team of Florida State University biologists, chemists and biomedical researchers devised a novel genetic screening method that can identify the drug-resistant HCV strains and the molecular-level mechanisms that make them that way helping drug developers to tailor specific therapies to circumvent them.

The potentially life-saving technology also works when screening other viruses with drug-resistance issues, notably human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and influenza.

More than 170 million people worldwide are infected with HCV, which leads to both acute and chronic liver diseases.

"In collaboration with pharmaceutical firm Gilead Sciences and researchers from the University of Heidelberg (Germany), what our research team discovered was how the latest drug for HCV works and what changes in the virus that makes it resistant to this unique therapy," said Hengli Tang, a Florida State University molecular biologist.

"This is knowledge that is essential to drug developers focused on HCV," said Tang, "but equally important is that our method, which we call 'CoFIM' (Cofactor-independent mutant) screening, can also be applied to other drug targets and other viruses.

"And, since we now understand how this latest class of drug works and what causes resistance to it, we can better select other classes of drugs with distinct mechanisms in other words, those that target other parts of the virus in order to craft a combination therapy, which is the future of HCV therapy and the key to overcoming drug resistance."

The groundbreaking research is described in a paper published online in the September 2010 issue of the journal PLoS Pathogens.

Florida State biology doctoral student Feng Yang led the research team. The award-winning scholar earned her Ph.D. in August 2010 and is now a postdoctoral associate at Yale University. Yang designed the CoFIM screening methodology with fellow FSU graduate students, postdoctoral associates and distinguished faculty colleagues including Associate Professor Tang; chemistry/biochemistry Professor Timothy M. Logan, director of FSU's Institute of Molecular Biophysics; and Research Assistant Professor Ewa A. Bienkiewicz, of the FSU College of Medicine, where she directs the Biomedical Proteomics Laboratory.

Driving the team's development of CoFIM screening was the need to identify key "cellular cofactors" and their mechanisms of action a fundamental aspect of virus-host interaction research.

"'Cellular cofactors' are proteins that normally exist in host cells that have been hijacked by viruses to facilitate viral replication." Tang said. "They became accomplices to the invading viruses.

"Our research team was the first to show that 'cyclophilin A' (CyPA) is an essential cellular cofactor for hepatitis C virus infection and the direct target of a new class of clinical anti-HCV compounds, which include cyclosporine A (CsA)-based drugs that are devoid of immunosuppressive function," Tang said.

"In addition, we went a step further than other research teams by employing our newly developed CoFIM screening method, which we used to demonstrate not only HCV's dependence on cellular cofactor cyclophilin A and susceptibility to cyclosporine A drugs but also to uncover the molecular-level regulators that determine those two traits in the virus."

Those molecular-level regulators are known as "small interfering RNA libraries" collections of molecules so named for their size and ability to suppress gene expression. They act to individually suppress every gene in the cell, resulting in different consequences depending upon which gene is suppressed by a given member in the library.

The CoFIM screening method involves inducing or "coaxing" the HCV virus to mutate by itself, in vitro, absent the replication assistance it normally receives from a particular cellular cofactor. Then, CoFIM tracks the changes in the virus's response both to CsA-based drugs and any other drug designed to inhibit the cofactor.


'/>"/>

Contact: Hengli Tang
tang@bio.fsu.edu
850-645-2402
Florida State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Discovery of a hepatitis C-related virus in bats may reduce outbreaks in humans
2. Small genetic variant can predict response to hepatitis C treatment
3. New insights into treatment options for patients suffering from severe alcoholic hepatitis
4. Enzyme deficiency protects hepatitis C patients from treatment-related anemia
5. Natural compound blocks hepatitis C infection
6. Toward explaining why hepatitis B hits men harder than women
7. Largest-ever database for liver proteins may lead to treatments for hepatitis
8. The hepatitis healing power of blueberry leaves
9. First human gets new antibody aimed at hepatitis C virus
10. Novel antibody prevents infection by hepatitis C virus
11. Biolex presents Locteron US Phase 2a hepatitis C data at EASL
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Hepatitis C virus faces new weapon from Florida State scientists
(Date:3/29/2016)... LegacyXChange, Inc. (OTC: LEGX ... Protect are pleased to announce our successful effort to ... of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures against counterfeiting and ... athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured of ongoing proof ... Bill Bollander , CEO states, "By inserting ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... 2016 --> --> ... Manned & Unmanned Vehicles, Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance & ... the border security market and the continuing migration crisis in ... Europe has led visiongain to publish this unique ... --> defence & security companies in the border ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... , Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... ) - --> - Renvoi : image ... --> --> ... biométriques, fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour ... de DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... During a two day program for start-up ... CereScan’s CEO, John Kelley, joined other Denver business leaders in providing business basics ... Denver area business community, shared his top fundamental learnings in building an effective, ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... PUNE, India , April 28, 2016 ... PT, JT, Stirling, and Brayton Cryocoolers), Service (Technical Support, ... Application, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published ... to USD 2.94 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR ... Browse 70 market data Tables and 94 Figures spread ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... QuickSTAT has made significant investments in recruiting top industry experts, and expanding its ... Platform, which provides industry-leading tools for clients to manage their clinical trial projects. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... , ... The Pittcon Organizing Committee is pleased to announce that Charles “Chuck” ... of Committee since 1987. Since then, he has served in a number of key ... for both the program and exposition committees. In his professional career, Dr. Gardner is ...
Breaking Biology Technology: