Navigation Links
HIV prevention among female sex workers in India reduces HIV and syphilis
Date:6/16/2013

HIV prevention programs for female sex workers in India reduce rates of syphilis, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), a University of Toronto study has found.

About two million Indians are infected with HIV, mostly in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. The study, led by Professor Prabhat Jha from U of T's Dalla Lana School of Public Health and St. Michael's Hospital's Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR), examined the impact of prevention among female sex workers whose contact with male clients contributes substantially to new HIV infections in the general population. The virus is then spread to the wives and other sex partners of these male clients.

"We not only have to prevent HIV, but also other infections like syphilis. Prevention among sex workers can reduce various infections, and prompt treatment of sexually transmitted infections is particularly important," said CGHR's Paul Arora, the lead author.

The peer-based prevention programs provided condoms and treated STIs among sex workers and their clients in addition to other activities. The authors examined data from 868 prevention projects serving about 500,000 female sex workers implemented between 1995 and 2008. They found that reaching sex workers through prevention programs decreased HIV and syphilis infection rates among young pregnant women tested routinely at government prenatal health clinics.

Other findings included:

  • Levels of HIV fell by 40 per cent and the levels of syphilis fell by 70 per cent among pregnant women (who represent new infections in the population) between 2003 and 2008.

  • Each additional sexually transmitted infection treated (per 1000 people) reduced the annual risk of HIV infection by two per cent and reduced the annual risk of syphilis infection by 11 per cent.

  • Increased funding, outreach, treatment of STIs and condom distribution reduced syphilis infections, but only STI treatment significantly reduced HIV infections.

  • There was no difference on the impact on HIV or syphilis infection between the Gates Foundation- funded projects or the NACO-funded projects, even though the per person cost of the Gates programme was about five times that of NACO.

"This vital study is a reminder that governments must invest in prevention, and that even modest amounts of funding that reach the most at risk groups can yield big reductions in HIV and other infections" added Professor Peter Piot, Director of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, and former Director of UNAIDS, who was not involved in the study.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nicole Bodnar
Nicole.Bodnar@utoronto.ca
416-978-5811
University of Toronto
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New discovery may lead to effective prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host dsease
2. How many calories does it take to reach childhood obesity prevention goals?
3. IOC recognizes University of Calgary Sports Injury Research Prevention Centre
4. New marker of drug response may speed pace of lung cancer prevention trials
5. Choline supplementation during pregnancy presents a new approach to schizophrenia prevention
6. Prevention is better than cure. Also for Alzheimers disease!
7. BU researcher receives highest honor from the National Birth Defects Prevention Network
8. Gene variants may predict who will benefit from breast cancer prevention drugs
9. Scientists identify prostate cancer stem cells among low-PSA cells
10. New study published on fertility awareness among American university students
11. Considerable prevalence of both malaria, STIs exist among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/22/2016)... LOS ANGELES , June 22, 2016 ... of identity management and verification solutions, has ... cutting edge software solutions for Visitor Management, ... ® provides products that add functional ... The partnership provides corporations and venues with ...
(Date:6/15/2016)... New York , June 15, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... a new market report titled "Gesture Recognition Market by ... and Forecast, 2016 - 2024". According to the report, ... USD 11.60 billion in 2015 and is estimated ... reach USD 48.56 billion by 2024.  ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... -- The Department of Transport Management (DOTM) of ... US Dollar project, for the , Supply and ... and IT Infrastructure , to Decatur ... of Identity Management Solutions. Numerous renowned international vendors participated in ... was selected for the most compliant and innovative solution. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... Nov. 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - Portage Biotech Inc. ("Portage" ... PBT.U), is excited to announce the formation of ... developing preclinical ophthalmology assets through proof of concept. ... created by Portage Pharmaceuticals Limited and being developed ... surface and anterior segment diseases. This agent has ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016  Tempus, a technology company focused ... Penn,s Abramson Cancer Center have partnered to better ... to immunotherapy treatment based on next generation genomic ... of a research collaboration, Tempus will provide sequencing ... patient data to Penn. Utilizing next-generation sequencing, machine ...
(Date:11/30/2016)...   Merck , a leading science and technology ... set of agreements with Evotec AG, whereby Evotec AG ... reagents such as CRISPR and shRNA libraries. Combining access ... accelerated pathway to explore and identify new drug targets. ... new targets, a process that can be time- and ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Triangle Park, North Carolina (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... (IUPAC) approved the names and symbols for four elements: nihonium (Nh), moscovium (Mc), ... Following a 5-month period of public review, the names earlier proposed by the discoverers ...
Breaking Biology Technology: