Navigation Links
Group selection, a theory whose time has come...again
Date:11/28/2007

Although a high standard of morality gives but a slight or no advantage to each individual man and his children over the other men of the same tribe...an advancement in the standard of morality will certainly give an immense advantage to one tribe over another.

With these words, Charles Darwin proposed an evolutionary explanation for morality and pro-social behaviors individuals behaving for the good of their group, often at their own expensethat anticipated the future discipline of Sociobiology. A century after this famous passage was published in The Descent of Man (1871), however, Darwins explanation based on group selection had become taboo and has not recovered since. In a landmark article for The Quarterly Review of Biology, Rethinking the Theoretical Foundation of Sociobiology, eminent evolutionary scientists David Sloan Wilson and Edward O. Wilsonwhose book Sociobiology:The New Synthesis brought widespread attention to the field in 1975call for an end to forty years of confusion and divergent theories. They propose a new consensus and theoretical foundation that affirms Darwins original conjecture and is supported by the latest biological findings.

Wilson and Wilson trace much of the confusion in the field to the 1960s, when most evolutionists rejected for the good of the group thinking and insisted that all adaptations must be explained in terms of individual self-interest. In an even more reductionistic move, genes were called the fundamental unit of selection, as if this was an argument against group selection. Scientific dogma became entrenched in popular culture with the publication of Richard Dawkins The Selfish Gene (1976). Although evidence in favor of group selection began accumulating almost immediately after its rejection, its taboo status prevented a systematic re-evaluation of the field until now.

Based on current theory and evidence, Wilson and Wilson show that natural selection is unequivocally a multilevel process, as Darwin originally envisioned, and that adaptations can evolve at all levels of the biological hierarchy, from genes to ecosystems. They conclude with a rallying cry that paraphrases Rabbi Hillel: Selfishness beats altruism within groups. Altruistic groups beat selfish groups. Everything else is commentary, Wilson and Wilson free sociobiology to once again pursue all lines of inquiry within its discipline.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rudy Faust
rfaust@press.uchicago.edu
773-834-0386
University of Chicago Press Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Titanium Group Announces Contract With Haitong Securities
2. Titanium Group Signs Letter of Intent to Acquire Multimilion Dollar Medical Software Company and Its Existing Sales Network
3. Titanium Group to Showcase Products and Technologies in Prestigious Government Seminar
4. Titanium Group Signs Letter of Intent to Acquire Multimilion Dollar Medical Software Company and Its Existing Sales Network
5. UF botanists: Flowering plants evolved very quickly into 5 groups
6. Tree of life for flowering plants reveals relationships among major groups
7. Titanium Group Announces Biometric Contract with One of the Most Active Clinics in Hong Kong
8. Interacting protein theory awaits test from new neutron analysis tools
9. St. Jude identifies the specific cell that causes eye cancer, disproving long-held theory
10. Study proposes new theory of how viruses may contribute to cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/11/2016)... Germany , March 11, 2016 http://www.apimages.com ... - Cross reference: Picture is available at AP Images ( http://www.apimages.com ... from DERMALOG will be used to produce the new refugee identity ... other biometric innovations, at CeBIT in Hanover ... scanner from DERMALOG will be used to produce the new refugee ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... --  Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ) today announced ... testing its biometric identity solution at the Otay Mesa border ... identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the country. ... determine the efficiency and accuracy of using biometric technologies in ... until May 2016. --> the United States ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... Fla. , March 9, 2016  Crossmatch ... authentication and enrollment solutions, today announced the addition ... ® Altus multi-factor authentication platform. New ... InfoSec managers to step-up security where it,s needed ... Washington, DC . --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... VANCOUVER, British Columbia , April 27, 2016 ... "Gesellschaft" oder "NanoStruck") (CSE: NSK) (OTCPink: NSKQB) ( ... sie im Anschluss an ihre Pressemitteilung vom 13. ... Inc. erhalten hat, ihre Finanzen um zusätzliche 200.000.000 ... auf 4.000.000 Kanadische Dollar zu bringen. Davon wurden ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... PathSensors, Inc., a leading environmental ... Lamka will assist PathSensors in expanding the use of the company’s CANARY® technology ... test platform for the detection of harmful pathogens, including a number of bacteria, ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... MedDay, a biotechnology company focused on the treatment of ... as Chairman of its Board of Directors. Catherine ... who contributed to the rapid development of the Company since ... her career in strategy consulting and investment banking in ...  She held C-Suite level roles in some of ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The European Patent Office (EPO) today announced that ... for the European Inventor Award 2016 in the category "Non-European countries." The winners of ... ceremony in Lisbon on June 9th. , The human capacity to walk with fluidity ...
Breaking Biology Technology: