Navigation Links
HIV sufferers need hepatitis safeguards
Date:3/27/2013

Stronger protections are needed to prevent people with HIV from also becoming infected with hepatitis, researchers argue in a new study led by Michigan State University.

Behaviors that put people at higher risk of contracting HIV sharing needles, having unprotected sex or getting blood transfusions, for instance also raise their risk of getting hepatitis B or C, diseases that attack the liver and, if untreated, can be deadly.

The study, which included all registered cases of HIV in Michigan, found about four percent of HIV-positive people also had hepatitis. That's less than some previous studies have found elsewhere, but it still represents a significant public health concern, said Zahid Butt, who led the research as a doctoral student in MSU's Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics.

"Ultimately, because of the fact that they're suffering from two diseases, they're more likely to die than if they only have one," said Butt, who now runs the epidemiology division of a public health institute in Islamabad, Pakistan.

For example, having HIV more than triples the risk of liver disease, liver failure and liver-related death among individuals who also have hepatitis C, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The researchers found the highest rate of co-infection among males, particularly those who marked their race as "other," which included anything other than white, black or Hispanic. Butt said that was surprising, since previous studies have found African American men were at highest risk for co-infection.

"It could be that we're getting a cohort of people who were not vaccinated in childhood because they're coming from countries that don't require vaccination," he said. "It also may be that some marginalized groups might not get vaccinated because they don't trust the health care system."

Butt said all states should require children to be vaccinated against hepatitis B when they go to school, as most states already do (there is no hepatitis C vaccine). He also said HIV-positive people should protect themselves from hepatitis B by getting vaccinated.

Published in the journal Epidemiology and Infection, the study also found that people who had received transfusions or other blood products were at the highest risk for co-infection. Butt said that raises concerns about whether current safeguards are sufficient to protect people who need transfusions.

"There's a real need for proper screening of blood products," he said. "Even with the screening process we have in place, there was a high risk of infection through blood products. We still have a four percent co-infection prevalence, which shouldn't be the case."


'/>"/>
Contact: Andy McGlashen
andy.mcglashen@cabs.msu.edu
517-355-5158
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Hope on the horizon for asthma sufferers
2. Computer modeling reveals how surprisingly potent hepatitis C drug works
3. Virology researcher awarded nearly $2 million to study chronic hepatitis E
4. In a fight to the finish, Saint Louis University research aims knockout punch at hepatitis B
5. Teens susceptible to hepatitis B infection despite vaccination as infants
6. Molecular and protein markers discovered for liver transplant failure from hepatitis C
7. Height, weight and BMI changes seen in children treated with peginterferon alpha for hepatitis C
8. Levels of hepatitis C virus higher among African-Americans and males
9. ACRG and BGI report findings from genomics research on recurrent hepatitis B virus integration
10. Recapitulation of the entire hepatitis C virus life in engineered mouse cell lines
11. Scripps Research Institute scientists find promising vaccine targets on hepatitis C virus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... SANTA MONICA, Calif. , April 13, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... New York will feature emerging and ... Innovation Summits. Both Innovation Summits will run alongside the ... variety of speaker sessions, panels and demonstrations focused on ... east coast,s largest advanced design and manufacturing event will ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, a globally-recognized leader ... today announced that it has been awarded a ... Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation Presentation Attack Detection ... "Innovation has been a driving force within Crossmatch ... allow us to innovate and develop new technologies ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... N.Y. , April 11, 2017 ... fingerprints, but researchers at the New York University ... College of Engineering have found that partial similarities ... security systems used in mobile phones and other ... thought. The vulnerability lies in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/25/2017)... Oakland, California (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 ... ... Artificial Intelligence (AI), leading supplier of Common Lisp (CL) development tools, and market ... 10.1 , which includes key performance enhancements now available within the most effective ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... SEATTLE, WA (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... technology division of Quorum, will be featured in multiple sessions at this week’s ... range from emerging trends to best practices in clinical research. , "We are excited ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The University of Connecticut, in ... to three startups through the UConn Innovation Fund. The $1.5 million UConn Innovation ... with UConn. , The UConn Innovation Fund provides investments of up to $100,000 ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , ... April 20, 2017 , ... ... , this new webinar will explore challenging patient cases when screening for direct ... hospital, there may be a need for bridging parental anticoagulation especially for those ...
Breaking Biology Technology: