Navigation Links
Helping dementia patients remember to eat well improves physical and mental health

A new analysis has found that a combination of methods that help patients with dementia remember proper eating habits can improve their physical health and lessen symptoms of depression. Published early online in the Journal of Advanced Nursing, the study indicates that clinicians should consider using this intervention in individuals with dementia who also have poor nutrition and signs of depression.

In patients with dementia, poor nutrition or decreased food intake may cause symptoms of depression. Investigators including Li-Chan Lin, RN, PhD, of the National Yang-Ming University, in Taipei, Taiwan, tested the effectiveness of a combination of methods to train patients with dementia to remember proper eating habits. The intervention incorporated a method called spaced retrievala kind of memory training that requires an individual to recall a piece of information at increasing time intervalsand Montessori-based activities, through which structured activities related to daily life are sequentially and repetitively practiced.

Twenty-five participants received spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities with a total of 24 fixed group sessions. Thirty-eight participants received the same intervention with sessions that were adjusted according to each participant's learning response. Twenty-seven control participants just received routine care. Tests for depression, body mass index, and nutrition were conducted before and after the sessions, as well as at one, three, and six months later.

The tests revealed that nutrition improved and body mass index increased over time for individuals receiving either type of intervention with spaced retrieval and Montessori-based activities. Also, depression scores were reduced in parallel with nutrition improvement in participants who received interventions adjusted according to each participant's learning response.

"It has been shown that spaced retrieval or Montessori-based activities can improve eating ability. In our research, besides improving eating ability, improved nutrition, increased body mass index, and a moderating effect on depressive symptoms are produced by spaced retrieval combined with Montessori-based activities," said Dr. Lin. "We expect that this combined intervention can produce greater effects than spaced retrieval or Montessori-based activities can alone."


Contact: Amy Molnar

Related biology news :

1. Helping the nose know
2. Helping pigs to digest phosphorus
3. Helping family is key for social birds
4. Worries about dementia how hospitalization affects the elderly
5. Vitamin C and beta-carotene might protect against dementia
6. Manchester patients take part in pioneering heart attack blood test trial
7. Physical activity linked to lower rates of depression in bariatric surgery patients
8. Joslin scientists find first human iPSC from patients with maturity onset diabetes of the young
9. The potential of psilocybin to alleviate psychological distress in cancer patients is revealed
10. Patients own skin cells are transformed into heart cells to create disease in a dish
11. Planning for bacteria in cancer patients may help hospitals fight infections
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/12/2015)... Nov. 12, 2015  A golden retriever that stayed ... dystrophy (DMD) has provided a new lead for treating ... the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and the ... . Cell, pinpoints a protective ... the disease,s effects. The Boston Children,s lab of ...
(Date:11/10/2015)... YORK , Nov. 10, 2015 ... to behavioral biometrics that helps to identify and ... fraud. Signature is considered as the secure and ... the identification of a particular individual because each ... more accurate results especially when dynamic signature of ...
(Date:10/29/2015)...   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based eClinical ... research, is pleased to announce that it has been ... one of only three finalists for a 2015 ... Growing" category. The Tekne Awards honor Minnesota ... innovation and leadership. iMedNet™ eClinical ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... -- Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI), the genomics-based, technology-driven company, ... Inc., a leading genome informatics company offering highly accurate, ... San Diego -based company has 14 ... Ashley Van Zeeland , Ph.D., who is now ... the deal were not disclosed. Van ...
(Date:11/30/2015)...  Aytu BioScience, Inc. (OTCQB: AYTU), a commercial-stage specialty ... present at two upcoming investor conferences. Aytu is scheduled ... conference, to be held December 3, 2015, and at ... December 2 nd & 3 rd , 2015 ... live via webcast. Josh Disbrow , Chief ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Md. , Nov. 30, 2015  Northwest Biotherapeutics ... company developing DCVax® personalized immune therapies for solid tumor ... adding an additional independent director, and the Company welcomes ... of allegations in a recent anonymous internet report on ... both initiatives. Linda Powers stated, "We ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... • Jeon Jin Bio ... porcine and rodent control solutions , Bird ... oil, works across all sensory modalities including visual, smell, taste and touch, enabling safe, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: