Navigation Links
'Haven't my neurons seen this before?'
Date:8/24/2014

PITTSBURGHThe world grows increasingly more chaotic year after year, and our brains are constantly bombarded with images. A new study from Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition (CNBC), a joint project between Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh, reveals how neurons in the part of the brain responsible for recognizing objects respond to being shown a barrage of images. The study is published online by Nature Neuroscience.

The CNBC researchers showed animal subjects a rapid succession of images, some that were new, and some that the subjects had seen more than 100 times. The researchers measured the electrical response of individual neurons in the inferotemporal cortex, an essential part of the visual system and the part of the brain responsible for object recognition.

In previous studies, researchers found that when subjects were shown a single, familiar image, their neurons responded less strongly than when they were shown an unfamiliar image. However, in the current study, the CNBC researchers found that when subjects were exposed to familiar and unfamiliar images in a rapid succession, their neurons especially the inhibitory neurons fired much more strongly and selectively to images the subject had seen many times before.

"It was such a dramatic effect, it leapt out at us," said Carl Olson, a professor at Carnegie Mellon. "You wouldn't expect there to be such deep changes in the brain from simply making things familiar. We think this may be a mechanism the brain uses to track a rapidly changing visual environment."

The researchers then ran a similar experiment in which they used themselves as subjects, recording their brain activity using EEG. They found that the humans' brains responded similarly to the animal subjects' brains when presented with familiar or unfamiliar images in rapid succession. In future studies, they hope to link these changes in the brain to improvements in perception and cognition.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Glycogen accumulation in neurons causes brain damage and shortens the lives of flies and mice
2. Astrocytes control the generation of new neurons from neural stem cells
3. Persistent sync for neurons
4. Neurons made from stem cells drive brain activity after transplantation in laboratory model
5. Stress-resilience/susceptibility traced to neurons in reward circuit
6. Neuronal activity induces tau release from healthy neurons
7. Age-related dementia may begin with neurons inability to dispose of unwanted proteins
8. Vitamin P as a potential approach for the treatment of damaged motor neurons
9. Serotonin mediates exercise-induced generation of new neurons
10. Down syndrome neurons grown from stem cells show signature problems
11. Weapons testing data determines brain makes new neurons into adulthood
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Haven't my neurons seen this before?'
(Date:3/18/2016)... , March 18, 2016 ... Suppliers of Biometrics, ICT, Manned & Unmanned Vehicles, Physical infrastructure ... & security companies in the border security market and the ... and Europe has led visiongain ... companies improved success. --> defence & security ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... HANOVER , Allemagne, March 14, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... http://www.apimages.com ) - --> - ... ) - --> ... les solutions biométriques, fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes ... lecteur LF10 de DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... , March 9, 2016 This BCC Research ... states of the RNA Sequencing (RNA Seq) market for ... as instruments, tools and reagents, data analysis, and services. ... segments of the RNA-Sequencing market such as RNA-Sequencing tools ... the main factors affecting each segment and forecast their ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... features a variety of fracture-specific plating options designed to address fractures of the ... fracture fixation solutions. , The Acumed Ankle Plating System 3 is composed of ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... create efficiencies in healthcare information exchange, today announced that Charles W. Stellar has been ... served as WEDI’s interim CEO since January 2016. As an executive leader with more ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016   MedyMatch Technology Ltd ., the ... intelligence, real-time decision support tools in the emergency room, announced ... 2016 Israeli Advanced Technology Industries (IATI) BioMed Conference. ... 15th National Life Sciences and Technology Week, and ... Intercontinental Hotel in Tel Aviv, Israel . ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... That Will Drive Precision Farming in 2017 and Beyond. The paper outlines the ... in the precision ag industry. , “We’ve witnessed a lot of highs and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: