Navigation Links
Green spaces may boost well-being for city slickers
Date:4/22/2013

People who live in urban areas with more green space tend to report greater well-being than city dwellers who don't have parks, gardens, or other green space nearby, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Examining data from a national longitudinal survey of households in the United Kingdom, Mathew White and colleagues at the European Centre for Environment & Human Health at the University of Exeter Medical School found that individuals reported less mental distress and higher life satisfaction when they were living in greener areas. And this association held even after the researchers accounted for changes in participants' income, employment, marital status, physical health, and housing type.

White and colleagues were surprised by the scale of the effects of living in a greener area in comparison to 'big hitting' life events, such as marriage and employment:

"Living in an urban area with relatively high levels of green space compared to one with relatively low levels of green space was associated with a positive impact on well-being equivalent to roughly a third of the impact of being married vs. unmarried and a tenth of the impact of being employed vs. unemployed."

The results show that, even stacked up against other factors that contribute to life satisfaction, living in a greener area had a significant effect.

"These kinds of comparisons are important for policymakers when trying to decide how to invest scarce public resources, e.g. for park development or upkeep, and figuring out what 'bang' they'll get for their buck," says White.

Findings from previous research suggested a correlation between green space and well-being, but those studies weren't able to rule out the possibility that people with higher levels of well-being simply move to greener areas. White and colleagues were able to solve that problem by using longitudinal data from the national survey; that data were collected annually from over 10,000 people between 1991 and 2008.

The new research does not prove that moving to a greener area will necessarily cause increased happiness, but it does fit with findings from experimental studies showing that short bouts of time in a green space can improve people's mood and cognitive functioning.

While the effect for any one person might be small, White points out that the potential positive effects of green space for society at large might be substantial.

"This research could be important for psychologists, public health officials and urban planners who are interested in learning about the effects that urbanization and city planning can have on population health and well-being," White concludes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Surprising findings on hydrogen production in green algae
2. Petroleum use, greenhouse gas emissions of automobiles could drop 80 percent by 2050
3. Significant contribution of Greenlands peripheral glaciers to sea-level rise
4. Researchers building stronger, greener concrete with biofuel byproducts
5. Catalysts that produce green fuel
6. Amplified greenhouse effect shifts norths growing seasons
7. Amplified greenhouse effect shaping North into South
8. Green tea extract interferes with the formation of amyloid plaques in Alzheimers disease
9. New method for greenhouse gas predictions
10. Gene discovery reveals importance of eating your greens
11. Experts to calculate potential of Greenlandic mineral wealth
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 First quarter 2016:   ... with the first quarter of 2015 The gross margin ... (loss: 18.8) and the operating margin was 40% (-13) ... Cash flow from operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , ... unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. The operating margin for 2016 ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... 27, 2016 Research and ... Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to their offering.  , ... The analysts forecast the global multimodal biometrics ... during the period 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics ... such as the healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... -- A new partnership announced today will help life ... a fraction of the time it takes today, ... insurance policies to consumers without requiring inconvenient and ... rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and HIV) and higi,s ... pulse, BMI, and activity data) available at local ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... FireflySci has been manufacturing ... laboratories all over the globe. Their cute firefly logo has been spreading to ... FireflySci makes spectrophotometer calibration standards that never require recalibration. These revolutionary standards ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... Thailand (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... participation of a Thai delegation at BIO 2016 in San Francisco. Located at ... sector will be available to answer questions and discuss the Thai biotechnology and ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... recently became double board-certified in surgery and surgery of the hand by the ... is no stranger to going above and beyond in his pursuit of providing ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Scientists at the University of Athens say they have evidence ... hampering the research that could lead to one good one. Surviving Mesothelioma has just ... , The team evaluated 98 mesothelioma patients who got a second ...
Breaking Biology Technology: