Navigation Links
Great lakes waterfowl die-offs: Finding the source
Date:11/24/2013

WASHINGTON D.C. Nov. 24, 2013 -- A deadly menace stalks the loons, gulls and other water birds of the Great Lakes region: Type E botulism, a neuromuscular disease caused when birds eat fish infected with toxin-producing bacteria. Cases of the disease are on the rise, killing approximately 10,000 more waterfowl in 2007 than when it was first reported in 1963.

To understand die-off origin and distribution, ocean engineers from the Florida Atlantic University (FAU) Institute for Ocean Systems Engineering in Dania Beach, Florida are using their expertise in experimental hydrodynamics. They have teamed with the U.S. Geological Survey to help develop a novel way of tracking waterfowl carcasses to determine the source of lethal outbreaks that infect fish eaten by waterbirds.

Monitoring the drift of waterbird carcasses associated with marine oil spills is another potential application. At the annual meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics, held Nov. 24 26 in Pittsburgh, Pa., the team will present experimental measurements conducted to support the development of tracking software that will better determine the origin of waterbird die-offs.

The team performed towing tank experiments on submerging bird carcasses to determine the relevant drag coefficients. Together with wind and current data, these coefficients can be used in probabilistic source tracking simulations to calculate waterbird drift velocity and direction in order to reconstruct the likely routes that bird bodies may have traveled after a die-off.

Ultimately, this information will be compared to waterbird distribution and abundance revealed through aerial surveys to identify locations where waterbirds are likely exposed to botulinum toxin, explained Karl von Ellenrieder of FAU.

"Using the submerged frontal area of an ellipse, together with the frontal area of any submerged portions of the bird's head and neck gives good similarity across the range of speeds and submergence levels tested," von Ellenrieder said. "This is the first effort we are aware of to obtain estimates of force parameters operating on drifting waterbirds for incorporation into a current and waved-based tracking model."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
dfdmedia@aps.org
240-535-4954
American Physical Society
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Nearby chimpanzee populations show much greater genetic diversity than distant human populations
2. WHOI researchers, collaborators receive $1.4 million grant to study life in oceans greatest depths
3. Is rainfall a greater threat to Chinas agriculture than warming?
4. Research4Life greatly expands peer-reviewed research available to developing world
5. Mercury rising: Greater L.A. to heat up an average 4 to 5 degrees by mid-century
6. Smallest and largest fetuses at greater risk of being stillborn, research finds
7. Newly discovered dinosaur implies greater prevalence of feathers
8. Obesity plus low vitamin D may add up to a greater risk of diabetes
9. US-born Latinas at great risk of having babies with retinoblastoma
10. Geologys Mystery Interval, the Great Deepening, and the largest kill-off in Earth history
11. Study shows hope of greater global food output, less environmental impact of agriculture
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Great lakes waterfowl die-offs: Finding the source
(Date:3/22/2017)... Optimove , provider of the ... as 1-800-Flowers and AdoreMe, today announced two new ... Using Optimove,s machine learning algorithms, these features allow ... recommendations to their customers based not just on ... intent drawn from a complex web of data ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... Future of security: Biometric Face Matching software  ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match face pictures against each other or against ... (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... Matching" is the fastest software for biometric Face Matching on the market. The ...
(Date:3/6/2017)... March 6, 2017 Mintigo , ... today announced Predictive Sales Coach TM , its ... sales intelligence into Salesforce. This unique AI application ... sales organizations with deep knowledge of their customers ... intelligent engagement. Predictive Sales Coach extends Mintigo,s existing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... NEW YORK , March 24, 2017 ... Composite ended the trading session at 5,817.69, down 0.07%; ... finish at 20,656.58; and the S&P 500 closed at ... session as 4 sectors closed in green, 4 sectors ... the day. This Friday, Stock-Callers.com has initiated reports coverage ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u is proud to announce it has become the premiere team-building cooking event ... companies around the world, such as Illumina, HP and Qualcomm, and is ranked #1 in ... popularity is due to its new team building format, a way for teams to not ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... LOUISVILLE, Colo. , March 23, 2017  GlobeImmune, ... purchase agreement for the sale of 12,835,490 shares of ... the  NantWorks  ecosystem of companies. In connection with the sale ... GlobeImmune $100,000 in cash and issue to GlobeImmune 200,000 ... common stock. "We are pleased to ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... YORK , March 23, 2017 ... ... of death, putting significant strain on health care systems, in ... cancer diagnoses rises, so too does the development of innovative ... minimum side effects. Among the many types of cancer treatments, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: