Navigation Links
Health choices predict cancer survival, U-M study finds
Date:4/1/2009

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Head and neck cancer patients who smoked, drank, didn't exercise or didn't eat enough fruit when they were diagnosed had worse survival outcomes than those with better health habits, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

"While there has been a recent emphasis on biomarkers and genes that might be linked to cancer survival, the health habits a person has at diagnosis play a major role in his or her survival," says study author Sonia Duffy, Ph.D., R.N., associate professor of nursing at the U-M School of Nursing, research assistant professor of otolaryngology at the U-M Medical School, and research scientist at the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System.

Each of the factors was independently associated with survival. Results of the study appear online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

The researchers surveyed 504 head and neck cancer patients about five health behaviors: smoking, alcohol use, diet, exercise and sleep. Patients were surveyed every three months for two years then yearly after that.

Smoking was the biggest predictor of survival, with current smokers having the shortest survival. Problem drinking and low fruit intake were also associated with worse survival, although vegetable intake was not. Lack of exercise also appears to decrease survival.

"Health behaviors are only sporadically addressed in busy oncology clinics where the major focus is on surgery, chemotherapy or radiation. Addressing health behaviors may enhance the survival advantage offered by these treatments," says Duffy, a U-M Cancer Center investigator.

Complicating matters is that many of these health behaviors are inter-related. For example, smokers might also be heavy drinkers, making it more difficult to quit. It's not enough, Duffy points out, to refer someone to a smoking cessation program if alcohol is a major underlying problem.

In addition, previous research has associated many of these health behaviors with preventing cancer. In the current study, a third of the patients reported eating fewer than four servings of fruit per month. Nutrition experts recommend two servings of fruit per day.

"Eating fruits and vegetables, not smoking and drinking in moderation can have a big impact on a person's risk of getting cancer in the first place. Now it appears that these factors also impact survival after diagnosis," Duffy says.

The next step for the researchers is to look at behavior changes over time to determine if changing health habits when a person is diagnosed can impact survival. That will help determine what types of interventions or services should be offered to patients in the clinic.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Exploring the dynamic relationship between health and environment
2. The sunlight solution for better health
3. NIH funds research center for womens reproductive health at Einstein
4. NJIT receives $20,000 grant from Horizon Foundation to promote teen health
5. Lincoln Park Zoo scientists awarded National Institutes of Health grant
6. Doctors endorse vegan and vegetarian diets for healthy pregnancies
7. Healthy food availability could depend on where you live -- so does the quality of your diet
8. Experiment of nature examines how mothers diet may impact on childs health
9. Toxicology program features wide range of human health and environment topical sessions
10. Queens University Belfast improves Malaysian public health
11. Childhood chicken pox could affect oral health years later
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/15/2016)... York , March 15, 2016 ... market report published by Transparency Market Research "Digital Door Lock ... and Forecast 2015 - 2023," the global digital door lock ... 731.9 Mn in 2014 and is forecast to grow at ... Growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... MELBOURNE, Florida , March 14, 2016 ... on the growing mobile commerce market, announces the airing of ... York channels starting the week of March 21 st . ... and CNBC, including its popular Squawk on the Street show. ... company focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces the ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... HANOVER, Germany , March 11, 2016 ... - Cross reference: Picture is available at AP Images ( ... scanner from DERMALOG will be used to produce the new refugee ... of other biometric innovations, at CeBIT in Hanover ... LF10 scanner from DERMALOG will be used to produce the new ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... MedDay, a biotechnology company focused on the treatment of ... as Chairman of its Board of Directors. Catherine ... who contributed to the rapid development of the Company since ... her career in strategy consulting and investment banking in ...  She held C-Suite level roles in some of ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2016 , ... The ... has been selected as one of three finalists for the European Inventor Award 2016 ... annual innovation prize will be announced at a ceremony in Lisbon on June 9th. ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 26, 2016 , ... BioFactura, Inc ., a biopharmaceutical research and ... Healthy investor interest drove significant oversubscription of the original $1.5M target. The ... to the advanced preclinical stages. , Chief Executive Officer and President, Darryl Sampey ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 26, 2016 , ... The Institute ... its first round of pre-proposal competition for scientific grants. , The IVS funds ... ideas with the highest potential to replace paradigms that have outlived their usefulness. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: