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Guang Yue, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation awarded NIH grant for cancer rehabilitation research
Date:10/6/2014

West Orange, NJ. October 6, 2014. Guang Yue, PhD, of Kessler Foundation has been awarded an NIH grant for$1,962,767 to study the impact of high-effort training on the muscle weakness that impairs quality life among many individuals with cancer. Dr. Yue is the Foundation's director of Human Performance & Engineering Research. This 5-year RO1 grant will enable him to pursue his preliminary findings that indicate that high-effort combined with low-intensity muscle exercise training can significantly improve muscle strength in women with breast cancer.

Weakness limits mobility and diminishes quality of life in many cancer survivors, especially in those with late-stage cancer. Participating in high-intensity strength training is difficult and unsafe in patients with limited physical abilities. Recent evidence in healthy adults shows that training with high effort (intended muscle contraction) combined with minimal physical exercise increases brain-to-muscle command, which helps improve motor unit recruitment and activation level resulting in muscle strengthening (a motor unit is consisted of a motor neuron in the spinal cord and muscle fibers it controls). These observations led Dr. Yue and colleagues to hypothesize that training-induced voluntary strength gain relies on level of effort rather than the intensity of physical exercise.

"Our major goal is to test this hypothesis by training women with breast cancer-related weakness using high effort plus moderate intensity exercise vs low effort combined with moderate intensity muscle exercise," said Dr. Yue. "Using strength testing and specialized EEG and neuroimaging techniques, we will look at the effects on handgrip strength and the level of functional brain-to-brain and brain-to-muscle connectivity that modulates maximal muscle force. What we discover about voluntary muscle strengthening is likely to be applicable to other patient populations or frail older adults who suffer muscle weakness."


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Contact: Carolann Murphy
cmurphy@kesslerfoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation
@KesslerFound
Source:Eurekalert  

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Guang Yue, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation awarded NIH grant for cancer rehabilitation research
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